The candidate should be confident enough to go through this exam and pray to Almighty God.
The CSS exam has become myth for those who do not have proper guidance how to prepare and attempt this prestigious it. That’s why majority of our young candidates are baffled what to do in this critical situation. It is a fact that nothing is impossible in this world. But on the other hand, one has to be committed and dedicated to achieve one’s goal. This is a pre-requisite of any competitive exams though it is CSS/PMS/Judiciary or any one.
Whereas the problem of consulting the books is concerned, one should consult the books recommended by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) in the end of syllabus of each paper.
First I would discuss how to prepare compulsory papers for those beginners who want their intake by 2012 then come to optional subjects. The first pre-requisite of the CSS is to improve your English at that level as there should not be a mistake in your writings. It does not matter either you are writing simple and short sentences. In this regard, candidates are advised to read Daily Dawn, BBC News both listening and reading at the website, international affairs book published by Oxford on international politics. Then, the candidate should consult the past CSS essay papers to know the trend of the paper. The best way to prepare an essay is to get guidance from an English teacher.
The topics are very common and usually examiners take into mind the following pattern; social, political, economic and technical aspects. Students must have good understanding and enough knowledge about societal issues like poverty, bad governance, Pakistan is a rich country but poor management, causes of instability in Pakistan, problems facing our democracy, gender discrimination, social inequality, women empowerment; economic issues like tax reforms, budget, national finance commission award; religion like Islam vs West, Islamophobia, Islam and terrorism, pluralism; scientific issues like global warming, pollution; national issues like democracy, military intervention, provincial autonomy, energy crisis, independence of judiciary, media, disaster management; international issues like global terrorism, credit crunch, new world order, etc.
These above topics can be found in any CSS past papers if one wants to confirm these questions. The required thing is only that one should read the newspaper throughout the year and in the last two or three months, one will be in the position to mark the important topics to be asked in the CSS exams. In the above list, first take the social issues and get these essays checked by a CSS expert. In this process, one will improve the English grammar and essay as well as the pattern of the CSS.
In reading the substantive books, the students should have a good grip on History like the early life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), his sayings and life style, then the period of 711, the brief knowledge of the World War-I and World War-II, events like Vietnam war; causes and consequences, formation of OIC, oil crisis of 1973, Iran-Iran war, Soviet’s invasion in Afghanistan, The Great Game, WTO, Emerging China, US-Sino ties, Pakistan relations with its neighbouring countries, economy of the world and the world famous organisations; OIC, SAARC, ASEAN, ECO, UNO, SCO, NATO, EU, ASEAN Vs ECO, ASEAN Vs SAARC, etc. These topics are vital both for English essay as well as current affairs paper.
The most frequently asked question is that how to start an essay. Before starting an essay, make an effective and comprehensive outline in two or three pages in the form of short sentence and your outline must contain all the information which the candidates are going to discuss in the whole essay.
The last paragraphs should be the conclusion by summing up the whole discussion and highlighting the main events brief. Sometimes, the students become pessimist while concluding an essay. This is a negative approach. So the end should be positive in a sense by praying or giving hope.