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Paigham-i-Pakistan Code of Conduct for Religious Harmony


Paigham-i-Pakistan Code of Conduct for Religious Harmony 1. It is obligatory on every citizen of the country to recognise and accept the Constitution and fulfil their oath of loyalty towards the state. 2. All citizens in the country should ensure implementation of all basic rights of the people enshrined in the Constitution that pertain to social and political lives, freedom ... Read More »



TERRORISM FINANCING LAWS IN PAKISTAN Introduction “The first step towards a science of law is the making of distinction between what comes within and what does not come within the legal meaning of a rule.” —Roscoe Pound If Pound’s axiomatic first step is taken in understanding laws related to Financial Action Task Force (FATF), it will transpire that many laws ... Read More »

ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY The New front in foreign policy of Pakistan


ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY The New front in foreign policy of Pakistan In the contemporary world, only those countries enjoy prestige and power in the global arena which have strong, prosperous economies as well as vigilant diplomats pursuing the interests of their countries in other countries. Although the concept of diplomacy, traditionally, is considered related to state-centric analyses of mainly political agenda, ... Read More »



WORLD WAR 3 From escalating tensions in the East Mediterranean region to the South China Sea and from historical conflicts in the Eurasian region to border disputes up in the Himalayas, here are a list of possible conflicts which can spiral out of control and trigger a potential World War. Sorry you have no rights to view this Article/Post! Please ... Read More »

The Abraham Accords


The Abraham Accords The return of the global balance of power paved the way for major powers to set up a Eurasian chessboard, once again, for global dominance. But this time, the confronting players are the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China, along with Russia as well. These players are confronting each other on a number ... Read More »



STRANGE CELEBRATION OF UN75 Leaders hated and feared make make false claims of global peace, security and justice Are we, the people of the world, trapped in a vicious circle of disingenuous unlearning of the learning, inequality, racial injustice and human degradation across the globe? We continued to experience political deceptions in the name of peace and security, phony wars ... Read More »

Saudi Kingdom’s Transformation From ultra-conservatism to ultra-modernism


Saudi Kingdom’s Transformation From ultra-conservatism to ultra-modernism   Saudi Arabia is, currently, undergoing a phenomenal metamorphosis; a country widely known for its ultra-conservative outlook is now gradually moving towards liberalism. It is witnessing a remarkable transformation in its socioeconomic and cultural contours. The kingdom, once influenced and controlled by the orthodox clergy, did not let women come out of their ... Read More »

New Strategic Design of the Middle East

Photo 1 cover (Nikkei Asian Review)

New Strategic Design of the Middle East Ties between Israel and the Gulf have grown exponentially in recent years. What began as whispers of covert intelligence cooperation gradually transformed into increasingly public signs of amity. And, these covert contacts came to the fore recently when within a span of only a month, the US President Donald Trump successfully brokered peace ... Read More »

Post-Pandemic Geopolitics


Post-Pandemic Geopolitics Estimating the long-term effect of the current pandemic is not an exact prediction of the future, but an exercise in weighing probabilities and adjusting current policies. When envisioning the international order in 2030, five scenarios stand out. There is no single future until it happens, and any effort to envision geopolitics in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic ... Read More »

Defensive & Offensive Realism


Defensive & Offensive Realism Realists are a dominant school of thought in international relations. After classical thoughts in realism, structural realism or neorealism gained popularity due to its relatively more relevance to understanding global politics. Offensive and defensive realism are actually subdivisions of structural realism or neorealism proposed by Kenneth Waltz in his monumental work ‘Theory of International Politics’—published in ... Read More »