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September 2017


Definition Strategic management can be defined as the art and science of formulating, implementing and evaluating cross-functional decisions that enable an organization to achieve its objectives. Strategic management focuses on integrating management, marketing, finance/accounting, production/operations, research and development and information systems to achieve organizational success. Sometimes the term strategic management is used to refer to strategy formulation, implementation and evaluation, ... Read More »

Explaining the South China Sea Conflict, Stakes high for key players

During the past few years, global politics has seen the resurgence of an old conflict with a new intensity – the South China Sea (SCS) conflict. It is all about the contesting claims of China, the Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei on sovereignty and rights in the South China Sea. Sovereignty over Paracel Islands, the Pratas Islands, Scarborough Shoal ... Read More »

TIPS for the ESSAY

1. The essay should be spread over at least 25 A4 size paper sheets. The topic is of such a nature that sufficient material can be provided in it. 2. The topic statement is not open: it would not be possible to go against it; you should present your arguments in the support of the topic. 3. While explaining the ... Read More »


1. Introduction 2. What is accountability? 3. Accountability mechanism in Pakistan a. Accountability-related laws b. Accountability-related organizations and forums c. Accountability-related courts 4. Importance of accountability for democracy in Pakistan Accountability is extremely good for democracy in Pakistan: a. Proofs from the political sector i. Improvement in legislation ii. Guaranteed provision of fundamental rights iii. Closure of the door to ... Read More »

Divide and Rule in Muslim World

“Verily, you are one Ummah. I am your Lord, worship me.” (21: 92 Al-Quran) Unity has become a critical issue for the Muslim world today. Unity precedes, and for right reasons, all needs and priorities of the Muslim nation. There is undeniably greater need for unity in the backdrop of divisive forces at work like narrow sectarian gains, ethnic discriminations ... Read More »

The Curse of Drug Addiction, Saving our future generations from the killer substances

Drug abuse is a phenomenon as old as humankind itself. Man has been using various naturally-occurring substances, including herbs, roots, bark and leaves of different plants in order to cure diseases and relieve pain, as well as for having tranquility. Humans have also been consuming naturally-occurring intoxicating substances for relaxing. Later, the use of drugs became prevalent in religious, social ... Read More »

Some Important Geography Terms

Acid rain – rainwater containing sulphuric acid, nitric acid and compounds of ammonia. These pollutants have been pumped into the atmosphere by manufacturing industry and vehicle emissions. Aftershocks – smaller earthquakes that occur in the same general area during the days to years following a larger event. Amenity value – used for recreational and leisure activities. Asylum – to claim ... Read More »

In Conversation with NOMAN MAHMOOD, 11th in Punjab, PMS-2016

JWT helped me a lot in preparations for Pakistan Studies and General Knowledge papers. I covered many key topics from it. Jahangir’s World Times (JWT): First of all, please tell us about your educational background? Noman Mahmood (NM): I did matriculation and F.Sc. (pre-engineering) from Rashid Minhas School Ali Pur. Later, I completed B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from UET, Lahore, ... Read More »

In Conversation with MARIYA JAVAID, 3rd in Pakistan, CSS-2016

“One must read quality books and newspapers, and form one’s own opinion on the major issues” Jahangir’s World Times (JWT): First of all, please tell us about your educational background? Mariya Javaid (MJ): I am an Electrical Engineer. I graduated from University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Lahore, in 2013. JWT: What feature of the Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS) attracted ... Read More »