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HUMAN RIGHTS IN AID OF HUMANITY AND SOCIETY

HUMAN RIGHTS IN AID OF HUMANITY AND SOCIETY

There is no blinking at the fact that human rights have played an important role in promotion of a good society by making the concepts of humanity and human dignity popular. Throughout the human history, autocratic governments have violated the fundamental concept of human dignity, and rights of human beings were violated on a large scale. Human rights are important in the relationships that exist between individuals and the government that has power over them. However, human rights mean that this power is limited. States have to look after the basic needs of the people and protect their freedoms.

The following discussion discourses the importance of human rights in aid of humanity and promotion of a good society.

Relationship between human rights and development

Human rights and development both aim to promote wellbeing and freedom, based on the inherent dignity and equality of all people. The concern of human development is the realization of basic freedoms, such as having the choice to meet bodily requirements or to escape preventable diseases.

Corruption and human rights

Corruption compromises states’ ability to fulfil their obligation to promote, respect and protect human rights of individuals within their jurisdictions. The consequences of corruption are multiple; violating almost all the basic human rights — civil and political, economic, social and cultural rights. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 – and most notably in this regard, SDG 16 – awareness has spread within the UN system on the detrimental impact of corruption on human rights.

Human rights and development

The Declaration on the Right to Development is now in its thirty-second year, yet remains as divisive as it was at the time of its adoption on 4 December 1986. While proponents of the right assert its relevance or primacy, sceptics relegate it to secondary importance or even deny its existence altogether. In 2016, the 30th anniversary of the Declaration and the adoption of the SDGs (which explicitly recognize the right to development), and that of the Paris Agreement on climate change presented a new opportunity to replace this division with a common understanding, among states and other key stakeholders, as to what the right to development actually is; what it means; why it is important; and how it should be realized.

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