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Vision 2030 is the latest and most ambitious iteration of Saudi Arabia’s policy for economic diversification, intended to adapt one of the world’s most oil-dependent economies for a transition to a post-oil future. Despite never explicitly mentioning politics, it has profoundly political implications. If it were to be actually implemented, Vision 2030 would seem to dismantle the political economy model ... Read More »

Pakistan Making Progress on External and Internal Fronts (Editorial February 2019)

Editorial February 2019

January 2019 has been a month of encouraging progress for Pakistan on external as well as internal fronts, with two big events, that is, Afghan peace talks and the mini-budget, dominating as the talk of the town. As for the first one, a major breakthrough was achieved in peace talks between Afghan Taliban and the United States, which was made ... Read More »

World in Focus (Nov-Dec 2018)

World in Focus Main Logo

NATIONAL Nov 16: Pakistan’s first Austro Turf cricket stadium was inaugurated in Balochistan’s Chaman city. Nov 16: CPEC media forum, organised by the China Economic Net and Pakistan-China Institute, was held in Beijing. During the forum, lawmakers and opinion-makers from China and Pakistan called for joint efforts to highlight cooperation between the two countries and counter propaganda against the CPEC ... Read More »

Sources of International Law

International Law

By: Sarfraz Saroya International law devotes a great deal of attention to its sources. Scholars have produced a large body of work about both the conditions under which treaties, customs, or general principles of law bind actors and the hierarchy among the various doctrinal forms which might apply in a given instance. International law is made largely on a decentralized ... Read More »

The Kashmir Dispute

The Kashmir Dispute

History and the Way Forward Homes dynamited, children orphaned, women widowed and half-widowed, eyes blinded, legs amputated, basic facilities destroyed, human rights violated, political rights trampled on, legal rights usurped; this is the valley of Kashmir the present state of which is exposing the reality of the United Nations Charter. It lays bare the liberal values of Western democracies, the ... Read More »

English for CSS, PMS Précis & Comprehension

Précis and Comprehension

Précis Sample Paragraph There are various ways of getting a knowledge of character—by looks, words, actions. The first of these, which seems the most superficial, is perhaps the safest, and least liable to deceive; nay, it is that which mankind, in spite of their pretending to the contrary, most generally go by. Professions pass for nothing and actions may be ... Read More »