Masood Ahmad Khan Pak Ambassador to China
China has adopted a policy of peaceful engagement with her neighbours for the last 30 years. This policy has helped China in its economic development. But the Chinese have kept one thing clear that they have remained firm on their principled stance whether on the question of Taiwan, North China Sea or any other issue. Certainly they want cooperation and peaceful settlement of disputes in South Asia.
Q: with the Nato attack on our western borders and consistent US pressure on Pakistan, what is significance of Pak-China friendship?
Ans: Pak-China friendship is of a fundamental significance for ensuring peace and stability in the region. There is a consensus between the two countries to make collective efforts for regional peace. They have pledged to remain proactive for peace. I believe the collective efforts of Pakistan and China act as a balancing factor for regional stability.
Q. Leave apart the question of regional stability, Pakistan’s sovereignty has been violated. What is the Chinese perspective on this issue?
Ans: There is absolute trust between Pakistan and China which is a precious commodity. Pakistan independence and sovereignty is quite sacred to the people of Pakistan and we have to defend it ourselves. Pakistan has always stood shoulder to shoulder with China on all occasions whether it is the issue of Taiwan, Tibet or Xinjiang. Similar has been the position of China. China has a principled position that national sovereignty and territorial integrity of Pakistan must be respected. China has emphasized upon the international community to recognize the contribution and sacrifices of Pakistan in the war against terror. China has asked the world to assist Pakistan and refrain from creating troubles for Pakistan.
Q: What was your feedback about Chinese support to Pakistan in the Envoys Conference?
Ans: When China expresses such a position or puts forward its logical perspective, it in fact upholds the international law. International law is a universal fact which cannot be violated. China leadership perceives any threat to Pakistan as a threat to China. Therefore, they try to support Pakistan because they think Pakistan as a true friend.
Q. How can China support this true friend(Pakistan) when its sovereignty is violated?
Ans: China has always assisted in improving Pakistan economy. China has always helped in capacity building in terms of defence of Pakistan. Both are strategic partners and they know how to endure their partnership.
Q: How do you think whether Chinese try to prevail upon the world in favour of Pakistan or just express their solidarity with us?
Ans: We should always remember that Pak-China friendship is not built for any war rather it is for ensuring peace and stability. China wants removal of differences in the region. China always try to make other powers realize about these facts whether on the international fora or during their bilateral diplomatic engagements. China is always helpful but I will remind you again that the primary responsibility of defending our sovereignty is ours own.
Q: What is Chinese perspective on Pak-India peace process?
Ans: If we want to learn from China, then the Chinese have adopted a policy of peaceful engagement with its neighbours for the last 30 years. This policy has helped China in its economic development. But the Chinese have kept one thing clear that they have remained firm on their principled stance whether on the question of Taiwan, North China Sea or other issues. Certainly they want cooperation and peaceful settlement of disputes in South Asia. They have associated themselves with SAARC for this purpose. This will help South Asian countries to forge economic connectivity. Thereby, the South Asian countries can set a direction for shared prosperity.
Q: China has taken a particular position on Pak-India trade relations. Can You elaborate Chinese perspective?
Ans: China has taken care of economic connectivity and has given it a lot of importance in its own foreign policy. It has maintained economic connectivity with Japan, Republic of Korea and even with India despite its issues with these countries. When we are trying to improve our trade relations with India, China will encourage us.
Q:When cabinet accorded in principle approval to granting MFN status to india, China welcomed it alongwith the United States. Can you elaborate the Chinese policy?
Ans: China has always endeavoured that its neighbourhood remains prosperous and peaceful. And that is why China welcomed that. But the important is that there will be no compromise on the principles.
Q: You also attended Envoys Conference to review foreign policy of Pakistan. What was the most important aspect the conference?
Ans: We all agreed on one thing that only the Foreign Office Spokesman will speak about it. So I am bound by the decision. However, there has emerged one thing very prominently from the conference and that is the supremacy of the Parliament.