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29 September 2016, National & International Affairs

surgical-strike

Sep 29: Indian forces fired across the Line of Control (LoC) in AJK, killing at least two Pakistan Army soldiers while calling it surgical strikes against “terrorism launch pads”.

What’s a surgical strike and how it is carried out?

A surgical strike is a swift, covert military attack designed to destroy specific targets. Such an assault results in damage only to the intended military target and does cause minimal or no collateral damage to surrounding structures, vehicles, buildings, or public infrastructure and utilities. Total neutralisation of targets with surgical strikes also ensures the prevention of an assault being escalated to a full-blown war.

Special operations forces or commando units, who are airdropped into the enemy territory, carry out surgical strikes. These elite forces then inflict maximum damage on the targets and are safely extracted from the conflict zone. Air raids too can be a part of a precise surgical strike.

Sep 29: Renowned molecular biologist Dr Syed Qasim Mehdi died. He was 75.

Sep 29: The Sindh Assembly passed Sindh Mass Transit Authority Bill, 2014 and The Karachi Institute of Technology and Entrepreneurship Bill, 2015.

Sep 29: The size of the CPEC was increased to more than $51.5 billion after China and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) agreed to lend $8bn to upgrade the main railway line from Karachi to Peshawar.

Sep 29: Sindh Chief Minister revived Infrastructure Development Board (IDB).

Sep 29: Dr Kaiser Bengali, an adviser to the Balochistan chief minister, tendered his resignation.

Sep 29: The China-led AIIB approved a $300-million loan for expansion of a hydropower project in Pakistan.

About AIIB

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank (MDB) conceived for the 21st century.

Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang announced the AIIB initiative during their respective visits to Southeast Asian countries in October 2013.

Founded on: 25 December 2015 (Entry into force Articles of Agreement); 16 January 2016 (Open for business)

Headquarters: Beijing, China

Membership: 57 States

President: Jin Liqun

Committed capital: $100 billion

Sep 29: The contract for a French-Chinese consortium to build Britain’s first nuclear plant in a generation was signed.

Sep 29: The World Maritime Day was observed across the world.

2016 Theme: “Shipping: indispensable to the world”.

Background

The World Maritime Day marks the date on which convention of the IMO (a specialized agency of the United Nations) was adopted in 1958. It was first observed in 1978,

The IMO’s original name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) but it was changed to IMO in 1982.

Sep 29: Scientists are saying their final farewells to the Rosetta space probe ahead of its planned crash-landing on a comet.

Sep 29: Former Afghan warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar appeared by video to sign a deal with President Ashraf Ghani.

About the Deal

It is the first peace treaty the Afghan government has completed since the war with the Taliban began in 2001.

It’s a symbolic victory in Kabul’s struggle to revive talks with the Taliban.

The deal paves the way for Hekmatyar to make a political comeback.

President Ghani has pledged to lobby the US and the UN for the lifting of international sanctions on Hekmatyar, who was designated a “global terrorist” by the Washington for his suspected ties to al-Qaeda and the Taliban.

Once international sanctions are lifted, Hekmatyar is expected to return to Afghanistan after 20 years in exile.

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