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World in Focus ( Sept-Oct 2017 )

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NATIONAL Sep 16: Pakistan asked the World Bank to constitute a court of arbitration to settle its water dispute with India after India and Pakistan secretary-level talks, at the World Bank headquarters in Washington, failed. Sep 16: AJK President Sardar Masood Khan took oath as the chief of the AJK Boy Scouts Association. Sep 16: Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi ... Read More »

Making Cyberspace Safer

The intensity and sophistication of cybercrimes has significantly increased in the recent years all over the world. The developing countries, including Pakistan, have also suffered many cyber attacks, in both private and public sectors. The extent of cybercrimes includes defamation, plastic money scams, internet banking frauds, unauthorized/illegal termination of international voice, hacking of national database, emails,  and so on. To ... Read More »

Iqbal’s Concept of Democracy

The worldwide acclaim Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), a revered poet-philosopher and a visionary leader, commanded from both the Eastern and Western critics bears a vivid testimony to his great stature, and earns him the place occupied by very few in the literary world. Whilst chief source of his repute is his timeless poetry, his philosophical thought, too, is no ... Read More »

The War against Climate Change

Notwithstanding that Trump administration has withdrawn from Paris Climate Agreement, the average global temperature is rising; the heated oceans are intensifying the occurrence of extreme weather patterns; the unusually warm climate is increasing the frequency and intensity of hurricanes, typhoons and sea surges —  recent category 4 and 5 hurricanes Harvey and Irma in the Atlantic ocean, for example — ... Read More »


In his first inaugural address, United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, made an attempt to assess the enormous damage: “The withered leaves of industrial enterprise lie on every side; farmers find no markets for their produce; the savings of many years in thousands of families are gone. More important, a host of unemployed citizens face the grim problem of existence ... Read More »


A theory of international relations is a set of ideas that explain how the international system works. Unlike an ideology, a theory of international relations is (at least in principle) backed up with concrete evidence. The two major theories of international relations are realism and liberalism. REALISM Realism, also referred to as Political Realism, is one of the oldest theories ... Read More »

Tearing Down Misplaced Perceptions about China’s Rise

This July witnessed an intense level of escalated tensions, what came to be known as Doklam standoff, between China and India, which erupted after India, posturing quite belligerently, sent its troops to interrupt the construction of a road by the Chinese military. As the dispute lingered on, it increasingly drew both countries and their masses into an intensely-contested war of ... Read More »