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CRIMINAL LAW AND  THE PUNJAB SENTENCING  ACT, 2019 Constitutionality of Criminal Law    Modern states claim to assert their monopoly over lawful use of force within their jurisdiction through criminal law; in this sense, criminal law enables states to maintain their internal national security and to keep order in the society. Historically, Pakistan’s criminal law has not been rewritten. Colonial ... Read More »

Coronavirus and Global Economy

Coronavirus and Global Economy1

Coronavirus and Global Economy There are growing apprehensions among financial experts that coronavirus outbreak and the economic fallout it has sparked could plunge the world economy into a recession. Having largely ignored COVID-19 as it spread across China, global financial markets reacted strongly when the virus spread to Europe and the Middle East, stoking fears of a global pandemic. Since ... Read More »


coronavirus hero

CORONA PANDEMIC With coronavirus cases on a rapid rise, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially changed their classification of COVID-19, the mysterious viral pneumonia-like disease caused by the novel coronavirus, from a public health emergency of international concern to a pandemic. While making the declaration, the organization’s director-general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, “WHO has been assessing this outbreak round the ... Read More »

Cardinal Rules of Life

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Cardinal Rules of Life Laiba Muhammad Aamir Being born into this world is not something we have chosen ourselves. The body given to our lingering soul was completely out of our control. We were thrown into this world without our will and wish. We could be born as an insect, bird, animal or flower. Martin Heidegger, a German philosopher, says ... Read More »

European Union and the Emerging Great-Power Competition

European Union and the Emerging Great-Power Competition

European Union and the Emerging Great-Power Competition World War II, and the period of decolonization that followed it, brought to an end the centuries-long global domination of Europe’s great powers. After 1945, neither of the global powers—the United States and the Soviet Union—was European, and a plethora of newly independent nation-states bounded onto the world stage. Following the dissolution of ... Read More »

US-Taliban Deal and the Future of Afghanistan

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the leader of the Taliban delegation, and Zalmay Khalilzad, U.S. envoy for peace in Afghanistan, shake hands after signing an agreement at a ceremony between members of Afghanistan's Taliban and the U.S. in Doha, Qatar February 29, 2020. REUTERS/Ibraheem al Omari

US-Taliban Deal and the Future of Afghanistan After more than eighteen years of war in Afghanistan, the United States and the Taliban reached an agreement in what were both sides’ most intensive efforts yet to end the Washington’s longest war. The agreement, which was signed in Doha, Qatar, in the presence of representatives from Pakistan, Qatar, Turkey, India, Indonesia, Uzbekistan ... Read More »

Trade wars are huge threats to food security


Trade wars are huge threats to food security international trade has provided consumers with access to a more diversified and nutritious food basket. However, for trade to improve food security to the greatest number of people across the globe, greater international cooperation is necessary. More than 820 million people— equivalent to more than 10.0 percent of the world’s population—were hungry ... Read More »

Climate Anxiety


Climate Anxiety  Our climate is changing at an accelerated rate and continues to have profound impacts on human health. This change jeopardizes not only physical health but also mental health. Climate change harms mental wellbeing in a number of ways. From trauma and stress following disasters, to relationship damage caused by separation and displacement, the psychological effects of climate change ... Read More »