English Précis & Composition Paper

Eng Precis Composition Paper

Q2. Précis

We visited Qualla Boundary, a town in Cherokee. The mountain scenery surrounding the town was a breathtaking sight. The traditional lifestyle of the Indians, the tribal crafts they made and the historical pageant played six times a week, presented to tourists a rough image of Cherokee in the 18th century. We also visited the souvenir shops which sold rubber tomahawks and war bonnets. There we befriended a local, George, who told us that besides trade, the “Bingo Weekend,” where the tourists can enjoy various kinds of games in a large hall, is another source of income for them during off-tour seasons. Finally, we visited the town’s museum where different kinds of arts, like hand-woven baskets and carved figurines are displayed.

Title: A visit to Qualla Boundary

Q.3. Comprehension Paragraph

1. Why most of us fail in our efforts for self-improvement?

Most of us fail in our efforts of self-improvement because our schemes are too ambitious and we never find time to carry them out.

2. Why is it a basic mistake to announce our resolution to everybody?

It is a mistake because if we don’t accomplish our resolutions, we appear even more foolish in front of everybody.

3. Why did the writer not carry out his resolution on New Year’s Day?

He could not carry out his resolutions on New Year’s Day because he attended a late night New Year Party.

4. Find out the words in the above passage which convey the similar meaning to the following:

(1) Intimidating = Formidable
(2) Peril = Pitfall
(3) Dwindle = Diminish
(4) Repel = Fend off
(5)  Barb = Jibe

Q.4. (a) Correction of Sentences

(i) We were staying at my sister’s Cape Cod vacation home.
(ii) She recommended that I take a few days off from work.
(iii) I tried to explain the problem to him, but he had difficulty understanding me.
(vi) I don’t know why you didn’t go. If I were you, I would have gone.
(vii) Kevin says he stopped travelling internationally because of his family.

(b) Punctuation

(I) “It isn’t fair!” shouted Martin. “Coach Lewis never lets me start the game!”
(ii) Maureen’s three sisters Molly, Shannon, and Patricia, are all spending the summer at their grandmother’s beach house.
(iii) For the centerpieces, the florist recommended the following flowers: daisies, tulips, daffodils, and  hyacinths.
(iv) Lily is an accomplished gymnast; she won three medals in her last competition.
(v) Everyone was shocked when Max Smithfield — a studious, extremely bright high school senior — decided that college was not for him.

Explanation

1. There should be a quotation mark before the word Coach to set off the dialogue.
2. Commas set off nonrestrictive appositives, phrases that say the same thing as the previous phrase in different words. (A comma should be placed after Patricia.)
3. A colon can go before a list. (Place a colon after the word flowers.)
4. A semicolon can be used to separate two main clauses that could each stand alone as complete sentences.
5. Dashes can be used to set off a parenthetical element, for emphasis. (Place another em dash after the word senior.)

Q.5. (a) Analogy
1. (d)  Horror : Fear
2. (a)  Reduction : Diminution
3. (b)  Inventor : Imaginative
4. (d)  Analogy : Comparison
5. (a)  Accountant : Meticulous

Q5. (b) Indirect speech in paragraph form

When Helen asked Mr West what had happened to John, Mr West replied that he (John) had left the company. On Helen’s asking him why he (John) had done that, Mr West informed her that he (John) had asked him for a rise but he had not given it to him . Helen asked the reason for not doing so and Mr West blamed John’s laziness for that. Helen asked if John had found another job and Mr West replied in the affirmative, saying that he was working in a film company. Helen then asked Mr West about John’s salary and if he(John) liked the new job. Mr West replied that he thought that he (John)earned quite a lot but said he did not know whether he(John) liked his new job or not.

Q.6.    (a) Pairs of Words

(I) Adverse (unfavourable; dreadful), averse (against, hostile to)
Taxes are having an adverse effect on production.
As a former CIA director, he is not averse to secrecy.
(ii) altogether (completely; totally), all together (all at the same time)
I’m not altogether sure that I’d trust him.
It has been a while since I have had a lot of my friends all together in one place.
(iii) Allude (refer to; suggest), elude (evade; escape)
He alluded to the problem but did not mention it.
The thief eluded the police.
(iv) braise (cook in liquid), braze (Solder together by using hard solder with a high melting point)
The veal with chilli and braised salad was, I must confess, excellent.
A disc is brazed to the cut-off end of the drill shank.
(v) curb (restrain; inhibit), kerb (a stone edging to a pavement or raised path)
Curb your anger.
Traces of the stone kerb can be seen on the east side.

(b) Idioms

(i) Smash hit (a play, movie, musical, etc., that is a big success)
Her first book was a smash hit. The second was a disaster.
(ii) Murphy’s law (Humorous axiom stating that anything that can go wrong will go wrong)
Damned Murphy’s Law, the year my batch took their ‘A’ Levels, Chinese wasn’t necessary anymore.
(iii) Place in the Sun (A dominant or favorable position or situation)
The Nobel Laureates really enjoyed their place in the sun.
(iv) Wooden spoon (an imaginary prize given to the person who finishes last in a race or competition)
For the second year running, Ireland took the wooden spoon in the Rugby tournament.
(v) Go bananas (to go mildly crazy)
I thought he was going to go bananas.

Q7.    Translation

Generally, people think that state’s laws and personal freedom are antithetical to each other. Apparently, it does not look wrong. Every law imposes some curbs on the citizens. If the laws of a country are a great many, then the civil liberties are curtailed under their burden. On the contrary, if the laws are limited in number, the citizens enjoy more freedom.

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