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Current Political Situation of Pakistan


Current Political Situation of Pakistan

Zainab Zahra

The politics in Pakistan is done within the framework established by the constitution of the country. The country is a federal parliamentary republic in which provincial governments enjoy a higher degree of autonomy and power. Executive power is vested in the federal cabinet which is headed by the prime minister – the head of the government – who works coherently along with the bicameral parliament and the judicature. The head of state is the president who is elected for a five-year term. The president wielded significant powers until the 18th amendment was passed in 2010, which stripped the presidency of its major powers. Since then, Pakistan has been shifted from a Semi-presidential system to a purely parliamentary one.

Pakistan is a multiparty democracy where several political parties vie for seats in the National and provincial assemblies. However, a two-party system has largely prevailed in the country, especially since the promulgation of the 1973 constitution. Besides big parties like Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), there has been a sharp rise in the popularity of centrist parties, e.g. PML-Q and PTI which is currently ruling the country. Pakistani military has also been a player in country’s politics (four coups were staged between 1958 and 1999); however, after the resignation of Pervez Musharraf in August 2008, a sharp line has been drawn between the military and politics. Nonetheless, it is also true that no Prime Minister has been able to serve a full five-year term in office.

Pakistan is a developing country that is, unfortunately, politically unstable. But, we live in a world where everything is possible. In Pakistani politics, we see a clear domination of a few families.

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