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Tag Archives: PMS exam

The Truman Doctrine


The Truman Doctrine When President Harry S. Truman issued what came to be known as the Truman Doctrine in March 1947, he was outlining the basic foreign policy that the United States would use against the Soviet Union and Communism for the next 44 years. The doctrine, which had both economic and military elements, pledged support for countries attempting to ... Read More »

Foreign Direct Investment


Foreign Direct Investment Pakistan’s economy has seen several swings over the past few years. The PTI government rode to victory on the cry of economic reforms and their performance therein became the litmus test to gauge the competency of this newborn government. Initially, the economy suffered several shocks and so did the psyche of the general populace. However, much to ... Read More »



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Developing Countries Must Seize the Tech Frontier


Developing Countries Must Seize the Tech Frontier The march of technological innovation has long boosted economic performance, improved efficiency, accelerated the pace of globalisation, and transformed human society in the process. But as the defining issue of our time, the digital revolution demands renewed policy cooperation at all levels of governance. After all, the latest wave of technological change is ... Read More »

Projecting Pakistan’s Soft Power

Projecting Pakistan’s Soft Power5

Projecting Pakistan’s Soft Power  in this anarchical world, the states continuously interact with each other in one way or another. Power is considered the lifeblood in international politics but in this globalized world, the concept and nature of power are in transition. According to Joseph S. Nye, the use of power today has shifted from an emphasis on hard power ... Read More »

India’s Citizenship Law

India's New Citizenship Law1

India’s Citizenship Law  ignoring national and international furore, both houses of Indian parliament, i.e. Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States), passed a controversial amendment to the country’s 1955 citizenship law. The controversial as well as highly discriminating against the Muslims, the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) 2019, which received presidential assent on December 13 to ... Read More »

A New International World Order


A New International World Order  At the present time, it seems outrageous to speak out on behalf of a new multilateral institution. The current trend is moving in the opposite direction, with so-called “strong men” around the world propagating a return to the rule of the strong over the weak. To these populists, this means that international rules-based agreements, as ... Read More »