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January 2016

Why WWIII is on the Horizon

Why WWIII is on the Horizon

The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 gave birth to a dangerous American ideology called neoconservativism. The Soviet Union had served as a constraint on US unilateral action. With the removal of this constraint on Washington, neoconservatives declared their agenda of US world hegemony. America was now the “sole superpower,” the “unipower,” that could act without restraint anywhere in ... Read More »

Balance of Power Too much power in one place is a fool’s errand

Balance of Power

“States are interested only in a balance which is in their favor. Not an equilibrium, but a generous margin is their objective. There is no real security in being just as strong as a potential enemy; there is security only in being a little stronger.” — Nicholas John Spykman Introduction Balance of power, in international relations, is the post-ure and ... Read More »

The 2015 MALTA Summit A Report on the Commonwealth’s New Beginning

The 2015 Malta Summit

“It is rightly said that the Commonwealth is an association underscored by values. But meaningful progress demands that those values be put into practice, mobilizing the vast network of civil society groups who work to strengthen health, laws and governance across all our countries.” — Speech by Her Majesty The Queen at the CHOGM Opening Ceremony On 27 November 2015, ... Read More »

Changing Nature and Character of Security Threats

Changing Character and Nature of Security Threats

Notwithstanding the degree, encountering confrontations and waging wars with varying actors involved within and without the territorial borders of states remained the most unfortunate fact in the history of international relations. While the patterns of confrontation in the Cold War era, especially during the heightened period of insecurities, were divided by the dictates and rivalry of the two power blocs; ... Read More »

Religion vs. Secularism What Cures Humanity?

Religion vs Secularism

It was the dark period in European history when church was supreme in power triangle that comprised church, feudal lords and the king. The church introduced the confession ritual and those who were found guilty were excommunicated and were barred from entering the church thereupon. The inquisition saw tens of thousands of immolations on the basis of a mere suspicion ... Read More »



Note: As the revised syllabus for CSS English Essay says that “Candidates will be required to write one or more Essay in English,” it is better to prepare short essays as well because being on the safer side is always advisable. Those who do not aspire to be successful would either be lunatic or the dead. Success might have different ... Read More »

Pakistan’s Flawed Political Culture

Pakistans Flawed Political Culture

A Major Cause of Sham Democracy, Poor Governance and Rampant Corruption Democracy is the most appreciated form of government in the whole world; even the totalitarian regimes and military dictatorships resort to it in order to garner popular support. According to most definitions, ‘Democracy’ is “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a ... Read More »


Climate Change

Climate change is one of the defining issues of our time. It is now more certain than ever, based on many lines of evidence, that humans are changing Earth’s climate. The atmosphere and oceans have warmed, accompanied by sea-level rise, a strong decline in Arctic sea ice, and other climate-related changes. These changes will have an enormous impact on our ... Read More »

Pakistan: A Hard Country by Anatol Lieven

Pakistan A Hard Country

Reviewed by: Peter Oborne The crisis in North Africa and the Middle East has driven Pakistan out of the headlines, but this is surely only a temporary lull. Cursed by nuclear weapons, home to al-Qaeda, victim of several raging insurgencies and a chronically unstable political structure — most Western experts continue to view Pakistan as the most dangerous country in ... Read More »