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January 2018

Guess for CSS-2018

English Essay 1. Menace of corruption in Pakistan. How to eradicate that? 2. Will rising wave of extremism lead Pakistan to some serious disaster? 3. Pariah status of women has become a serious obstacle to the rapid progress of the world in many aspects. 4. Unless you have a uniform system of education in the country, you can never expect ... Read More »


Thousands of graduates from across Pakistan try their luck every year in the competitive examination (CE), also known as Central Superior Service (CSS) exam, conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC). CSS is considered the most prestigious exam in Pakistan as it opens, for successful aspirants, the doors to the country’s bureaucracy, or more rightly, the Civil Services of ... Read More »

3rd JWT Essay Competition Winner Essay

By: Saba Noor Accountability Strengthens Democracy Outline: 1. Introduction: (i) Democracy is the rule of majority. (ii) Accountability is the writ of majority. Thesis statement: Accountability is lifeblood of democracies. 2. Accountability – a strong pillar on which democracy is built (I) In governance, accountability is the answerability and liability. (ii) Accountability means surrendering before law and let law rule. (iii) Successful ... Read More »

Jerusalem: The Epicenter of Crises in Middle East

The earliest manifestation of faith is the sacred geography, and Jerusalem, the holiest of the holy cities, enjoys the status of sacred geography for Abrahimic religions. All three monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam – consider Jerusalem central in their theological belief system. Jews trace the centrality of this city from Biblical historicity and cite the occupation of Canaan ... Read More »

Language Imperialism

The Curious Case of Pakistan Pakistan is a multilingual state; having six major and a spate of minor languages spoken far and wide. Urdu has been adopted constitutionally as the National Language while English, like during the lordship of the British lords, assumes the official character. The former is the mother tongue of nearly eight percent of the population; it, ... Read More »

In Conversation with Ahsan Mumtaz Gondal, 13th in Punjab, PMS-2016

“I used to read JWT regularly and it proved to be beneficial since it covers a wide range of topics related to competitive examinations” Jahangir’s World Times (JWT): First of all, please tell us about your educational background? Ahsan Mumtaz Gondal (AMG): I did matriculation from Rangers Public School, Mandi Bahauddin, and intermediate from Forman Christian College, Lahore. Later on, ... Read More »

Pakistan’s 7 Biggest Challenges

How to come out of the quagmire? Pakistan is mired in daunting challenges on, at least, seven following accounts. 1. Social With a tacit collusion of Pakistani media and some NGOs, social relations are being weakened through the creation of disunity among the people belonging to different ethnicities and religious schools of thoughts. All the negative aspects of Pakistani social ... Read More »

In Conversation with ABIDA FAREED (PAS), 22nd in Pakistan, CSS-2016

“Well-researched articles as well as essays in World Times magazine, were a ready-made source of information on many topics” Jahangir’s World Times (JWT): First of all, please tell us about your educational background? Abida Fareed (AF): I got my early education from Jampur, District Rajanpur. After FSc (premedical), I got admission to Nishtar Medical College, Multan. And before joining the ... Read More »


DEFINITION A representative bureaucracy is defined as a public service whose members reflect the demographic composition of the population it serves and to which its policies apply. To be truly representative, a public service would include members of significant sectors of the population throughout its workforce, including senior decision-making positions, not just in lower rank jobs. Pitkin provided the simplest ... Read More »

Palestinians Betrayed Again!

Muslim world needs dynamic leadership  Since the start of the illegitimate occupation of Palestinian lands after the (in)famous Balfour Declaration, and especially after subsequent Arab-Israel conflicts; as in 1948 Zionist forces captured West Jerusalem, then the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights in 1967 and also forcibly annexed the East Jerusalem, international community has been condemning Israeli moves to consolidate ... Read More »