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25 – 26 October 2016, Daily National and International Current Affairs

National

Oct 25: The Sindh government issued orders to register all immigrants living in Karachi metropolis, including slum areas, and on its outskirts.

Oct 25: Serena Hotels was conferred the World Travel Award (WTA) for third consecutive year.

Oct 25: World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016 ranked Pakistan as the second-worst country in the world for gender inequality for the second consecutive year.

Highlights

  1. Iceland took the top spot for the 8th consecutive year, followed by Finland in second and Norway in third place.
  2. The United States ranks 45.
  3. Pakistan ranks 143 out of 144 countries in the index, way behind Bangladesh and India which rank 72nd and 87th respectively. Sri Lanka ranks 100th, Nepal 110th, the Maldives 115th and Bhutan 121st.
  4. The only country ranked below Pakistan is Yemen (144), while Syria is one place ahead at 142.
  5. Pakistan is also the worst performing state in South Asia.

Pakistan’s Rankings in Recent Years

2013: 135th                 2014: 141st                 2015: 143rd

Oct 25: Pakistan defeated West Indies by 133 runs to take an unassailable 2-0 lead in the series.

Oct 25: Pakistan athletes won five medals — three gold, one silver and one bronze — in International Biathle-Triathle World Championships.

Oct 25: With ensuring a Test series win against West Indies, Pakistan’s Misbah ul Haq became most successful Asian captain, by winning his 10th series.

Highlights

  1. He has surpassed Indian duo of Saurav Ganguly and MS Dhoni, who both had won nine Test series each.
  2. For Pakistan, next to Misbah is Javed Miandad who had led Pakistan in eight series victories.

Most Test wins as Captain (Asian captains only):

 Captain

 Matches

 Won

 Lost

 Draw

 Win Percentage

 MS Dhoni (Ind)

 60

 27

 18

 15

 45.00

 Misbah-ul-Haq (Pak)

 48

 24

 13

 11

 50.00

 Sourav Ganguly (Ind)

 49

 21

 13

 15

 42.85

 Sanath Jayasuriya (SL)

 38

 18

 12

  8

 47.36

 Mahela Jayawardene (SL)

 38

 18

 12

  8

 47.36

Most successful Captains for Pakistan:

 Captain

 Matches

 Won

 Lost

 Draw

 Win Percentage

 Misbah-ul-Haq

 48

 24

 13

 11

 50.00

 Javed Miandad

 35

 14

  5

 14

 41.17

 Imran Khan

 48

 14

  8

 26

 29.16

 Wasim Akram

 25

 12

  8

  5

 48.00

Oct 25: Pakistan and Iran agreed to enhance cooperation and contact on issues of mutual interest between the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) and anti-corruption institutions in Tehran.

Oct 26: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) declined to commit funds for the $14 billion Diamer-Bhasha dam project.

Oct 26: The 15th ministerial meeting of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) programme was held in Islamabad.

Oct 26: Pakistan was ranked 144th out of 190 economies for 2017 on the Word Bank’s Ease of Doing Business (EODB) Index.

Highlights

  1. Pakistan has jumped four ranks from its position last year — from 148th to 144th out of 190 countries.
  2. Pakistan witnessed a remarkable improvement mainly in three areas: Registering Property, Getting Credit and Trade Across Borders.

Most improved economies in 2015/16

Bahrain, Belarus, Brunei Darussalam, Georgia, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Pakistan, Serbia, and the United Arab Emirates,

About the Index

The World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Report and the WEF’s Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) are the main sources of assessing the competitiveness of economies. The report is based on its Enterprise Survey while the GCI is based on the Executive Opinion Survey. At times, the findings appear unrealistic, which is also because of lack of proactive approach by state institutions. The GCI’s survey is relatively more representative as it captures the perception of people in about half a dozen cities.

How rankings are set

The World Bank’s report focuses on the “underlying and embedded characteristics such as the regulatory system, the efficacy of bureaucracy and the nature of business governance.”

It gathers information from 10 areas of business regulation including starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency to develop the ease of doing business ranking.

The information on these factors, which make up the EODB variable, is assessed and in turn used to rank country performance by way of business friendliness.

Complete Report at:

http://www.doingbusiness.org/~/media/WBG/DoingBusiness/Documents/Annual-Reports/English/DB17-Report.pdf

Oct 26: Lahore High Court declared the appointment of Environment Protection Agency (EPA) Director General Dr Javed Iqbal as illegal.

International

Oct 24: The United Nations Day was observed.

Highlights

  1. The day marks the entry into force of the UN Charter (the founding document of UNO) on 24 October 1945.
  2. On this day the Charter was ratified by the original five permanent members of the Security Council — China, France, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (now Russia), United Kingdom, and United States and majority of the other signatories.
  3. The United Nations General Assembly had declared 24 October as the United Nations Day by adopting Resolution 2782 in 1971.
  4. The day is devoted making people aware of the aims and achievements of the United Nations Organization.
  5. This day is part of United Nations Week, which runs from 20 to 26 October.

Significance of the UN Charter

With the ratification of UN Charter, the United Nations officially came into existence. It is a constituent treaty and all signatory members are bound by its articles. Furthermore, Article 103 of the UN Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations. Most countries in the world have now ratified the Charter.

Global Gender Gap Report 2016

Complete List

Rank

Economy

Score

1

Iceland

0.881

2

Norway

0.85

3

Finland

0.85

4

Sweden

0.823

5

Ireland

0.807

6

Rwanda

0.794

7

Philippines

0.79

8

Switzerland

0.785

9

Slovenia

0.784

10

New Zealand

0.782

11

Germany

0.779

12

Nicaragua

0.776

13

Netherlands

0.776

14

Denmark

0.767

15

France

0.761

16

Namibia

0.76

17

South Africa

0.759

18

United Kingdom

0.758

19

Belgium

0.753

20

Latvia

0.752

21

Estonia

0.749

22

Bolivia

0.749

23

Burundi

0.748

24

Barbados

0.744

25

Spain

0.742

26

Moldova

0.742

27

Mozambique

0.741

28

United States

0.74

29

Cuba

0.74

30

Canada

0.74

31

Lithuania

0.74

32

Luxembourg

0.738

33

Ecuador

0.738

34

Belarus

0.734

35

Argentina

0.734

36

Australia

0.733

37

Austria

0.733

38

Costa Rica

0.732

39

Portugal

0.731

40

Bahamas

0.728

41

Italy

0.726

42

Colombia

0.725

43

Bulgaria

0.722

44

Panama

0.722

45

Serbia

0.72

46

Trinidad and Tobago

0.72

47

Kazakhstan

0.719

48

Kenya

0.719

49

Tanzania

0.718

50

Cape Verde

0.717

51

Poland

0.715

52

Lao PDR

0.713

53

Israel

0.712

54

Singapore

0.711

55

Botswana

0.71

56

Mongolia

0.709

57

Zimbabwe

0.709

58

Uganda

0.708

59

Croatia

0.708

60

Thailand

0.706

61

Lesotho

0.706

62

El Salvador

0.706

63

Ghana

0.704

64

Bangladesh

0.704

65

Jamaica

0.703

66

Guyana

0.702

67

Ukraine

0.702

68

Malawi

0.701

69

Macedonia, FYR

0.701

70

Albania

0.701

71

Mexico

0.699

72

Senegal

0.698

73

Chile

0.698

74

Madagascar

0.698

75

Russian Federation

0.694

76

Kyrgyz Republic

0.693

77

Romania

0.693

78

Venezuela

0.691

79

Montenegro

0.689

80

Honduras

0.688

81

Czech Republic

0.687

82

Georgia

0.687

83

Vietnam

0.687

84

Sri Lanka

0.686

85

Brazil

0.686

86

Dominican Republic

0.686

87

Greece

0.685

88

Brunei Darussalam

0.684

89

Peru

0.683

90

Cameroon*

0.682

91

China

0.682

92

Indonesia

0.681

93

Uruguay

0.679

94

Suriname

0.678

95

Tajikistan

0.675

96

Azerbaijan

0.675

97

Slovak Republic

0.675

98

Gambia, The*

0.674

99

Hungary

0.672

100

Cyprus

0.671

101

Japan

0.67

102

Swaziland

0.67

103

Belize

0.668

104

Malta

0.668

105

Armenia

0.668

106

Guatemala

0.667

107

Paraguay

0.666

108

India

0.664

109

Cambodia

0.662

110

Nepal

0.658

111

Malaysia

0.655

112

Liberia

0.652

113

Maldives

0.652

114

Burkina Faso

0.651

115

Korea, Rep.

0.651

116

Zambia

0.65

117

Kuwait

0.646

118

Bhutan

0.646

119

United Arab Emirates

0.646

120

Mauritius

0.646

121

Fiji

0.645

122

Qatar

0.645

123

Bahrain

0.644

124

Ethiopia

0.64

125

Nigeria

0.638

126

Angola

0.637

127

Tunisia

0.634

128

Algeria

0.632

129

Benin*

0.625

130

Turkey

0.624

131

Guinea

0.618

132

Mauritania

0.613

133

Côte d’Ivoire

0.606

134

Saudi Arabia

0.605

135

Oman

0.604

136

Egypt

0.599

137

Mali

0.599

138

Lebanon

0.598

139

Morocco

0.593

140

Jordan

0.593

141

Iran, Islamic Rep.

0.58

142

Chad

0.58

143

Syria

0.568

144

Pakistan

0.559

145

Yemen

0.484

 

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