Sample Introductory Paragraphs
As I have already explained in my previous articles that an Introductory Paragraph can be started in a number of ways, using different forms of expressions and styles. These styles are categorized and named as Question format, Declarative format, Surprising Statement format, Anecdotal format, Quotation format, Humour format and Famous Person format. The basic purpose of all these different formats is to attract the attention of the examiner and convince him of the correctness and aptness of the expression. Given below are some introductory paragraphs, which have been started using different expression techniques, to make you understand the correct use of these styles. I sincerely hope that these would greatly help you in your preparation:
TOPIC: Corruption is the root cause of all evils of Pakistan
Pakistan was not created to be the way it is at present. Carved out in the name of Islam, it was envisaged to be a territory which had to prove to the world that the product named progress and growth could be manufactured in the laboratory of Islam only. Things went well for some time, but, suddenly, the ship of the newly-created state lost direction and now it sails far away from the harbour of growth, peace and prosperity. Although the factors responsible for the distraction are as plentiful as blackberries, yet the damage that has been caused by the evil of corruption, which prevails in different forms and at every level of individual and collective life, is extremely alarming in extent and horrible in nature. Corruption is the root cause of all the evils in Pakistan as it impedes the way of democracy and rule of law, dents the effectivity of public institutions, distorts the decision-making process, drains national resources and discourages talents and skills.
TOPIC: Corruption can be eliminated from Pakistan only if there is across-the-board accountability.
(Surprising Statement format)
“According to the recent annual Corruption Perception Index published by Transparency International, Pakistan scored a perfect hundred and is a country with zero corruption”. This sounds sweet and really very good but the reality is totally contrary to it. Pakistan stands amongst highly corrupt countries of the world. Surely, it is not the Pakistan for which thousands of people made relentless efforts and even sacrificed their lives. The eyes of the founders of the state definitely saw the dream that the country would step the ladder of success and would soon be able to become an ideal state for the rest of the world. But the reality is totally different from it. Among many reasons for the deplorable situation, lack of across-the-board accountability is the most prominent. It is an admitted fact, and an unfortunate reality too, that either the element of accountability remained totally missing in all the walks and sectors of life, or it was used merely as a tool for crushing and exploiting the political and administrative opponents. Where, on the one hand, the utter absence of a true accountability mechanism encouraged the corrupt mafias to go with their nefarious practices, the targeted use of accountability techniques distorted the image of the state and shook the trust of the general public in the state and its organs. If corruption is to be eliminated, all the organs and institutions of the state, without any exception, will have to be brought under the axe of accountability; otherwise the things would keep moving the way they are at the moment.
TOPIC: Power of Media
(Famous Person format)
In Pakistan, we all believe that Donald Trump is capricious in decision making, Erodgan is popular with his people, and Modi is insincere and duplicitous in his approach toward Pakistan. Why do we believe so? Simply because this is what the media wants us to believe. Media, in the present century, has certainly emerged as the most powerful, most influential and most sharply-focussed tool for affecting opinions, channelizing actions and manipulating behaviours. Most importantly, almost all the individuals, societies, nations and states of the world, knowingly or unknowingly, have acknowledged the overwhelming impacts of media and have started to adapt themselves to its requirements, technologically and behaviourally. Some restraints and check-and-balance mechanisms, however, are certainly required to be put in place to avoid evil and unwanted implications of unbridled media power.
Topic: Water Scarcity in Pakistan and Future Line of Action
Someone rightly said, “Thousands have lived without love, not one without water”. The fact that two-thirds of the surface of the earth is covered by water also espouses the very same idea that water is one of the most important elements responsible for life on the earth. Water is not only vital for sustenance of life, but is also equally essential for socioeconomic development of an individual, a nation or a state. But, unfortunately, in this modern era, climate change, rapid economic development, changing consumption patterns and incessantly growing population have threatened the water security of billions of people living in the world . This scenario of water scarcity is predominantly evident in the developing countries. Regrettably, Pakistan is one of such countries as it, too, is facing acute scarcity of water owing to a number of factors. More alarming is the fact that it has been warned that the country may suffer an absolute scarcity of water by 2025. Hence, it is immensely needed that a meticulous water policy, focussing explicitly on water conservation techniques, and highlighting the road map for enhancing the available water-storage capacity be chalked out and implemented in order to protect and safeguard the interests of our present and future generations.