An overview of Pakistan’s political history
- The game of musical chair in the first nine years
- Martial law of Ayub Khan
- Revival of democracy after the secession of East Pakistan
- The murder of democracy and Zia regime
- Era of 90s — the miracles of Article 58-2(b)
- Plane Hijacking case and martial law of Pervez Musharraf
- Controlled democracy during Musharraf regime
- Charter of Democracy and revival of democracy in Pakistan
Factors behind the derailment of democracy in the past
- Absence of patriotic, nationalist, competent and better-styled leadership
- Over-dependence on army under the influence of antagonistic and uncongenial relations with neighbouring countries
- Anaemic, impotent and spineless political institutions
- Frail, feeble and puny judiciary
- Narrow-mindedness leading to absence of national spirit
- Benighted and intransigent attitude of religious leaders
- Absence of unshackled, well-established and wide-awake media
- Evils of illiteracy, poverty and backwardness
Is democracy still vulnerable in Pakistan?
No, the situation is changed now as we have:
- a sovereign, watchful and well-founded media institution
- a vigilant and proactive civil society extremely alive to the importance of democracy
- a judiciary that appears to be contrite and remorseful for its past character
- political leadership which looks conscientious enough to protect democracy even at the cost of personal gains
- military leadership that appears to have more inclination toward fulfilling its professional responsibilities
- a recent experience of bitter repercussions of dictatorship in Musharraf regime.
Indispensability of the sustenance of democracy to the development of Pakistan
Democracy is important because it:
- bestows upon the people political maturity and wisdom and enables them to choose the best lot for managing their affairs.
- ensures consensus-based decision-making and helps in the formulation of coherent and practicable policies.
- promotes the culture of accountability and wipes out the malaises of corruption, inefficiency and nepotism.
- instils a sense of participation in the various sections of society and thus promotes national integration.
- confers the sense of freedom upon citizens and wins their loyalty to the state.
- fosters the culture of equality before law and invigorates public faith in institutions.
- brings political stability and provides an environment conducive to development and growth.
Recommendations for the further strengthening of democracy in Pakistan
Introducing meaningful electoral reforms
Strengthening local government institutions
Improving the performance of democratic governments
Bringing in purposeful regulation of media to make it more responsible and sensible
Enhancing contributory role of educational institutes
Ensuring independence of judiciary
Reforming the civil services to improve the performance of bureaucracy
- As usual, you should start the introductory paragraph with some beautiful and attention-catching sentences. In thesis statement, you should go with the topic and take the stance that democracy is secured in Pakistan now. Going against the topic is also possible but, in my opinion, it would be difficult for you to substantiate your contention with justifiable arguments.
- Introductory paragraph will be followed by 4-5 paragraphs shedding light on the political history of Pakistan. While writing these paragraphs you should avoid setting foot in unnecessary details as time management is the key to success, in essay paper particularly.
- After giving a brief on the political history of Pakistan, you will come to address the basic question of the essay i.e. ‘Is democracy still vulnerable in Pakistan?’ In this part, you are to give arguments to prove that democracy is no more vulnerable in Pakistan. You should use a new paragraph for every new argument. In total, your arguments should cover at least 5-8 pages of the answer sheet.
- In the wake of submitting arguments in the support of your thesis statement, you will highlight the importance of democracy for the progress of Pakistan. Your arguments in this part also should be extremely logical and plausible. Use of data, quotations, facts and figures, illustrations, etc. can be very helpful in this particular part.
- In the recommendations part, you should suggest such measures that may prove helpful in further securing the future of democracy in Pakistan. As I always advise that recommendations should by no means be a wish list, your recommendations should not only be highly result-oriented but practicable as well. Writing “Recommendation Paragraphs” is an art. In the first sentence of every “Recommendation Paragraph,” recommendation is presented in a very unequivocal way. In the next sentences of the para, ways and means are described through which the proposed recommendation can be implemented. Generally, a “Recommendation Paragraph,” consists of 4-5 sentences.
- In concluding paragraphs, summarize all that has been discussed in the essay. Average length of concluding paragraph is approximately 8-12 sentences.