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Umar Farooq

Turkey after the Referendum, The Ongoing Challenges

Turkey after the Referendum

The referendum held in Turkey on April 16, 2017, to approve amendments to the constitution – in essence, transition from a parliamentary mode of government to a presidential system, with a limited set of checks and balances between the governing authorities – was staunchly promoted by Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. As such, many saw the referendum as a vote …

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CHALLENGES AND SUCCESSES OF US FOREIGN POLICY IN ASIA

CHALLENGES AND SUCCESSES OF US FOREIGN POLICY IN ASIA

President Obama will be most remembered for his so-called “Pivot to Asia” policy which emphasized that the United States needed to rebalance its diplomatic and economic efforts in the direction of Asia, particularly in the light of how important this region would be for US interests in the future. That was essentially what motivated the shift, and it manifested itself …

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