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Revolutionizing Connectivity through Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

Revolutionizing Connectivity through Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

In the contemporary world, the connectivity phenomenon is having its deep roots and it can be easily seen in theoretical world as well as practical fields in maintaining dynamic relations among states. Either to discuss the realist or the liberalist, one thing is common; they are concerned about survival; sustain life and living. Realism is one of the oldest paradigms in International Relations and it is “a spectrum of ideas” based on shared principles about what determines states’ behaviours towards one another. China’s idea of revolutionizing connectivity revolves around survival; sustain life and living, which is also the need of the hour for China as well as the developing countries. The instant article aims to discuss the BRI and its six economic corridors

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an initiative taken by Chinese president Xi Jinping to build (i) Silk Road Economic Belt; and (ii) the Twenty-first-century Maritime Silk Road, to expedite the implementation of the Initiative under “Silk Road Spirit” which is “peace and cooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit” based on the idea of “Connectivity”.

The Silk Road Spirit is having a deep bond with the phenomenon of connectivity between different civilizations of the world as it was in the days of the Old Silk Road (OSR). The OSR was not just a road; it was a cradle of great heritage of human civilizations belonging from different vibrant regions such as South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East up to the Roman Empire (Mediterranean Sea).

The BRI was first propagated by Chinese president Xi Jiping in 2013, during his visit to Central and Southeast Asia in September and October of 2013, where he raised the initiative with the forename of “The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road”.

The Chinese idea of BRI is based on futuristic economic relationship among China’s neighbours and even beyond. It is now an upgraded version that emphasizes the mega-scale connectivity through vibrant corridors of road, railways and maritime linkages. This forms vital portion of the OSR.

The BRI comprises five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence i.e. Mutual respect for each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, Mutual non-aggression, Mutual non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, Equality and mutual benefit, and Peaceful coexistence.

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About Saadia Saif Niazi

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The writer is a lecturer in International Relations at NUML, Islamabad. She can be reached at:

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