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Study Kit

When scarcity strikes

By: Samar Quddus Water is a basic necessity of life. Since access to water has been recognised as a human right, the obligation to provide clean and safe drinking water across the globe has fallen on various government agencies. However, over one billion people across the globe do not have access to basic water supplies. Nearly half of the developing ... Read More »

Amplified policy distortions

By: Shahid Kardar TWO inextricably linked policy distortions, and poor governance, have impacted the economy’s competitiveness. They have created and reinforced potentially grim challenges in the not-too-distant-future for the financing of our external bills. These relate to: An increasingly slanted tax structure conjoined with the unpredictable interpretation of the laws that incentivise the movement of investable funds to either unproductive ... Read More »

Delayed civil service reforms

By: Fahad Ikram Qazi Reforming the civil service is prerequisite for good governance Though reforms of all sorts have become a refrain in political manifestoes of all the political parties, the fundamental civil service reforms are yet to be undertaken. The federal government initiated a process with much fanfare, yet the same has been halted with some superficial changes in ... Read More »

A story of stigma and silence

By: Maham Javaid Lack of information and awareness about the virus, delay in government intervention at the national level, persistent dearth and corruption of funds, and common misperception that HIV only affects ‘people with bad characters’ are some factors affecting the spread and prevalence of HIV/AIDS Earlier this year when Tanzil Ur Rehman, the programme manager of Dostana Male Health ... Read More »

The India doctrine

By: Dr Farrukh Saleem On December 25, 2015, Ram Madhav, the BJP’s general secretary, said, “India, Pakistan and Bangladesh will one day reunite….” In Bharatiya Ganarajya (Republic of India) Akhand Bharat or ‘Undivided India’ is not just a political slogan but Hindutva’s cultural-cum-religious belief. In 1989, the ruling BJP “adopted it as its official ideology”. In Bharatiya Ganarajya, Akhand Bharat ... Read More »

White gold crisis

By: Zulfiqar Ahmed Cotton farmers and economy have suffered a lot due to non-availability of quality Bt cotton seeds Known as ‘white gold’, cotton is the most important cash crop of a legion of farmers who grow cotton in Pakistan and is a major driver of the economy as around 55 per cent of country total exports i.e. textile exports, ... Read More »

The challenge of gender inequality

By: Ume Laila Azhar Social and economic vulnerability of women workers warrants a deeper analysis Despite the government’s commitments on gender equality, Pakistan’s ranking for gender equality remains one of the lowest in the world. Global Gender Gap Report 2015 ranks Pakistan at 143 out of 145 countries on women’s economic participation. 45.6 per cent of the Pakistani population is ... Read More »


By: Safiya Aftab Students of economic history would be interested in this exhaustive account of the workings of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) since its inception 50 years ago. Written by Australian economist Peter McCawley, who has served on the bank’s board of directors, Banking on the Future of Asia and the Pacific: 50 Years of the Asian Development Bank ... Read More »