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The 2nd Caliph of Islam Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (RA)

The 2nd Caliph of Islam Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (RA)

An ever-green plant that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had beseeched the Creator to beautify the garden of Islam with was Hazrat Abu Hafs Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA), also known as Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (RA). He (RA) was highly sagacious, extremely wise, completely just, and possessed a privileged personality for whose acceptance of Islam the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had implored his Lord in the solitude of nights. Known for his piety and justice, Hazrat Umar (RA) was among the most significant political and religious actors of Islam even after the demise of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He (RA) served as the second caliph of Islam and played a key role in regulating the institutions of the young caliphate and became a symbol of justice because of his meticulous statesmanship. As a follower of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) He (RA) was a dedicated person who never fell short of demonstrating his commitment towards Islam and the final Messenger (PBUH).

Introduction and Early Life

Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (RA) is a mighty figure in Islamic history as he rendered meritorious services for the cause of Islam. His real name was Umar while Farooq was his title. Abu Hafsa was his patronymic name. The name of his father was Khattab. He (RA) belonged to Bani Adi clan of Quraysh tribe. He (RA) was associated with profession of trade. Even prior to embracing Islam, he (RA) was held in esteem in Makkah on account of his diplomatic skills and insight, and Quraysh used to send him as their emissary for resolving disputes with other tribes. He (RA) was an excellent orator and was well versed in warfare. He (RA) entered into the fold of Islam after 40 men and 11 women.

During the initial days of Islam, there were only (17) seventeen literate people in Quraysh; Hazrat (RA) was one of them. His conversion to Islam was the result of supplication of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) who had prayed: “O Allah, give strength to Islam through the conversion to Islam of either one of the two Umars,” [Umar bin Khattab or Umar bin Hasham (later known as Abu Jahal)]. His acceptance of Islam materialized in a strange manner. When the Holy Prophet (PBUH) commenced preaching of Islam, the Quraysh of Makkah became his staunch adversary and so did Hazrat Umar (RA).

Embracing Islam

One day, he (RA) while he was on his way to the abode of Holy Prophet (PBUH) with an ulterior motive – according to the famous anecdote, he (RA) wanted to kill the Prophet (PBUH). Along the way, somebody told him that his sister Fatima (RA) and his brother-in-law Said (RA) had converted to Islam and were reading the Quran at home. So, he (RA) changed his direction and came to her sister’s house. When he (RA) reached there, he saw them reciting something (verses of Surah Ta-Ha) from a written stuff. They tried to hide that material. Hazrat Umar (RA) became so angry that he beat the two of them without hesitation or mercy. Yet, Fatima did not back down and had enough courage to stand up her enraged brother, explaining that both of them had accepted the teachings of Muhammad (PBUH) and had converted to Islam. After his sister’s speech, Hazrat Umar (RA) softened his attitude and asked Fatima (RA) to read the Quran to him. After listening to the recitation of the Quran for a while, he (RA) made up his mind and went to the prophet (PBUH) to learn how to become a Muslim. He, thus, entered the fold of Islam.

Read More: Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA)


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