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Islamic Aspects of Iqbal’s Poetry


The poetry of Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal proves beyond an iota of doubt that he was a true believer (MOMIN) and an avowed practicing Muslim. He lived his life according to the dynamics and golden principles of Islam. In line with the true spirit of Islam, Iqbal reached the zenith in the field of knowledge, and through the medium of poetry, he exhorted the Muslims to ameliorate their conditions in literacy and education. He kindled the lamp of freedom in the hearts of Muslims of the Subcontinent by enunciating the Two-Nation theory in his famous Allahabad Address of 1930. He was of the opinion that Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent cannot achieve their political rights unless they improve their educational standards.

In terms of religion, Iqbal had forward-looking, moderate, enlightened and balanced views as he emphasized on logic and reasoning. He averred having bigoted, narrow-minded, shortsighted, extremist and conservative religious views. In this regard, he wrote the book “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam” – a compilation of lectures delivered by him on Islamic philosophy, published in 1930 – in which Iqbal called for a re-examination of the intellectual foundations of Islamic philosophy. The book is a superlative work on modern Islamic thought.

Iqbal was an advocate of interfaith and sectarian harmony. He preached the message of unity and brotherhood among Muslims and asked them to shun ethnic, linguistic, sectarian and territorial differences and to hold the rope of Allah Almighty tightly as commanded by Allah Almighty in verse 103 of Surrah Al-e-Imran which states:

“And hold fast, all of you together, to the rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves”

This aspect has been mentioned in the language of poetry by Iqbal in the following way:

Break the idols of colour and blood and
become lost in the community.
Let neither Turanians, Iranians nor Afghan remain.

At another place he says:

The individual is firm by nation’s coherence, otherwise nothing
The wave is only in the ocean, and outside it is nothing

In consonance with the teachings of Quran and Sunnah, Iqbal advised the Muslims to be kind and cooperative to each other and to cope with intrigues of non-Muslims wisely and prudently as commanded by Allah Almighty in verse 29 of Surah Fath which states:


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