14 October 2016, Daily National & International Current Affairs


Oct 14: A Corps Commanders conference was held at the GHQ in Rawalpindi.


  1. The conference was attended by all corps commanders and principal staff officers.
  2. COAS Gen Raheel Sharif called for sustained efforts to defeat all hostile attempts to reverse the gains of Operation Zarb-i-Azb.
  3. He emphasised the need for effectively addressing the challenges to internal security.
  4. He vowed to foil the attempts aimed at reversing the gains.
  5. He reiterated the Pakistan Army`s resolve to defend the country`s geographical borders at all costs.
  6. The Conference resolved to continue the sustained and focused combing and intelligence-based operations across the length and breadth of the country to uproot terrorism, harmonising it with the implementation of the National Action Plan to address extremism and other causes of terrorism.
  7. They also vowed to defend the motherland against full spectrum of threat and warned the enemy that any misadventure would evoke a telling response.
  8. The absurd Indian claim of carrying out surgical strikes on this side of the LoC was vehemently rejected.

Oct 14: Entomologists of the GCU, Lahore, successfully genetically modified the aedes aegypti mosquito to block the transmission of dengue virus to humans.


  1. The team of GCU entomologists used Wolbachia, a genus of bacteria, as a biological agent for the genetic modification of the laboratory-reared aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
  2. The Wolbachia-based technique makes the mosquito incapable of carrying and transmitting dengue viruses.
  3. Wolbachia carrying aedes has been released in many countries, such as, Australia, Brazil, Indonesia and Vietnam, with no negative impact on public health and ecology.
  4. Wolbachia provides a safe strategy because the bacteria are naturally present in a large population of insects.
  5. This is the only novel approach for the sustainable control of dengue disease in Pakistan.
  6. This approach is economic (reduces insecticide cost and problem of resistance in vector mosquitoes) and environment friendly.

About Aedes Aegypti

  1. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main vector that transmits the viruses that cause dengue.
  2. The viruses are passed on to humans through the bites of an infective female Aedes mosquito.
  3. It mainly acquires the virus while feeding on the blood of an infected person.

Key Fact on Dengue

  1. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection.
  2. The infection causes flu-like illness, and occasionally develops into a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue.
  3. The global incidence of dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades. About half of the world’s population is now at risk.
  4. Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, mostly in urban and semi-urban areas.
  5. Severe dengue is a leading cause of serious illness and death among children in some Asian and Latin American countries.
  6. There is no specific treatment for dengue/ severe dengue, but early detection and access to proper medical care lowers fatality rates below 1%.
  7. Dengue prevention and control depends on effective vector control measures.

Oct 14: The Ministry of Interior removed the name of Cyril Almeida from the ECL.

Oct 14: the Ministry of National Health Services (NHS) has finally imposed a ban on the import of all kinds of sheesha, its substances and flavoured tobacco.

Key Facts on Sheesha Smoking

  1. According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2015, around 3.7 million adults were using sheesha in Pakistan.
  2. A typical one hour-long sheesha smoking session involved inhaling of 100-200 times the volume of smoke inhaled with a single cigarette.
  3. Tobacco use is the single largest preventable cause of death in the world.
  4. In Pakistan, it causes the death of around 108,800 people every year.
  5. Around 1,200 Pakistani children between the age of 6 and 15 start smoking every day.

Note: According to the WHO advisory note, using a sheesha to smoke tobacco poses a serious health hazard to smokers and others exposed to the smoke emitted. Even in case of use of tobacco-free sheesha, people are still at the risk of carbon monoxide and any toxins in the coal or charcoal used to burn the sheesha.

Oct 14: The Sindh government issued directives to close the wedding halls by 10pm and markets and shops by 7pm effective from November 1. Besides, the one-dish rule at weddings will also become effective from the same date.

Oct 14: The Supreme Court appointed a commission of experts for re-verification of the environmental assessment reports on the Rs45 billion Orange Line Metro Train (OLMT) project of Lahore.

Heritage sites involved

  1. The Shalamar Garden 2. Gulabi Bagh Gateway 3. Buddhu ka Awa
  2. Chauburji 5. Zebunnisa’s Tomb 6. Lakshmi Building
  3. General Post Office 8. Aiwan-i-Auqaf 9. Supreme Court’s Lahore registry
  4. St Andrews Presbyterian Church 11. Baba Mauj Darya Bukhari’s Shrine

Oct 14: Azhar Ali became the first century-maker in day and night format of Test cricket.

  • He went on to score a double and then a triple hundred, also a first in day-night Tests.
  • Azhar became only the second triple century maker for Pakistan against the West Indies after Hanif Mohammad (337) at Bridgetown in 1957.

Oct 14: The Sindh Government made mandatory for teaching the Sindh language in all the schools of the province.

Oct 14: India torpedoed a $35 million Pakistani proposal to protect communities in the northern areas of the country which are vulnerable to floods from overflowing glacial lakes.

Key Facts

  1. The Ministry of Climate Change (MoCC) had submitted a $35 million project in the Green Climate Fund (GCF), a United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) mechanism to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
  2. The project was aimed at addressing the mounting risk of glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) in Pakistan’s northern areas where average temperatures continue to rise and cause glaciers to melt at a much faster rate.
  3. It was among a list of projects lined up for GCF’s consideration at its fourth board meeting.
  4. The project was discussed at the fourteenth meeting of the GCF’s board held in Songdo, South Korea from October 12 to 14.
  5. India, one of the board members of the body representing the Asia-Pacific region along with China and Saudi Arabia, opposed the project.


Oct 14: Lawmakers in the small Belgian region of Wallonia voted to block an EU-Canada trade deal.

Oct 14: A British court dismissed the claims of Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) that Goldman Sachs Libyan officials into investments worth $1.2 billion (1.1bn euros).

Oct 14: China`s president Xi Jinping reached Banglade4sh on a two-day visit.


  1. President Xi is the first Chinese president to visit Bangladesh in three decades.
  2. China is Bangladesh’s largest trading partner.
  3. President Xi will sign loan and investment agreements worth around $20 billion.
  4. He will also formally open an industrial park near the strategic port of Chittagong.
  5. The special economic zone alone can bring in $5-$7 billion in Chinese investment.
  6. Bangladesh’s $28 billion garment manufacturing industry is the world’s second largest after China’s.
  7. It accounts for 80pc of the Bangladesh’s annual shipments and employs some 40pc of its industrial workforce.

Oct 14: Russia inaugurated a controversial and first-ever monument to Ivan the Terrible, a 16th-century tyrant.

About the Tsar

  1. Tsar Ivan IV Vasilyevich was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and ‘Tsar of All the Russias’ from 1547 until his death in 1584.
  2. He earned the moniker ‘Terrible’ due to his brutal policy of oprichnina, which included the creation of a secret police that spread mass terror and executed thousands of people.
  3. Under his long reign Russia conquered the Khanate of Kazan, Khanate of Astrakhan and Khanate of Sibir,
  4. Ivan revised the law code, creating the Sudebnik of 1550, founded a standing army (the streltsy), established the Zemsky Sobor (the first Russian parliament of the feudal Estates type) and the council of the nobles (known as the Chosen Council), and confirmed the position of the Church with the Council of the Hundred Chapters (Stoglavy Synod), which unified the rituals and ecclesiastical regulations of the whole country.
  5. By Ivan’s order in 1553 the Moscow Print Yard was established and the first printing press was introduced to Russia.
  6. Ivan had St. Basil’s Cathedral constructed in Moscow to commemorate the seizure of Kazan.

Oct 14: The US State Department announced that effective Nov 1 passport and visa applicants must remove glasses for passport and visa photographs.

Oct 14: Israel suspended cooperation with Unesco after the organisation adopted two resolutions on the occupied Palestinian territories including annexed east Jerusalem.

Oct 14: World Egg Day was observed.

  1. World Egg Day was established at the International Egg Commission (IEC) Vienna 1996 conference.
  2. The Day is observed on the second Friday in October each year.
  3. The first World Egg Day was celebrated in 1996.

6 reasons why you should eat eggs regularly

  1. Eggs are extremely nutritious: Eggs are a rich source of protein, as well as vitamins (such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B12, Vitamin D) and minerals (such as potassium, zinc, calcium and selenium), which are extremely good for the body and metabolism.
  2. Eggs enhance HDL (good) cholesterol: There are two types of cholesterol are found in our body. The good cholesterol is High Density Lipoprotien (HDL) and the bad cholesterol Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL). Eggs naturally enhance HDL, and in addition, helps lower the risk of cardiac arrest, along with many other heart and health diseases.
  3. Eggs are important for brain development: Eggs contain choline, which helps in brain development and functioning. Just one egg contains more than 100mg of choline, which helps sharpen your mind.
  4. Eggs contain antioxidants: Eggs are rich sources of antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin, which are good for the eyes, and helps prevent harmful diseases and infection. In addition, it lowers the chances of age-related diseases. This is particularly in the yolk, which is why people are advised not to leave the yolk, as it is rich in Vitamin A. Deficiency of Vitamin A is a major cause of blindness.
  5. It is filling, and thus, reduces excessive food intake: Egg is the most filling breakfast. By incorporating eggs in your breakfast, you reduce the chances of feeling hungry frequently as eggs keep your stomach full.
  6. Eggs are good for healthier nails and hair: It is rich in sulphur-containing amino acids with many vitamins and minerals, which helps keep your hair and nails healthy and shiny.

Oct 14: For the first time in its almost 500-year history, the Roman Catholic Jesuit order elected a non-European, Arturo Sosa, 67, a Venezuelan with a doctorate in political science, as its leader, a post informally known as the “black pope”.

Oct 14: Wonder Woman was named an Honorary Ambassador of the United Nations as part of a larger campaign to promote equality for girls and women around the world.

About Wonder Woman

  1. Wonder Woman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
  2. It was created by the American psychologist and writer William Moulton Marston, with his wife and co-creator Elizabeth Holloway Marston, and artist H. G. Peter.
  3. The character first appeared in All Star Comics #8 in December 1941 and first cover-dated on Sensation Comics #1, January 1942.
  4. Wonder Woman title has been published by DC Comics almost continuously except for a brief hiatus in 1986.
  5. Wonder Woman will be officially appointed Oct. 21, which is the 75th anniversary of the character’s debut.
  6. Wonder Woman’s character is the most iconic and well known female comic book superhero in the world, known for her strength, fairness and compassion, and her commitment to justice, peace and equality.

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