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WORLD WAR I

WORLD WAR I

Introduction The First World War (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe. Breaking out on 28th July 1914, with the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie, the war spanned exactly four years, three months and 14 days and ended on 11th November 1918. Including almost all the big powers of the world, …

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Political Science Nature and Scope

Political Science

Man is a social animal. He cannot live in isolation, because he is not self-sufficient and the natural instinct to survive compels him to live a collective life. According to Aristotle, this collective life necessitates a political mechanism of rules, regulations and leadership. An organized society needs some system to make and enforce rules for orderly behaviour in society. This …

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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

By: Anna Kazmi Psychology is basically the way the human brain functions; how its functioning affects one’s mentality, how that mentality affects one’s behaviour, and how that behaviour aids in or restricts one from living one’s life as one wants to. A psychological disorder, also known as mental disability, can occur at any stage of life – it can be …

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HAPPINESS IS A CHOICE

HAPPINESS IS A CHOICE

Happiness depends upon ourselves. “Happiness is an expression of the soul in considered activities.” (Aristotle) Happiness is a choice we make. If it stems from within, it has purity and sustainability. If it is induced by external factors, it shall not only be bound by confines of time, but shall also remain enslaved and hostage to the factor. External conditions …

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THE UNITED NATIONS Failures, Snags and Reforms

UNITED NATIONS

By: Abdul Rasool Syed Ensuring peace has been a primordial and universal aspiration of the mankind inhabiting the globe. The enlightened people, groups and nations have, from time to time, taken various initiatives in this respect. The urgency to establish an international organization for building peace was vehemently felt for the first time after the catastrophic events of the two …

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Disability can be a physical limitation but nothing can limit a person’s skills and talents

Disability can be a physical limitation but nothing can limit a person's skills and talents

“Without imperfection I and you would not exist” — (Stephen Hawking) Nothing can hide the talent and skills of a person. It is a known fact that talented and skilful people, even disabled, always shine like stars. However, the term ‘disabled’ has more social connotations than the medical ones as it creates a demarcation line between who is able and …

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Zalmay Khalilzad’s Peace Drive and the Challenges Ahead

Zalmay Khalilzad

Zalmay Khalilzad, a veteran US diplomat, has been tasked, by Trump administration of the United States of America, with leading efforts to end the drawn-out war in Afghanistan, and planning a result-oriented peace dialogue directly with the Taliban representatives. Mr Khalilzad is a blunt interlocutor having a history of hawkish views on foreign policy issues. He has decades of experience …

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71 Years of Independence

71 Years of Independence

By: Qurat ul Ain Aman and the key to a Bright Future We are proud citizens of Pakistan. The élan, gallantry and talent that Pakistanis are blessed with is unmatchable and is difficult to be found in the people of any other country. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah had envisioned a country where every citizen would be allowed to live freely. Under …

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MCQs from Past Papers

MCQs from Past Papers

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English for CSS, PMS Précis and Comprehension

Précis and Comprehension

Précis Sample Paragraph A stamp is, to many people, just a slip of paper that takes a letter from one town or country to another. They are unable to understand why we stamp-collectors find so much pleasure in collecting them and how we find the time in which to indulge in our hobby. To them, it seems a waste of …

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