19 October 2016, Daily National & International Current Affairs

National

Regasified Liquefied Natural Gas (RLNG)

Oct 19: Pemra approved a complete ban on airing of Indian content in Pakistan from October 21.

Oct 19: The federal government lifted a ban on deployment of police personnel with United Nations peace missions.

Oct 19: Bisma Khan secured Pakistan’s first gold at the South Asian aquatic Championships being held in Sri Lanka.

Oct 19: The much-awaited Pakistan Super League (PSL) Draft 2016, kicked off at the Dubai Sports City.

Complete List of Players

http://tribune.com.pk/story/1202232/psl-draft-kick-off-dubai-wednesday/

International

Oct 19: Microsoft was given provisional accreditation by India’s ministry of electronics and information technology, making it one of the first providers to offer global cloud services and enabling it to deliver its cloud solutions to government agencies and departments.

Oct 19: Germany federal cabinet approved a draft law that paves the way for nuclear power plant operators to pay 23.5 billion euros toward managing atomic waste.

Under the law:

  1. Four firms — Vattenfall, EON, RWE and EnBW — will pay the money into a state fund for temporary and permanent nuclear waste storage by 2022.
  2. Beyond the 23.5 billion euros ($26 billion) for waste management, the firms will remain financially and legally responsible for shutting down and dismantling the plants and preparing all remaining nuclear waste for permanent storage.
  3. The remainder of a total 40 billion euros of provisions they have set aside to cover the nuclear phase-out is earmarked for those costs.

Oct 19: Professor Stephen Hawking opened the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (CFI), a research centre at Britain’s Cambridge University.

About CFI

  1. The centre is a collaboration between the universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial College London, and Berkeley, California.
  2. The CFI will delve into AI applications ranging from smartphones to robot surgeons and “Terminator” style military droids.
  3. It has been funded by a £10 million (11.2 million-euro, $12.3-million) grant from the Leverhulme Trust.
  4. It will bring together researchers from multiple disciplines to work with industry representatives and policymakers on different projects
  5. The projects range from regulation of autonomous weapons to the implications of AI for democracy.

Oct 19: Japan’s Morinari Watanabe became the president of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG).

About Morinari Watanabe

  1. Watanabe, currently, is the secretary general of the Japan Gymnastics Association.
  2. He is the first Asian to head FIG and the first Japanese president of an Olympic international federation since Ichiro Ogimura headed the International Table Tennis Federation from 1987-1994.
  3. He defeated Georges Guelzec, who is head of the European Union of Gymnastics.
  4. Watanabe will replace 82-year-old Italian Bruno Grandi, who is stepping down as president in December after 20 years in charge.

About FIG

  1. FIG is the world’s oldest existing international sports organisation
  2. It was originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics.
  3. It had three member countries—Belgium, France and the Netherlands—until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.
  4. The federation sets the rules, known as the Code of Points, that regulate how gymnasts’ performances are evaluated.
  5. As of 2015, there were 144 federations affiliated with the FIG and four associated federations, as well as four Continental Unions: (1) European Union of Gymnastics (UEG), (2) Pan-American Gymnastic Union (PAGU); (3) Asian Gymnastic Union (AGU); and (4) African Gymnastics Union (UAG)

Formation: 23 July 1881, in Liège, Belgium

Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland

Oct 19: The disc-shaped 577-kg (1,272 lb) Schiaparelli Lander landed on Mars.

About Schiaparelli

  1. It is named for Giovanni Schiaparelli, the Italian astronomer who, in 1877, began mapping the topography of Mars.
  2. Schiaparelli is part of the European-Russian ExoMars programme, which will search for signs of past and present life on Mars.
  3. It represents only the second European attempt to land a craft on the red planet.
  4. Britain’s Beagle 2 was ejected from the Mars Express spacecraft in 2003 but never made contact after failing to deploy its solar panels upon landing

Quest for Mars

Landing on Mars, Earth’s neighbour some 35 million miles (56 million km) away, is a notoriously difficult task that has bedevilled most Russian efforts and given NASA trouble as well. A seemingly hostile environment on Mars has not detracted from its allure, with US President Barack Obama recently highlighting his pledge to send people to the planet by the 2030s.

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