Pakistan’s Enduring Governance Challenges
It is the quality and features of governance that translate the extent of peace and stability and prospects of economic development in a country. The word governance is derived from the Greek word ‘kubernaein’, meaning steering or piloting. It was also used by Plato concerning how to design a realm of rule. In contemporary political literature, the term ‘governance’ has gained currency after it was first coined by the World Bank in 1980s in its development reports. Since then, it has evolved from a narrow definition used by the World Bank as the “the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources” to the broader definition as “the sum of the many ways in which individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs” as adopted by the Commission on Global Governance. So, governance, today, refers to something broader than a government. Though there is no consensus on its conceptual framework, it is an agreed-upon fact that it rests on the principles of justice, freedom, equality and accountability.
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