From World Times Academy
(by Sir Farrukh Sultan)
1. Political culture in Pakistan
2. Pakistan and menace of terrorism
3. Place of women in society
4. Education in Pakistan: a neglected frontier
5. The impact of corruption in society
6. The Importance of national integration
7. Global warming
8. Disaster management in Pakistan
9. Energy crisis and its manifestations in Pakistan
10. Muslim Ummah at crossroads
11. Capital Punishment
(by Sir Farrukh Sultan)
1. An unswerving will, indomitable courage and unshakeable and unified resolve seem to be the basic elements to get our nation free from the evil grip of the octopus of terrorism. Discuss the causes both horizontal and vertical and also suggest measures to confront this menace of terrorism.
2. In the name of ‘Arab Spring’, the West seems to have contributed more fuss then respite. Discuss the statement in the backdrop of ISIS perceived threats towards instability of Arab world in particular.
3. The key of a permanent and enduring peace against ‘War on Terror’ lies more with Kabul and Islamabad than elsewhere. Discuss the statement in the context of ‘Realpolitik’ and vested interests of major players of ‘War on Terror’.
4. Pakistan-US relations have been marred by ‘more odds than evens’. Discuss and explore the ways and means to reduce trust deficit and enhance cooperation both at strategic and economic fronts.
5. The peace in Middle East, and more particular in Palestine, seems to have locked in Israel’s unilateral self-assertion in a unipolar world. Discuss.
6. Pakistan-India relations, most of times have been bumpy, smashing against the Indian hegemonic desires and policies. Highlight the key areas and possible steps to be taken by the leadership of these countries to off-load the burden of history.
7. Muslim Ummah seems to be rich in material resources but poor in vision and leadership. Identify major challenges being confronted by Ummah and also suggest steps to be taken to make it a viable, unified and effective platform of Muslims.
8. Critically evaluate the role of vibrant but responsible media towards sustainable democracy in Pakistan.
9. Political culture in Pakistan has been embroiled, most of the time, by questions of transparency, incapacity and intolerance. Discuss the problem and also suggest remedies to need to be done to address both the theoretical as well as the practical front to improve democratic values in our country.
10. Discuss the different dimensions of the Sino-US relations and their possible impact on the future political course of the world.
11. SAARC is like a vehicle without engine. Discuss.
12. The United Nations is like a lion without teeth and nails. What measures do you suggest to make this world body more effective and impartial in future?
(by Salman Kazmi)
1. Write down in detail the evolution of Muslim society in the Subcontinent.
2. According to your own viewpoint, what were the main causes of the decline of Mughal Empire?
3. Write a comprehensive note on the chain of constitutional development in the Subcontinent that ended in 1947.
4. The social, traditional, cultural and religious invasions along with imposed rules by the British caused the locals to fight the War of Independence, 1857. Discuss.
5. The Muslim civilization was at its lowest ebb after the War of Independence. In this critical time, the Muslims were really suffering and it was impossible without the wisdom and farsightedness of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan that the Muslims regain the dignity and a respectable place in Subcontinent. Comment!
6. Simla Delegation was a step towards the changing of whole political scenario in the Subcontinent. Do you agree with this statement? If yes, provide some suitable arguments from the history.
7. Write a comprehensive note on the comparison of the services provided by both All India Muslim League and Indian National Congress.
8. Lucknow Pact can be categorized as a clear evidence of the inexperience of the Muslims as it brought many disadvantages for them in the later years but at the same time it was considered a huge success of Muslim League. Discuss.
9. Khilafat Movement was an incident that proved vital in the history of the Subcontinent as it paved way for the Muslims to learn the art of making agitation against the government which they utilized in struggle for getting a separate homeland. Comment!
10. Discuss in detail the influence of three Round Table Conferences in shaping the Congress’ behaviour in politics in the coming years.
11. The One Nation Theory and the Two Nation Theory as claimed by Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League, respectively, were the basis of political scenes between 1940 and 1947. Discuss in detail in the light of the incidents which took place during this period.
12. A newly-formed country with meagre resources was confronted with gigantic problems. Discuss with the reference to Pakistan in 1947.
13. Write a comprehensive note on judicial crisis in the recent years in Pakistan. Find out the genesis of this crisis from the history of Pakistan.
14. What are the major causes of energy crisis in the country? Write some practical measures to ameliorate the situation.
15. Corruption is the root cause of many ills of Pakistan. Suggest some suitable steps to eradicate this evil from the country.
(by Hafiz Arshad Iqbal Chaddhar)
1. Write a note on the collection and compilation of Quran and also elaborate that why Muslims neglect to practice the Holy Quran. Suggest the ways to reform this situation.
2. State the important points of Co-existence between Islam and other religions in the light of Hudaibiya Truce and the last sermon (Hajjatul Wida) of the Holt Prophet (SAW).
3. Elaborate the duties and responsibilities of Muslim women with special reference to her right to education and her role in the development of society.
4. Describing the importance of moral values in Islam, elaborate the causes of moral degeneration and the ways to rectify. Also write a comparative note on Islamic morality code and Western code.
5. Elaborating important points of Political System of Islam, presents its comparison with the Western political system.
6. While state guiding principles of economic system of Islam, prove that the dream of prosperity can be achieved without the interest-based economy.
7. Define Ijtihad and Ijma. Also discuss the need of Ijtihad in contemporary world and its role in the making of humanity.
8. Describing the significance, kinds, principles and conditions of â€œJihadâ€ differentiate between Jihad and terrorism.
9. Describe the human rights in the light of the Last Sermon of the Holy Prophet (SAW) with special emphasis on the rights of Non-Muslims in an Islamic State.
10. Discuss the cultural challenges faced by the Muslim societies. Also describe the important contours of Islamic Culture.
11. Discuss in detail the resources and problems of Muslim Ummah while commenting upon the initiatives and conspiracies of the West.
12. Discuss the role of Wahi (Revelation) in the solution of problems faced by the humans.
13. Define Tauheed (Unity of Allah) in a scholarly manner describing its significance and its effects on human life.
14. Give arguments in favour of belief in the Day of Judgement, its role in an organized society and its effects on societal life.
15. Describing the meaning and heads of Zakat, discuss its role in alleviation of poverty and purity of the self.
History of Pakistan & India
(by Azmat Farooq)
1. Mahmood Ghaznavi’s 17 invasions (a debate that investigates his character as of a great Muslim conqueror driven by religious zeal; a greedy Monarch who wanted to fill his coffers or a great warrior who was simply riding the tide of his time where conquest was the most sought after objective of any successful monarch)
2. Mahmoud Ghauri, the forerunner of the Slave Dynasty
3. Life sketch of Humayun; his role in consolidating the Mughal Dynasty
4. War of succession among the sons of Shah Jahan was actually the war of competing ideologies
5. Contribution of Mughal era in the development of culture, arts and architecture
6. Din-e-Ilahi was not a separate religion but a social code. Discuss.
1. Aligarh Movement vs Deoband Movement â€“ comparison and contrast
2. Madrissa education â€“ a critical evaluation
3. Constitutional development since 1947
4. The lack of good governance, not military, is the real threat to democracy in Pakistan
5. Pakistan’s problems are not always its own rather they are thrust upon it. Evaluate the observation in the light of current political developments in Afghanistan
6. India does not accept Kashmiris as a legitimate player and insists upon having bilateral resolution of dispute. Can this approach, if followed, result in peaceful resolution of dispute? Discuss.
(by Salman Kazmi)
1. Write a comprehensive note on essentials of a valid offer and when it is considered to be accepted in a valid manner?
2. Write a detailed note on the agreements which have been expressly declared void.
3. All the contracts are agreements but all the agreements are not contracts. Discuss.
4. Define contract. What are the various kinds of contracts?
5. What are the various modes in which a contract can be discharged?
6. What are remedies available to the aggrieved party if the breach of contract has taken place?
7. Differentiate between indemnity and guarantee. When a surety is discharged from liability under the contract of guarantee?
8. Define bailment. What are the rights and duties of bailer and bailee and how a contract of bailment is discharged?
9. Define agency. Write different modes in which an agency is created and also discuss the rights and duties of an agent. How an agency is terminated?
10. What is meant by partnership? Can a minor be a partner? Write a comprehensive note on the rights and duties of a minor in partnership business.
(a) Define the essentials of a contract of sale of goods. Distinguish between a contract of sale and an agreement to sell.
(b) Describe in detail the â€œkinds of goodsâ€ and clearly explain the effects of perishing of goods under various circumstances. Also define the term price under the contract of Sale of Goods Act?
(a) Define a Promissory Note and a Bill of Exchange. Write down their essentials. Write the distinguishing points between a promissory note and a bill of exchange. Explain the various kinds of a bill.
(b) Define Cheque. Also distinguish between a Cheque and a bill of exchange.
(a) Define consent. What is free consent? Give a detailed note on all the ways when the consent is not considered free.
(b) Differentiate between coercion and undue influence.
14. Define consideration. Give essentials of consideration and explain exceptions to the rule that “No consideration; no binding of performance.”
(a) Define Arbitration. What are the powers of a court in Arbitration?
(b) On what grounds can the award passed by an arbitrator be set aside? Who can set it aside?
16. How a company is formed? Write the characteristics of a Company. What is meant by Memorandum of Association? Explain Articles of Association. How alterations can be made in Memorandum of Association and Article of Association?
(by Waheed Asghar)
How to Score Good in British History?
British History is an invariably good scoring subject in CSS. Especially in 2014, candidates scored very well as against miserably low scores in Indo-Pak and Islamic History subjects. To score higher marks in British History:
Always present your answers in critical rather than narrative style.
Give the significance of any particular event in a historical perspective.
Try to draw schematic diagrams or maps wherever applicable.
Objective part of this paper is mostly repeated and you may prepare it by consulting past 10 years papers.
1. Analyze the cause and results of Glorious Revolution.
2. â€œRobert Peel has rightly been called the most liberal of the Conservatives and the most Conservative of the liberals.â€ Comment to elaborate his achievements as the Prime Minister of United Kingdom.
3. Queen Anne and War of Spanish Succession
4. Critically review the Parliamentary Union between England and Ireland. How would you compare it with Scottish Union?
5. Sir Robert Walpole as first PM
6. Personal Rule of George III and its consequences for Britain
7. French Revolution and Britain’s reaction to it
8. Foreign policy of Castlereagh and Canning in Concert of Europe
9. Political and Social Reforms in Mid-19th Century
10. Short Notes
a. Pitt, the Younger
b. 7 Years’ war
c. Durham Report
d. War of Greek Independence
e. Syrian Question
1. â€œPalmerston was more successful as a Foreign Minister than as a Prime Minister.â€ Comment and Analyze.
2. Achievements and culture of Victorian Era
3. Compare and Contrast the policies and personalities of Gladstone and Disraeli as Prime Ministers.
4. The parliamentary reforms in England from 1832-1928 made the country politically democratic. Analyze.
5. What do you mean by Eastern Question? Produce an analytical essay on Eastern Question mentioning British policy towards it with special reference to Crimean War and Congress of Berlin?
6. Discuss critically the major social and political institution that developed in England during the latter half of the 19th century.
7. Analyze the British Foreign policy from
a. 1870 to 1914
b. 1919 to 1939
8. Britain’s Role in World War I and World War II
9. British PMs â€“ Churchill, Thatcher, and Blair
10. Elucidate the British de-colonization process in the different nooks and corners of the globe and give the main characteristics of the New Colonial Policy of Great Britain as it developed since the end of the Second World War.
a. Irish Question
b. Rise of the Labour Party
c. Winston Churchill
d. Suez Canal Crisis
e. Margaret Thatcher
(by Muhammad Ramzan)
1. Nature, scope, importance and role of public administrator
2. Planning its advantages and disadvantages, steps of planning
3. Theory x and theory y and its relevancy in the present day world
4. Zero based budgeting, pros and cons and its use in Pakistan
5. Administrative accountability and its mechanism in Pakistan discussion with reference to Ombudsman’s office
6. Role of parliamentarians in policy making and efforts toward capacity building
7. What is Maslow’s hierarchy needs theory and its role in motivation and enhancing public service delivery in Pakistan
8. What are the ingredients of good governance and how the extensive use of IT can improve governance?
9. Budget making process in Pakistan and role of standing committees in this regard
10. What is the structure of federal government after 18th amendment?
11. NPM has actually replaced bureaucratic approach to public administration
Note on the followings
12. Ecology of bureaucracy, sustainable development, what is Hallow Effect, what is span of control,
13. Judicial activism, civil service reforms, note civil service academy, access to information, coordination and communication issues in public service delivery, Weber’s ideal type of bureaucracy its characteristics, HRM process in Pakistan civil service