English as a Medium of Education in Pakistan (CSS 2009)
Pakistan is a land where it is everyone’s hobby to indulge in argumentation and debate. Whether you have any knowledge about the subject of discussion or not, you can manage to continue with your self-created logics and inferences till the time your opponent accepts defeat. One amongst the many frequently and furiously debated topics under circulation in Pakistan is the use of English as a medium of education. Where those who support English as a compulsory medium of education advocate its importance being an international language and the language of a vast body of knowledge and research, those who denounce it see its use as backstabbing Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. If arguments are to be made just for the sake of arguments, they will never come to an end; however, the decision, if is to be made on the basis of logic and ground realities; it is without an iota of doubt that English needs to be adopted and promoted as the only medium of education right from grade one. This is due to the reason that the destination of development and progress can be achieved only by improving the available human resource by imparting to them quality education that is at par with international standards and adjusted in accordance with future needs. And, this is possible only by acquiring knowledge in a language that contains more than 90 percent knowledge of the world.
Status of Women in Islam (CSS 2009)
There is no denying the fact that women in the present age enjoy a very respectable and exalted status in almost all the countries of the world. Feminist movements that have been in action in both developed and developing countries for almost a century now, have irrefutably done a marvellous job in alleviating the sufferings and deprivations of women who have remained subject to tyranny and atrocities since a long time. It is, however, another undeniable reality that these feminist movements are not the first platform that has worked for women empowerment, considering them worth respect. Women were granted a far more exalted and much more respectable status nearly 1400 years ago, and it was done by the last revealed religion, that is, Islam. Indeed, it was Islam that brought a complete package of social respect and economic securities for women and this happened at the time when women were not even considered human beings. Islam categorised women as mothers, sisters, daughters and wives, and determined their status and rights accordingly. What else is needed more to understand woman’s status in Islam when one comes to know that even the paradise has been declared to be beneath the feet of mothers? It is, however, a painful reality that there is not a single Muslim country in the world at the moment that can be presented as a practical example of the embodiment of Islamic injunctions regarding the status of women.
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Food Crisis in Pakistan: Problems, Challenges and Opportunities (CSS 2009)
Nothing can be more difficult to digest than the reality that Pakistan, a country whose 45 percent population is directly or indirectly attached with agriculture, is confronting the issue of food crisis. Believe it or not; it is an undeniable reality. The agriculture sector of Pakistan is unable to fulfil the food needs of all Pakistanis in terms of quality and quantity. Many surveys conducted by independent international organisations clearly declare mal- or under-nutrition as one of the major causes of several diseases Pakistani people suffer from. Water scarcity, overpopulation, outdated agriculture techniques, absence of vertical farming and illiteracy and unawareness of farmers are the major issues impeding the overall performance and capacity of agriculture sector, thus leading to the chances of the further aggravation of the issue. On the other side, however, there are certainly some indicators like well-developed canal system, abundant labour force, conducive weather patterns and presence of excessive cultivable land which can be seen as reasonable opportunities for the successful tackling of the issue.
Coeducation: Merits and Demerits (CSS 2009)
There are no two opinions regarding the importance of education for the cultivation of human mind, leading to the formation of a civilised, responsible and well-organised society. Human societies have adopted different education models to achieve the maximum number of goals and objectives education promises. Coeducation is one of the popular education models and is gaining roots in developing countries after successfully conquering almost all the developed countries of the world. Whether coeducation-based system is good or bad has always been an excessively debated question. Where the critics point to the increasing trends of obscenity in young generation as one of the major drawbacks of the system, the supporters support it on the grounds of its cost-effectiveness, competition promotion and skills development. Logically speaking, in a society where men and women have shared responsibilities towards the achievement of social and economic goals of the society, and ultimately they have to live and work together in a close contact and coordination with one another; avoiding coeducation, ignoring all its benefits, certainly makes no sense. The system is good; and if it entails some drawbacks, they should be dealt with by adopting effective corrective measures.