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Higher Education in Pakistan Ills and remedies

Higher Education in Pakistan Ills and remedies

1. Introduction
2. Types of Education

  • Formal education
  • Informal education

3. An Overview of Higher Education Setup in Pakistan

  • Statutory position
  • Administrative system
  • Institutes

4. Ills Prevailing in Higher Education System of Pakistan
A. Infrastructure-related Ills

  • Lack of institutes
  • Missing necessary facilities
  • Overcharging by private-sector institutions

B. Human Resource-related Ills

  • Meagre strength of faculties
  • Lack of motivation in members of faculty
  • Lack of skills and expertise
  • Meagre strength of support staff
  • High dropout ratio at elementary level

C. Curriculum-related Ills

  • Curriculum not in consonance with domestic needs
  • More focus on mere theories
  • Presence of mistakes and errors
  • Lack of analytical approach
  • Uninteresting and monotonous descriptions
  • No focus on character-building

D. Teaching Methodology-related Ills

  • Promotion and encouragement of cramming
  • No focus on conceptual study
  • Monotonous style of teaching

E. Examination-related Ills

  • No testing of analytical skills
  • Use of unfair means in examination halls
  • Inconsistent style of grading

5. Factors Responsible for the Presence of Ills

  • Budgetary constraints
  • Myopic vision of the policymakers
  • Distracted attention of the government
  • Bureaucratic hurdles
  • Poor growth of economy
  • Commercialization of education
  • Missing element of morality in the society
  • Persistently-rampant corruption
  • Incapacity of concerned HR departments

6. Impacts of Flawed Higher Education System

  • Unemployment and underemployment
  • Lack of talent and skills
  • Devastating impacts on different sectors of economy
  • Deteriorated image of the state
  • Social degradation
  • Increase in lawlessness and crime

7. Recommendations for the removal of Ills of the Higher Education Sector

  • Devising sharply-focused, meticulously-planned and thoroughly-integrated policies
  • Allocating reasonable budget to higher education
  • Tapping of indigenous mineral, geographical and human resources to enhance the availability of funds
  • Introduction of civil service reforms to improve the bureaucratic structure
  • Mature, responsible and objective role of media for the upgrade of moral standards of the society
  • Tightening the monitoring and regulatory mechanism to curb the commercialization of education
  • Devising pragmatic policies for maximum utilization of available resources
  • Focus on skills development of education- related human resource
  • Annual revision and upgrade of curriculum
  • Use of technology to improve the examination standards
  • Attracting best brains to education sector by improving perks

8. Conclusion

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