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World in Focus (Sep-Oct 2018)

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NATIONAL  Sep 16: British Pakistani boxer Muhammad Ali made history when he became the first boxer with type-one diabetes to win a professional fight. He defeated Andrej Cepur. Sep 16: Competing with 12,000 other contestants, a Pakistani student Zahra Hussain won an essay competition organized by the British Royal Commonwealth Society. She wrote on the topic ‘Hues of Red’. It ... Read More »

Introduction to International Political Economy

International Political Economy

By David Balaam & Bradford Dillman In the book titled “Introduction to International Political Economy” (IPE), the authors – David Balaam and Bradford Dillman – analyze a number of complex issues of international and global economies in a comprehensive way. The book is structured into five parts representing a completed entity both from the theoretical and practical viewpoints. In the ... Read More »



Introduction The First World War (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe. Breaking out on 28th July 1914, with the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie, the war spanned exactly four years, three months and 14 days and ended on 11th November 1918. Including almost all the big powers of the world, ... Read More »

Political Science Nature and Scope

Political Science

Man is a social animal. He cannot live in isolation, because he is not self-sufficient and the natural instinct to survive compels him to live a collective life. According to Aristotle, this collective life necessitates a political mechanism of rules, regulations and leadership. An organized society needs some system to make and enforce rules for orderly behaviour in society. This ... Read More »



Pakistan is one of the largest cotton-producing countries in the world – actually the fourth biggest having a share of 9.5 percent, as per 2017 figures. After the creation of Pakistan, industrial estates were established in different parts of the country where numerous categories of industries would operate. Textile industry was given top priority in establishing various types of mills ... Read More »

The Crippling Burden of Hidden Hunger

Hidden Hunger

Stunted, lean and indolent children; this is, perhaps, the picture of our future. It’s a bitter yet an undeniable truth; because the diet we are feeding our children with though satisfies their hunger, their bodies remain deprived of adequate nutrition – essential vitamins and minerals (collectively micronutrients). This is a state of malnutrition which is commonly referred to as ‘Hidden ... Read More »

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

By: Anna Kazmi Psychology is basically the way the human brain functions; how its functioning affects one’s mentality, how that mentality affects one’s behaviour, and how that behaviour aids in or restricts one from living one’s life as one wants to. A psychological disorder, also known as mental disability, can occur at any stage of life – it can be ... Read More »



Happiness depends upon ourselves. “Happiness is an expression of the soul in considered activities.” (Aristotle) Happiness is a choice we make. If it stems from within, it has purity and sustainability. If it is induced by external factors, it shall not only be bound by confines of time, but shall also remain enslaved and hostage to the factor. External conditions ... Read More »

THE UNITED NATIONS Failures, Snags and Reforms


By: Abdul Rasool Syed Ensuring peace has been a primordial and universal aspiration of the mankind inhabiting the globe. The enlightened people, groups and nations have, from time to time, taken various initiatives in this respect. The urgency to establish an international organization for building peace was vehemently felt for the first time after the catastrophic events of the two ... Read More »

Disability can be a physical limitation but nothing can limit a person’s skills and talents

Disability can be a physical limitation but nothing can limit a person's skills and talents

“Without imperfection I and you would not exist” — (Stephen Hawking) Nothing can hide the talent and skills of a person. It is a known fact that talented and skilful people, even disabled, always shine like stars. However, the term ‘disabled’ has more social connotations than the medical ones as it creates a demarcation line between who is able and ... Read More »