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World in Focus (Sep-Oct 2014)

National & International News & MCQs

National

Sep 16: Angry passengers of a PIA aircraft forced two late-arriving politicians — Senator Rehman Malik and MNA Dr Ramesh Vankwani — to get off the plane because they had caused a flight delay of an hour and 45 minutes.

Sep 16: The Islamabad police registered a criminal case against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, some federal ministers and police officials under an order issued by a district and sessions court.

Sep 16: Launching the first heritage preservation project in Sindh, US Ambassador Richard G. Olson announced that more than $260,000 would be spent on the restoration of 400-year-old tombs of Mir Sultan Ibrahim (1556-1592 AD), the ruler of the Turkhan dynasty, and Amir Sultan Muhammad at the Makli necropolis, one of the largest cemeteries in the world.

The US envoy also announced the launch of US ‘Ambassador’s Fund for Culture Preservation (AFCP)’.

Sep 17: The ECP granted PTI chief Imran Khan’s request to inspect the electoral record of NA-122 Lahore; the constituency where he lost to National Assembly Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq.

Sep 18: Unidentified gunmen shot dead Dr Muhammad Shakeel Auj, the dean of Karachi University’s faculty of Islamic Studies.

Sep 19: The UNDP released its 2014 Human Development Index (HDI) that values for 187 countries and UN-recognised territories, ranking the countries in terms of economic and human development indicators. The report said that growth in value of the Human Development Index (HDI) for Pakistan has almost stagnated over the last five years as it stood at 146th position among 187 countries.

Andre Franche, the country director of the UNDP, said the rising or stagnating income and educational inequality at the global level had contributed to the slow growth in human development.

Sep 19: Anwar Ahmed, judge of an accountability court in Rawalpindi, cleared Mian Nawaz Sharif in two corruption references by rejecting a NAB application for reopening of Hudaibiya Paper Mills and Raiwind Assets references.

Sep 19: An ordinance promulgated by Acting Governor Rana Iqbal abolished the warring Punjab Textbook Board and the Punjab Curriculum Authority, merging their functions into a new Punjab Curriculum and Textbook Board.

Sep 19: WAPDA signed a joint venture project contract with Sinohydro and Hajvairy Group worth Rs.14.544 billion for the construction of civil works for Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project.

Sep 22: The federal cabinet decided to lift a ban on government jobs, to disburse Rs. 25,000 to each family affected by floods before Eidul Azha, and provide temporary relief to power consumers who over-billed recently.

Sep 22: The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) tacitly held returning officers (ROs) responsible for the mess created in various constituencies in the General Elections 2013.

Sep 23: A multi-party conference titled ‘Administrative provinces and demand for dividing Sindh is a conspiracy against Sindh, country and peace, rejected a call of the MQM to create more administrative units in Sindh.

The conference was jointly organised by the Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan and the Qaumi Awami Tehreek.

Sep 24:
President Mamnoon Hussain signed Gas Infrastructure Development Cess (GIDC) Ordinance 2014 to provide a legal cover to gas cess collection for infrastructural development.

The ordinance will enable the government to continue collecting the gas infrastructure development cess (GIDC) from the consumers after the Supreme Court had refused to give a legal cover to the cess collection.

Sep 25: The Supreme Court of Pakistan restored the National Assembly (NA) membership of Khalid Hussain Magsi of the PML-N on an interim basis.

Sep 26: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told the 69th session of the UN General Assembly that he had been disappointed by India’s decision to cancel foreign secretary-level talks with Pakistan.

In a speech that showed greater emphasis on the Kashmir dispute than seen during the last six years. He also reminded the world body that it had left the Kashmir issue unresolved for decades.

Sep 26: The Sindh government regularised the services of over 24,000 lady health workers.

Sep 26: Pakistan successfully test-fired the short range, surface-to-surface Hatf IX (Nasr) missile. The test was conducted with successive launch of four missiles from multi-tube launcher with salvo mode.

With a range of 60km and in-flight manoeuvring capability, Nasr is a quick-response system with shoot and scoot attributes. It contributes to the full spectrum deterrence against the prevailing threat spectrum.

Sep 26: The US government will provide $41.8 million to improve Pakistan’s law-enforcement capability, fight narcotics trafficking and reform its criminal justice system.

A bilateral assistance agreement to this effect was signed by US Ambassador Richard Olson and Economic Affairs Division Secretary Mohammad Saleem Sethi.

Sep 26: An investigative reporter Umar Cheema won Coalition on Right to Information’s RTI Annual Champion Award for his efforts to promote right to information through investigative reporting. In citizen’s category, Sabahat Ghaznavi won the 1st Annual Champion Award. He was given award on first known case of citizen using KP RTI law for getting job.

In organizations category, Centre for Governance and Public Accountability won the CRTI-RTI Annual Champion Award. CGPA has not only been advocating for RTI law for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, but it has also submitted 143 information requests to contribute to the implementation of this law.

Sep 26: Irfan Qaisar Sheikh was posted as Chairperson Punjab Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA).

Sep 27: The Pakistan Navy successfully performed a live-fire demonstration of torpedo and anti-ship guided missiles during testing operations in the northern Arabian Sea. The demonstration coincided with the start of joint exercises with the Chinese Navy near Karachi.

Sep 28: Outgoing Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered the release of Pakistani reporter Faizullah Khan who was arrested in eastern Nangarhar province a few months back.

Sep 29: The Punjab University and the Pakistan Red Crescent Society signed a memorandum of understanding to develop a volunteer force from university students.

Sep 29: An Election Tribunal de-notified an MNA of PML-N, Dewan Ashiq Hussain Bukhari, elected from NA-153, Jalalpur for having a fake degree.

Sep 29: US prosecutors indicted a Pakistani man, Hammad Akbar, for marketing a Stealth Genie application that could be used to secretly spy on calls, texts, and other activity on Smartphone.

This was the first ever criminal case centered on the advertisement and sale of an app tailored to spy on Smartphone.

Sep 30: The Balochistan High Court restrained the Chairman of the Balochistan Public Service Commission, Ashraf Magsi, from taking part in interviews for jobs in government departments.

Sep 30: The Balochistan Assembly passed a resolution unanimously seeking the return of Khan of Kalat Agha Suleman Daud. The resolution was tabled by Sardar Abdul Rehman Khetran of the JUI-F.

Oct 01: Veteran politician Javed Hashmi announced his resignation as the president and member of the PTI, in protest against what he called undemocratic attitude of its chairman, Imran Khan.

Oct 01: Pakistan ranks 62nd in the foreign direct investment friendly countries but it does not reflect its potential and available resources, necessitating a comprehensive strategy to overcome low local and foreign investment phenomenon.

Oct 01:
Indonesian government conferred the highest Military Awards of ‘Bintang Jalsena Utama and Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama’ on Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila, in recognition of his meritorious services and significant contribution in strengthening ties between the naval forces of Indonesia and Pakistan.

Oct 02: Pakistan cautiously welcomed the signing of the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) by Afghanistan and the United States after the latter clarified that counterterrorism operations under the agreement would be restricted to within Afghan borders.

Oct 02:
All decimal coins of paisa 1,2,5,10,25 and 50 ceased to be a legal tender from October 1, 2014. However, Rs1 and above denomination coins would remain legal tender.

Oct 02: The economic coordination committee (ECC) accorded approval to the strategic Gwadar LNG terminal along with 711 kilometres pipeline up to Nawabshah.

Oct 03:
Pakistan broke its 13-year-old record of polio cases with the confirmation of eight more cases, raising this year’s count to 202. In 2000, 199 cases were recorded.

Oct 04: Pakistan and Australia signed an MoU, agreeing to take every possible step in increasing the bilateral trade volume to $1 billion by next year.

The MoU was signed in the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) Canberra on the sidelines of Australia-Pakistan Joint Trade Committee (JTC) meeting. Pakistan delegation was led by Ministry of Commerce Secretary Muhammad Shehzad Arbab.

Oct 04:
The national technical focal person of the Prime Minister’s Polio Monitoring and Coordination Cell Dr Altaf Bosan was removed from his position and was replaced by Dr Umar Qadir Baloch, brother of Federal Minister Abdul Qadir Baloch and a senior grade 21 officer.

Oct 08:
Tensions between Pakistan and India simmered over Eid holidays as clashes along the Line of Control (LoC) and Working Boundary (WB) left 10 people dead on the Pakistani side.

Oct 08: Chief of the Army Staff Gen Raheel Sharif announced a “Fata Youth Package” under which 14,000 youths from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas will be inducted into the army over five years.

Oct 08: US officials and investors pledged support for the 4,500MW Diamer-Bhasha dam, calling it Pakistan’s “smartest choice” for economic development.

Oct 08: Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah was sworn in as Chief of the Naval Staff at a change-of-command ceremony held at the PNS Zafar Naval Complex.

Admiral Sandila formally handed over the command of the Pakistan Navy by presenting the traditional scroll to Admiral Zakaullah.

Oct 08: Grand Jamia Mosque in Bahria Town Lahore, completed at the cost of about Rs4 billion, opened its doors for Eidul Azha prayers. This masterpiece of indigenous Pakistani architecture has a capacity to accommodate 70,000 people, which makes it the world’s 7th largest mosque. Additionally, the indoor capacity of 25,000 people makes it the largest mosque in Pakistan.

Oct 08: A murder case was registered against the eldest son of Pakistan’s former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani after his gunmen opened fire at two young men for accidently hitting the politician’s SUV with their motorcycle in the city’s Defence area, killing one of them.

Oct 09: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif visited a bazaar in North Waziristan’s Miramshah town where he saw the militant hideouts destroyed during the Zarb-i-Azb military operation.

Oct 10: Education activist Malala Yousufzai and Indian campaigner against child trafficking and labour Kailash Satyarthi won the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize. Malala, aged 17, became the youngest Nobel Prize winner.

Oct 10: Over 200 Parliamentarians from 53 countries of the Commonwealth unanimously chose Pakistan as the venue of 61st Conference of Commonwealth Parliamentary Assembly (CPA) in Yaounde, Cameroon at the concluding plenary of the 60th CPA.

Oct 11: Pakistan and Afghanistan signed an agreement to set electricity transit fees from Central Asia to South Asia. The two sides agreed to a price of 1.25 cents per kilowatt.

The agreement also establishes commercial arrangements for 1,300 megawatts of sustainable regional electricity trade between Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan as part of the Central Asia South Asia Electricity Transmission and Trade Project.

Oct 13:
As India continued ceasefire violations along the Line of Control (LoC), the Foreign Office asked five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to use their good offices to secure an end to hostilities and for resumption of stalled peace dialogue with New Delhi.

Oct 13: A 45-metre-long and 10-metre-deep tunnel being built just a few metres from the Karachi Central Jail to spring 100 ‘dangerous militants’ was discovered in a house situated in a neighbouring locality.

Oct 13: The Pakistan International Airlines received two Airbus A -320 aircraft obtained on wet lease from the Air VIA-Bulgarian Airways at Jinnah International Airport.

Oct 13: The ground-breaking ceremony of the Pakistan Housing Project for the rehabilitation of war-affected homeless people of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka was held in Puthukkudiyiruppu village of Mannar town.

The High Commissioner of Pakistan in Sri Lanka, retired Maj Gen Qasim Qureshi, Sri Lankan Minister for Economic Affairs Basil Rajapaksa, Minister for Industry and Commerce Rishad Bathiudeen and Northern Province Governor retired Maj Gen G.A. Chandrasiri laid the foundation stone of the project.

Oct 13: The Lahore High Court directed the federal government to submit details of expenses incurred during the recent visit of PM Nawaz Sharif, his family and personal servants to New York.

Oct 13: The charge of law and parliamentary affairs Punjab was withdrawn from Rana Mashhood.

Oct 14:
Military officials of Pakistan and India spoke over hotline about the aggravating situation on the Line of Control and Working Boundary (WB) as UN military observers visited the areas hit by Indian shelling and the Islamabad-based diplomatic corps was briefed at the Foreign Office.

Oct 14:
Six leading militants of the outlawed Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan, including its spokesman Shahidullah Shahid, announced their allegiance to Abu Bakar Al-Baghdadi, the chief of the Islamic State (IS).

Oct 15: The Punjab Assembly was ranked at the bottom among the four provincial legislatures in a study conducted by PILDAT about the working of the houses during the first parliamentary year (June 2013-May 2014).

The Sindh Assembly topped the comparative performance analysis with a score of 68 out of 100, followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (67), Balochistan (60) and Punjab with 58.

Oct 15: An accounts group probationer, Nabiha Chaudhry, was found burned to death in her hostel room at the Audit and Accounts Training Institute in Gulberg, Lahore.

Education

Sep 17: The US government launched the second phase of its Merit and Needs Based Scholarship Programme which would benefit 3,000 talented students in need of financial assistance to pursue higher education.

The launch of new phase of the programme funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) was announced by Gregory Gottlieb, the mission director of USAID Pakistan, at a ceremony which was also attended by Minister for Planning and Development, Ahsan Iqbal, Executive Director of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) Prof Mukhtar Ahmad and vice chancellors of partner universities.

A total of 1,807 scholarships were awarded under the first phase of the programme and more than 1,300 students have already obtained their undergraduate and graduate degrees.

Sep 26:
The Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) abolished merit-based admission policy for medical colleges and instead reserved 50 per cent seats for boys and the other 50 per cent for girls.

Oct 05: Punjab University (PU) Library in collaboration with the Chinese Educational Publications Import and Export Corporation Ltd. established Chinese Corner in the PU Library.

Oct 09: Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) announced to hold CSS Competitive Examination-2015 for recruitment to posts in BS-17 in occupational groups and services under the Federal Government with effect from February 2015.

Oct 15: Federal Public Service Commission (FBSC) announced result of Competitive Examination (CSS) 2014 whereby 439 candidates qualified in the written part of CSS Competitive Examination out of 13170 candidates appeared.

Economy

Sep 18: Pakistan’s tax authorities signed an MoU with UK to identify and nab rampant tax evaders by building up capacity of Federal Board of Revenue (FBR).

Oct 13: European Union (EU) removed the yellow flag on Pakistani mangoes. The fruit was put under scrutiny at the beginning of this mango season.

Oct 14: Pakistan Petroleum Limited announced another discovery of gas and condensate in Sindh. The discovery was made from exploratory well Kinza X-1 in Sanghar district.

Transfers & Appointments

Sep 18: Maj Gen Bilal Akbar took over as the 12th director general of Pakistan Rangers, Sindh.

Sep 22: The government appointed Lt Gen Rizwan Akhtar as next chief of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). He will take charge when his predecessor Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam retires on November 7.

Sep 24: President Mamnoon Hussain on the advice of the prime minister, approved the appointment of Arshad Bhatti, former federal secretary Punjab, Syed Arshad Ali, former federal secretary Sindh, Qazi Afaq Hussain, former additional secretary Punjab and Syed Rafique Hussain Shah retired district & sessions judge KP, as Federal Services Tribunal members.

Sep 25: The PML-N government posted Arif Ahmed Khan, an additional secretary, as Member (Oil), Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA), on a temporary basis, and extended contracts of Managing Director SNGPL, Arif Hameed, and MD of the PSO, Amjad Pervez Janjua.

Sep 26: Deputy Secretary Establishment Division, Islamabad, Munir Jan Baloch, was appointed Director General Planning and Development of Gwadar Port.

Sep 27: Khalid Mahmood, a professor of the Dayal Singh College, Lahore, was appointed as Secretary Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE), Rawalpindi.

Oct 02: The government appointed Vice Admiral Mohammad Zakaullah as the next chief of naval staff. He will succeed Admiral Mohammad Asif Sandila.

Sports

Sep 18: Former champion Mohammad Sajjad of Punjab recaptured the title of the sixth National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) Ranking Snooker Championship.

Sep 23: Pakistan’s wait for a medal at the Asian Games finally came to an end when Syed Maratib Ali Shah won the bronze medal in the Wushu competition in the 17th Asian Games in Incheon.

Sep 26: Pakistan retained their gold medal in the Asian Games women’s Twenty20 cricket tournament, overpowering Bangladesh by four runs.

Sep 28: Peshawar Panthers added a new chapter in the Pakistan T20 cricket history by annexing their maiden national title after outgunning Lahore Lions in final.

Oct 02: Pakistan’s top pugilist Mohammad Waseem ended up securing a bronze medal after being out-boxed in the final of his flyweight division bout by Shakhobidin Zoirov of Uzbekistan at the Asian Games at Seohnak Gymnasium.

Oct 05:
Australia beat Pakistan by six wickets to win the one-off Twenty20 international.

Oct 11:
Pakistan qualified for next year’s Polo World Cup after beating archrivals India in a play-off match held in Tianjin, China.

Oct 12: Australia beat Pakistan in the third and final one-day international against to clinch the series 3-0.

Obituaries

Sep 23: Former international athlete and retired Deputy Superintendent of Police Syed Abid Hussain died. He was 72.

Oct 04: Najeebullah Khan Niazi, an MPA from PP-49 in Bhakkar, died of a cardiac arrest.

Oct 09: Saeed Hasan Shah, a former Pakistan Table Tennis Federation (PTTF) president, died in Lahore. He was 80.

Places in News

Paris, France

Sept 16: The 35th edition of Texworld was held in Paris, in which 881 exhibitors from all over the world, including China, Pakistan, Thailand, India, Indonesia, Turkey and Bangladesh participated. The Trade Develop­ment Authority of Pakis­tan (TDAP) has arranged national pavilion in the exhibition.

Oct 13: The three-day International Gender Responsive Policing (GRP) Conference kicked off at a local hotel in Islamabad with the theme that the GRP can foster peaceful societies.

The police officers participating from 20 OIC countries along with international human rights activists, philanthropists and gender experts emphasized on the need to have a gender sensitized police.

People in News

Maulvi Agha Muhammad

On Sep 16,
The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) de-notified the membership of a JUI-F MNA Maulvi Agha Muhammad in a fake degree case. He was elected from NA-261 Pishin-Ziarat.

Malik Mumtaz Khan

On Sep 18, the Rural Media Network Pakistan (RMNP) awarded its 2014 Sadiq Press Freedom Award, supported by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA), to slain journalist Malik Mumtaz Khan.

Intizar Husain

On Sep 20, veteran short story writer, novelist, journalist and poet Intizar Husain was conferred upon the ‘Officer of the Order of Arts and Letters’ by the French Ambassador to Pakistan Philppe Thiebaud in recognition of his huge contribution to Urdu literature.

He is the first Pakistani writer who has been given this award by France.

SM Tanveer

On Sep 22, SM Tanveer was elected unopposed as central chairman of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association (APTMA) for the year 2014-15.

Zarar Sehgal

On Sep 25, Zarar Sehgal, a New York-based Pakistani American attorney, was declared as “Lawyer of the Year” for Team of the Year 2014 in Asset Finance and Leasing category by Legal 500, the world’s largest legal referral firm.

Zubair Ahmad

On Sep 25, renowned Punjabi poet and short story writer from Pakistan, Zubair Ahmad’s book of short stories ‘Kabooter, Banaire te Galiaan’ in Punjabi, won the first-ever prestigious Canadian Literary Prize ‘Dahan International Punjabi Literature Prize.’

Irfan Hassan

Irfan Hassan,
of Nankana Sahib, was awarded a gold medal as he topped the MBA department of the Government College University, Faisalabad. Irfan had to abandon his studies twice because of financial constraints, but he never lost heart and fulfilled the dreams of his poor parents.

Asma Jahangir

On Sep 30,
leading human rights activist Asma Jahangir was conferred with the highest French award, ‘Officier de la Légion d’Honneur’, by the French Ambassador to Pakistan Philippe Thiebaud for her excellent role in protecting the  rights of women and minorities.

Rafay Baloch

A 21-year-old Pakistani security researcher, Rafay Baloch, helped Google fix a major security flaw in its Android operating system for smartphones, protecting the personal data of millions of smartphone users across the world.

Rafay is a professional penetration tester and author of the book ‘Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing Guide’, identified a major vulnerability in the Android Open Source Platform (AOSP) Browser.

International

Sep 16: Sweden’s Social Democratic party, which ended its longest spell in opposition in a century, formed a weak minority government. Stefan Löfven, the incoming prime minister, insisted the new government would be functional.

Sep 16: The number of hungry people in the world has dropped by 100 million over the last 10 years but one in nine are still undernourished, with Asia home to the majority of the underfed, the UN said.

The UN’s food agencies said the global number was down over 200 million since the early 1990s, but warned that despite the progress made, “about 805 million people in the world, or one in nine, suffer from hunger”.

Sep 16: Ukraine ratified a sweeping agreement with the European Union and sought to blunt the independence drive of Russia-backed separatists by offering them temporary and limited self-rule.

Sep 16: US President Barack Obama included both India and Pakistan among 22 major illicit drug producing or drug-transit countries. Afghanistan is also on the list.

Of these 22, three countries Bolivia, Myanmar and Venezuela are on a list of those who can face US sanctions.

Sep 17: Panama may be the happiest country in the world, racking up the highest score in the Gallup-Healthways Global Well-Being Index for 2013.

In contrast, conflict-afflicted countries such as Syria and Afghanistan showed the lowest scores in the survey of 135 came in at number 14 in the poll.

Sep 17:
Recognising The 11th Hour (2007) star’s contribution to salvaging the environment, the United Nations named Leonardo DiCaprio a Messenger of Peace.

Sep 18:
The US intelligence chief warned that a group of fighters trained in Afghanistan and Pakistan, known as the Khorasan Group, was emerging as another major security threat rivalled the threat posed by the Islamic State.

Sep 18: The United States will provide $46 million in new security assistance to Ukraine’s military but stop short of fulfilling an urgent request from Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko for lethal aid to help his country fight Russia-backed separatists.

Sep 19: Scots rejected independence in a referendum that left the centuries-old United Kingdom intact but headed for a major shake-up that will give more autonomy to both Scotland and England.

Despite a surge in nationalist support in the final fortnight of the campaign, the “No” secured 55.3 per cent of the vote against 44.7 per cent for the pro-independence “Yes” camp.

Sep 19: Both chambers of the US Congress authorised President Barack Obama to arm and train “moderate” rebels in Syria to fight Islamic State militants. The Senate approved a $1 trillion government-funding bill that gives the president new authority to battle the IS.

Sep 19: French jets carried out their first air strike against Islamic State militants in Iraq.

Sep 19: Pronouncing foreign leaders’ names is a headache for newsreaders the world over but it proved the downfall of one Indian news-caster, who mistook the visiting Chinese president’s name for the Roman numeral XI, calling him “Eleven Jinping” on air.

Sep 20: New Zealand’s ruling National Party stormed to a third term in government in the country’s general election. Prime Minister John Key’s centre-right party won 48.1 per cent of the vote, translating into 61 of 121 parliamentary seats.

Sep 20: The rival candidates in Afghanistan’s messy election for a new president finally struck a power-sharing deal.

Sep 20: The US Department approved the sale of 160 mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicles to Pakistan at an estimated cost of $198 million.

Sep 21: Former finance minister Ashraf Ghani was declared Afghanistan’s next president, hours after signing a power-sharing deal with his rival Abdullah Abdullah that ended a prolonged standoff over the disputed result.

Sep 21: Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and UN’s Women Global Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson launched a large solidarity movement in New York with strong calls on men and boys worldwide to raise their voice for gender equality and women’s empowerment.

Sep 21: Rival groups in Yemen signed a UN-brokered peace deal after Shia rebels seized the government headquarters and the prime minister resigned in the face of raging violence.

Sep 22: Poland’s president swore in the government of incoming Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and called on her to prepare the nation for a debate on adopting the euro.

Sep 23: The United States and its Arab allies bombed Syria for the first time, killing scores of Islamic State (IS) fighters and members of a separate Al Qaeda-linked group, opening a new front against militants by joining Syria’s three-year-old civil war.

Sep 23: A US court sentenced Osama bin Laden’s son-in-law and former Al-Qaeda spokesman Sulaiman Abu Ghaith to life in prison.

Sep 23: A prominent academic from China’s mostly-Muslim Uighur minority, Ilham Tohti, was jailed for life for “separatism”. The EU, United States and human rights groups had all been calling for the release of Ilham Tohti, a persistent but moderate government critic who campaigned for minority rights in the vast western region.

Sep 23:
The Turkish government announced to lift a ban on female students wearing the Islamic headscarf at high school.

Sep 24: India’s top court cancelled more than 200 government permits for coal mines and handed down fines worth hundreds of millions of dollars to companies after the licensing process was deemed illegal.

Sep 24: Muslim cleric Abu Qatada walked free form a Jordanian jail after being cleared of charges of conspiring in a plot to attack tourists.

Sep 24: India won Asia’s race to Mars when its unmanned Mangalyaan spacecraft successfully entered the planet’s orbit after a 10-month journey on a tiny budget.

Sep 24:
The UN Security Council, at a meeting presided over by President Barack Obama, unanimously adopted a resolution, calling for a crackdown on the flow of foreign fighters to militants organisations such as ISIS.

Sep 24: British Prime Minister David Cameron held talks with Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani at the United Nations, the first meeting between the countries’ leaders since the 1979 Revolution.

The meeting took place at the British mission office at the United Nations.

Sep 25: India’s ruling party severed ties of 25 years with its far-right ally, Shiv Sena, after days of bickering over seat-sharing in elections in the western state of Maharashtra.

Sep 25: The United States placed key members of the Islamic State group on a list of “specially designated global terrorists”. Top on the list are two IS leaders Amru al-Absi and Salim Benghalem.

The designation targets terrorists, their supporters and acts of terrorism and came hours after the UN Security Council adopted a resolution to prevent foreign fighters from joining militant groups.

Sep 25: Rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah reached an agreement for the return of their unity government to Gaza.

Sep 26: The UN Human Rights Council passed a resolution condemning so-called “vulture funds” like the ones pursuing Buenos Aires for payment on the Argentine bonds they hold.

Sep 26:
The European Union’s recent decision to appoint a special ambassador accredited to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) was seen as a welcome and long-awaited step forward in the EU’s relations with one of the world’s most dynamic and rapidly growing regions.

As a statement by the European External Action Service — the EU’s “foreign ministry” — underlined, the “important decision” reflects Europe’s growing engagement with Asean and an ambition to upgrade the existing partnership with the Southeast Asian countries grouping to a strategic one.

Sep 26:
British Parliament gave approval by 524 votes to 43 for Britain to join the US-led coalition in airstrikes against Islamic State (IS) fighters in Iraq.

Labour MP Rushanara Ali immediately resigned from the party’s front bench after the result was announced.

Sep 27: Catalonia’s president, Artur Mas i Gavarró, formally called a referendum — to be held on  November 9 — to decide whether Spain’s richest region should be independent.

Sep 27: The chief minister of India’s Tamil Nadu state, Jayalalithaa Jayaram, was sentenced to four years in Jail in a high-profile corruption case that has lasted nearly two decades.

A special court in the southern state of Karnataka found Jayalalithaa guilty of “disproportionately” amassing about Rs530 million ($8.7m) outside her known sources of income.

Sep 28:
Spanish director Carlos Vermut’s film “Magical Girl”, about a father who tries to fulfil the last wish of his ailing daughter, won the prize for best movie at this year’s San Sebastian film festival. Vermut also took the best director prize for the movie.

Sep 28:
Libya’s Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thani and his cabinet took the oath of office after lawmakers approved the line-up.

Sep 28:
Russia successfully launched a Proton-M rocket carrying a satellite into orbit in the first such launch since one of the rockets fell back to Earth soon after liftoff in May.

Sep 29: The Philippine and the US marines began military exercises close to flashpoints in the South China Sea, where Beijing is involved in bitter territorial disputes with its neighbours.

The 12-day amphibious landing exercises involving about 3,500 US marines and sailors and 1,200 Filipino counterparts were officially launched from the Philippines’ western island of Palawan facing the South China Sea.

Sep 29: Afghanistan inaugurated its first new president in a decade, swearing in technocrat Ashraf Ghani to head a power-sharing government.

Mr Abdullah Abdullah took over as country’s CEO.

Sep 29: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, pledged to boost cooperation in the most substantive interaction between the two countries’ leaders in 11 years.

Sep 30: Officials from Afghanistan and the United States signed a long-delayed bilateral security agreement to allow American troops to stay in the country after the end of the year 2014, fulfilling a campaign promise by new President Ashraf Ghani.

Afghan National Security Adviser Hanif Atmar and US Ambassador James Cunningham signed the BSA.

Sep 30: The world’s first “interactive microbe zoo,” Micropia museum, opened in Amsterdam, shining new light on the tiny creatures that make up two-thirds of all living matter and are vital for our planet’s future.

Sep 30: US President Barack Obama and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi coined a Hindi phrase “chalein saath saath” as the central premise of a defining 21st century partnership between their countries.

Oct 01: Moscow and Kazakhstan initialled an agreement on jointly building and operating what would become Kazakhstan’s only nuclear power plant.

Oct 01: Former Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg took over as the 13th Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Nato).

Oct 02: The gap between the haves and the have-nots globally is now at the same level as in the 1820s, the OECD said, warning it was one of the most “worrying” developments over the past 200 years.

In a major report on global well-being over the past two centuries, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) noted inequality shot up after globalisation took root in the 1980s.

Oct 02: France declared Independence from the European Union’s austerity-budget regime.

Oct 03: A stampede at Dussehra, a popular Hindu festival, in the city of Patna in eastern India left 32 people dead.

Oct 03: Sweden would recognise a new Palestinian state, the Nordic country’s new Prime Minister Stefan Löfven said, underlining his support for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Oct 04: Latvia’s ruling centre-right coalition led by Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma scored a resounding majority in elections.

Oct 08: If countries do not take urgent steps to stop ocean acidification, the global economy could be losing as much as $1 trillion a year by the end of the century, a United Nations report said.

The report, an updated synthesis of the Impact of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity, was issued by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the 12th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD.

Oct 08: Facebook is officially the owner of WhatsApp, after the acquisition was finalised. The deal price has risen from $19 billion to $21.8 billion.

Oct 09: A federal judge in New York rejected a bid by Aafia Siddiqui to have her conviction for shooting at American soldiers overturned.

Judge Richard Berman issued the ruling.

Oct 10: Britain’s anti-EU ‘UK Independence Party’ won its first seat in the House of Commons.

Oct 10: A Japanese court ordered Google to delete search results linking the claimant to a crime he did not commit, the latest in a series of rulings around the world on what search engines should tell users.

Oct 11: Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras comfortably won a confidence vote aimed at rallying support for his plan to abandon a widely-reviled EU/IMF aid package.

Oct 12:
Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered thousands of troops to withdraw from the border with Ukraine ahead of diplomatic talks on bringing peace to the Western backed, former Soviet republic.

Oct 13: Russia and China signed 38 energy, trade and finance agreements proclaimed by Moscow as proof that a policy turn to Asia is bearing fruit and will help it to weather Western sanctions over the Ukraine crisis.

Oct 13: Yemeni President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi named Khalid Bahah, a top diplomat, as country’s new premier. Hadi’s nomination appeared to have the consent of Huthi rebels, who seized control of much of the capital Sanaa in a lightning offensive recently.

Oct 14: British lawmakers voted to recognise Palestine as a state, a move that will not alter government policy, but carries symbolic value, as Palestinians pursue international recognition.

Oct 15: Because trans-boundary animal diseases (TADs) are causing devastating economic losses in South Asian countries, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) agreed to establish a framework for improved cooperation among member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) to combat the diseases.

Oct 15: A snowstorm and avalanche in Nepal’s Himalayas killed 17 trekkers and guides — nine foreigners and eight Nepalese — on a popular hiking route, while more than 100 others remain out of contact.

Oct 15: Australian novelist Richard Flanagan won the prestigious $79,530 Man Booker prize for literature, for his novel ‘The Narrow Road to the Deep North’, set during the building of the Thailand-Burma ‘Death Railway’ in World War Two.

Economy

Sep 19: Chinese online giant, Alibaba, made its historic Wall Street trading debut. Alibaba leapt from an offering price of $68 to $92.07 in the first trades, then headed to nearly $100 before settling back at the close to $93.89, a hefty gain of 38 per cent.

Sep 22: Alibaba Group Holding Ltd’s initial public offering now ranks the world’s biggest in history at $25 billion, after the e-commerce giant and some of its shareholders sold additional shares.

Sep 23: The European Central Bank launched the new 10-euro banknote.

The ECB is gradually phasing in new banknotes to replace those in circulation since the euro became a physical currency in January 2002.

Sep 25: China and Spain signed business deals worth about 3.2 billion euros ($4bn) during a visit by Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy to the Asian powerhouse to drum up support for his country’s economy.

Oct 03: Facebook, the world’s most popular social network, gained European Union clearance for its proposed $19 billion takeover of mobile messaging start-up WhatsApp in a deal setting it against the telecoms industry.

Sports

Sep 18: Prince Harry, fourth in line to the British throne, was appointed as the honorary president of World Cup Organizers England Rugby 2015.

Sep 19: China’s ace, Li Na, announced her retirement at the age of 32 marking an end to a career that brought her nine titles and introduced tennis to the masses in China. Li is the first Asian national to win a Grand Slam singles title.

Sep 20:
North Korea’s Om Yun Chol beat his own world record in the men’s 56kg clean and jerk by 1kg to grab the weight-lifting gold. Om, the 2012 Olympic champion and 2013 world champion, lifted 170kg to earn North Korea’s first gold medal at the Games.

Om also had a combined total of 298kg to mark an Asian Games record after lifting 128 kg in the snatch.

Sep 24: Singapore’s Joseph Schooling became the first male Singapore swimmer to win Asian Games gold since 1982.

Sep 24: The Qatar women’s basketball team forfeited a game at the Asian Games after being refused permission to wear the hijab, saying they were taking a stand against what they say is a discriminatory policy against Muslim women.

Sep 26: A group of international cricketers set a new record for the highest-ever match with a lung- busting effort at the top of Kilimanjaro.

The teams, including English bowling legend Ashley Giles and South African icon Makhaya Ntini, the country’s first black Test player, trekked to the roof of Africa before dawn and played ten overs each of a Twenty20 game before cloud stopped play.

The game was played at 5,730 metres (18,910 feet), in the flat crater just below Kilimanjaro’s 5,895-metre summit.

The standing record for the world’s highest game has been 5,165 metres, played in the Himalayas at Everest base camp in Nepal in 2009.

Sep 26:
Superheavyweight Olympic champion Zhou Lulu hoisted the largest single weight ever by a woman. She broke Russian Tatiana Kashrina’s world record in the clean and jerk by 2kg, with 192kg (422lb), and equalled the Russian’s combined record of 334kg (735lb), both set last year.

Oct 02:
India beat Pakistan in a penalty shoot-out to win back the Asian Games hockey title after 16 years and earned direct entry to the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

 Oct 03: Sri Lanka denied Afghanistan their first ever Asian Games gold medal as they overcame a batting slump to win the final by 68 runs.

Oct 05: Chennai Super Kings won the Champions League T20 final at the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium.

Oct 05: World number one Novak Djokovic destroyed Tomas Berdych in a lop-sided contest to win his fifth China Open crown. Maria Sharapova overcame Petra Kvitova in the women’s final.

Oct 09:
Former undisputed world champion Jermain Taylor captured the International Boxing Federation (IBF) middleweight title with a unanimous decision over Australian Sam Soliman.

Oct 12:
Marc Marquez retained his MotoGP title with a fighting second place finish in the Japanese Grand Prix.

Oct 12: Roger Federer edged a resilient Gilles Simon of France to win the Shanghai Masters and claim the 81st title of his career.

Oct 12: Lewis Hamilton reeled off his fourth consecutive victory to extend his lead in the Formula One drivers’ title race and secure Mercedes’ maiden triumph in the constructors’ championship when he won the inaugural Russian Grand Prix in emphatic fashion.

Oct 09: Japan’s Kohei Uchimura won a record-stretching fifth straight all-around title at the world gymnastics championships in Nanning, China.

Obituaries

Sep 16: Tony Auth, a Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist who for more than 40 years drew sharp and often darkly comic lines of attack across the spectrum of American life, finding absurdities in all corners of it, died. He was 72.

Sep 24:
Oleg Ivanovsky, a Russian engineer in the early years of the space race who helped design Sputnik, the first satellite to orbit Earth, and Vostok 1, the craft that carried the astronaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, died. He was 92.

Oct 05: Yuri Lyubimov, a director who dominated Russian theatre for half a century, died at 97.

Lyubimov founded and headed Moscow’s Taganka Theatre for 50 years, winning worldwide renowned for his hugely visual and inventive shows.

Oct 04: Haiti’s former dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, who ruled the impoverished Caribbean nation from 1971 until his ouster in 1986, died. He was 63.

Oct 08: Tony-winner Geoffrey Holder, a cultural giant who dazzled fans with his dancing, acting and art work in a multifaceted career that spanned over six decades, died at 84.

Oct 09: Vic Braden, a 1950s tennis standout who became a top US instructor, died. He was 85.

Science

Sep 22: Nasa’s MAVEN spacecraft began orbiting Mars, on mission to study how the Red Planet’s climate changed over time from warm and wet to cold and dry.

The unmanned orbiter has travelled more than 10 months and 442 million miles (711 million kilometres) to reach Mars for a first-of-its kind look at the planet’s upper atmosphere.

Sep 30: The discovery of a new shape of brain cell has neuroscientists scratching their heads over what the function of these neurons might be. Though neurons come in different shapes and sizes, the basic blueprint consists of a cell body, from which protrude spindly appendages called dendrites and axons. Dendrites are branchlike structures that receive signals from other nerve cells and deliver them to the cell body. The neuron then processes the signals and zaps along information to the next cell via a long projection called the axon.

At least, that’s how it normally works. The newly discovered cells have a different, and until now, unknown process. In these cells, the signals skip the cell body altogether, instead travelling along an axon that projects directly from one of the dendrites.

Oct 04: A 36-year-old Swede has become the world’s first woman to give birth after receiving a womb transplant, doctors said, describing the event as a breakthrough for infertile women.

Because of a genetic condition called Rokitansky syndrome, the new mother was born without a womb, although her ovaries were intact.

The surgeons said the case smashes through the last major barrier of female infertility the absence of a uterus as a result of heredity or surgical removal for medical reasons.

The replacement organ came from a 61-year-old woman. The organ was transplanted in a 10-hour operation last year.

Oct 08: Sky watchers in the Americas and Asia were treated to a lunar eclipse, a celestial show that bathed the moon in a reddish tint to create a ‘blood moon’.

During the total lunar eclipse, light beams into Earth’s shadow, filling it with a coppery glow that gives it a red hue.

People in News

Elizabeth Holmes

America’s youngest self-made female billionaire, 30-year-old Elizabeth Holmes, was a college dropout. But, the company she founded has the potential to change healthcare for millions of Americans.

Elizabeth Holmes left Stanford University at 19 with a plan to start her own company. For money, she cashed out the funds her parents had saved for tuition. Now, she counts billionaire Larry Ellison as an investor and has former secretaries of state on her board.

Kjell Stefan Löfven

Kjell Stefan Löfven, the 33rd Prime Minster of Sweden, had worked as a welder before becoming an active trade unionist and rising to lead the powerful IF Metall from 2006 to 2012.

Jason Isbell

On Sep 18, singer-songwriter Jason Isbell won artist, album and song of the year awards at the Americana Honors & Awards.

Padmini Prakash

On Sep 20, Lotus News, an Indian television news station, recruited the country’s first transgender news anchor, Padmini Prakash, five months after a court ruled that transgender people be recognised as a legal third gender.

Jack Ma

On Sep 23, Jack Ma of e-commerce giant Alibaba became China’s richest person with a fortune of $25 billion, an annual wealth ranking for the country showed.

Ma, who had to persuade friends to give him $60,000 to start Alibaba just 15 years ago after being rejected by US venture capitalists, now leads a company valued at more than $200bn after listing on the New York Stock Exchange.

Edward Snowden & Alan Rusbridger

On Sep 24, the former NSA contactor, Edward Snowden, won the 2014 Right Livelihood Award, a Swedish human rights award sometimes referred to as the “alternative Nobel”, for his disclosures of top secret surveillance programmes. He split the honorary portion of the Award with Alan Rusbridger, editor of British newspaper The Guardian.

Major Mariam al-Mansouri

On Sep 25, Major Mariam al-Mansouri, reportedly the first female UAE pilot of a fighter jet, led United Arab Emirates air strikes that targeted Islamic State jihadists in Syria as part of the US-led campaign against extremists.

Mansouri graduated from Abu Dhabi’s Khalifa bin Zayed Air College in 2007 and is veteran pilot of F-16 warplanes.

Angelina Jolie

On Oct 10, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth made actress Angelina Jolie an honorary Dame in recognition of her campaigning to end sexual violence in war zones and for services to UK foreign policy.

Places in News

Toronto, Canada

On Sep 16, the Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Aga Khan IV formally opened the Ismaili Centre Toronto and Aga Khan Museum. The projects are intended to foster knowledge and understanding both within Muslim societies and between these societies and other cultures.

New York, USA

The first World Conference on Indigenous Peoples, a High-level Plenary meeting of the 69th session of the UN General Assembly, was held at UNHQ in New York from 22nd to 23rd September, bringing together Heads of State and Government, Member States, hundreds of Indigenous representatives from around the world, UN agencies and civil society representatives.  It marked the opening of the UN General Assembly’s annual general debate.

New York, USA

On Sep 23, more than 120 heads of states and governments, business, finance and civil society representatives announced commitments that will reduce emissions, enhance resistance to climate change and mobilise financing for climate action at the UN Climate Change Summit opened.

Makkah, Saudi Arabia

On Oct 03, Saudi Arabia’s grand mufti Sheikh Abdul Aziz al-Sheikh asked Muslim leaders that they must strike the enemies of Islam with “an iron hand”, in his Haj sermon, in apparent condemnation of the Islamic State (IS) group.

Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE

On Oct 14, a brand new lounge located on the 148th floor of the Burj Khalifa, became the highest man-made observation deck on the planet, at a staggering 555.7m above ground, Guinness World Records announced.

MCQs
National

1. Mir Sultan Ibrahim was a ruler of the Turkhan dynasty which ruled ______, from 1551 to 1608 AD.
A. Delhi        B. Punjab
C. Sindh        D. Hyderabad

2. On Sep 17, the US launched ‘Ambassador’s Fund for Culture Preservation (AFCP)’, in ______.
A. Punjab    B. Sindh
C. FATA        D. Balochistan

3. On Sep 18, Maj Gen Bilal Akbar took over as the ______ DG of Pakistan Rangers, Sindh.
A. 12th        B. 17th
C. 23rd        D. 29th

4. The Country Director of the UNDP in Pakistan, Marc-André Franche, is a Colombian and ______ national.
A. Australian    B. Canadian
C. Serbian    D. French

5. On Sep 19, ______ signed a joint venture project contract with Sinohydro and Hajvairy Group for the construction of civil works for Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project.
A. NEPRA    B. Punjab
C. Khyber PK    D. WAPDA

6. On Sep 20, veteran short story writer, novelist, journalist and poet ______ was conferred upon the ‘Officer of the Order of Arts and Letters’.
A. Amjad Islam Amjad
B. Intizar Husain
C. Ataul Haq Qasmi
D. Mushtaq Soofi

7. The federal cabinet decided to lift a ban on government jobs on ______.
A. Sep 16    B. Sep 20
C. Sep 21    D. Sep 22

8. On Sep 22, Lt Gen Rizwan Akhtar was appointed as the ______ chief of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).
A. 17th        B. 19th
C. 21st        D. 24th

9. The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) was founded in ______.
A. 1947        B. 1948
C. 1952        D. 1956

10. Gas Infrastructure Development Cess (GIDC) Ordinance 2014 was promulgated on ______.
A. Sep 20    B. Sep 22
C. Sep 24    D. Sep 26

11. Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif addresses the 69th session of the UN General Assembly on ______.
A. Sep 20    B. Sep 22
C. Sep 24    D. Sep 26

12. On Sep 26, the government appointed ______ as Chairperson Punjab Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority (TEVTA).
A. Irfan Qaisar Sheikh
B. Bilal Yasin
C. Rana Sanaullah
D. Dr Tauqeer Shah

13. The Balochistan High Court restrained the Chairman of the BPSC, Ashraf Magsi, from taking part in interviews for jobs in government departments on ______.
A. Sep 24    B. Sep 26
C. Sep 28    D. Sep 30

14. The present Khan of Kalat is ______.
A. Agha Suleman Daud
B. Mir Shah Nawaz Khan
C. Mir Mohammad Azam Jan
D. Mir Abdul Qudoos Bizenjo

15. Pakistan ranks ______ in the foreign direct investment friendly countries.
A. 62nd        B. 82nd
C. 112nd    D. 162nd

16. On Oct 01, Indonesia conferred the highest Military Awards ‘Bintang Jalsena Utama and Bintang Yudha Dharma Utama’ on ______.
A. Gen Raheel Sharif
B. Admiral Muhammad Asif Sandila
C. Admiral Zakaullah
D. Lt. Gen Ahmad Shuja Pasha

17. All decimal coins of paisa 1,2,5,10,25 and 50 ceased to be a legal tender in Pakistan from _______.
A. Sep 28    B. Sep 30
C. Oct 01    D. Oct 15

18. On Oct 04, _______ was appointed as the national technical focal person of the Prime Minister’s Polio Monitoring and Coordination Cell.
A. Dr Umar Qadir Baloch
B. Sikandar Hayat Bosan
C. Fawad Hassan Fawad
D. Abdul Qadir Baloch

19. Under the “Fata Youth Package” ______ youths from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas will be inducted into the army over five years.
A. 10,000    B. 14,000
C. 18,000    D. 25,000

20. Grand Jamia Mosque in Bahria Town Lahore, completed at the cost of about Rs4 billion, is the world’s ______ largest mosque.
A. 3rd        B. 5th
C. 6th        D. 7th

21. Education activist Malala Yousufzai became the youngest Nobel Laureate ever when she won the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize at the age of ______.
A. 15 years    B. 16 years
C. 17 years    D. 18 years

22. The 61st Conference of Commonwealth Parliamentary Assembly (CPA) will be held in ______.
A. Pakistan    B. Bangladesh
C. Malaysia     D. Australia

23. The first electricity ever generated in the territories we now call Pakistan was from a microhydel scheme in ______.
A. Zhob        B. Qila Abdullah
C. Abbottabad    D. Renala Khurd

24. On Oct 14, the Pakistan Petroleum Limited announced discovery of gas and condensate in Sindh’s ______ district.
A. Sanghar    B. Larkana
C. Thatta    D. Badin

International
1. The founder and chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network, Prince Shah Karim Al Husseini, a.k.a. Aga Khan IV, is the ______ hereditary Imam of the Ismailis.
A. 18th        B. 32nd
C. 42nd        D. 49th

2. On Sep 16, Ukraine ratified a sweeping agreement with the ______ and offered the separatists temporary and limited self-rule.
A. Nato        B. EU
C. US        D. Russia

3. According the Gallup-Healthways Global Well-Being Index for 2013, ______ was declared the happiest country in the world.
A. Panama    B. Denmark
C. Costa Rica    D. Austria

4. On Sep 17, the United Nations named, ______, as a Messenger of Peace.
A. Jennifer Aniston
B. Angelina Jolie
C. Brad Pitt   
D. Leonardo DiCaprio

5. Former UN Secretary General, Dag Hammarskjold, was killed in a plane crash outside the Northern Rhodesian town of Ndola on Sep 17, ______.
A. 1961        B. 1965
C. 1973        D. 1985

6. On Sep 19, the Scots rejected independence in a referendum with a ‘NO’ vote of ______.
A. 51.3%        B. 52.3%
C. 53.3%        D. 57.3%

7. On Sep 19, the US Senate approved a $1 trillion government-funding bill that gives the president new authority for ______.
A. Homeland Security
B. Combating Taliban
C. UN Fund
D. Battling the IS

8. Pāremata Aotearoa, the 121-seat Parliament of New Zealand, is located in ______.
A. Hokitika    B. Auckland
C. Wellington    D. Christchurch

9. Afghanistan’s former finance minister Ashraf Ghani was declared country’s next president on ______.
A. Sep 18    B. Sep 19
C. Sep 20    D. Sep 21

10. On Sep 22, ______ president swore in the government of incoming Prime Minster Ewa Kopacz.
A. Serbia’s    B. Poland’s
C. Sweden’s    D. Ukraine’s

11. The United States and its Arab allies bombed Syria for the first time on ______.
A. Sep 20    B. Sep 22
C. Sep 23    D. Sep 27

12. Nasa’s spacecraft that is orbiting Mars to study how the Red Planet’s climate changed over time is named ______.
A. MAVEN    B. Orion
C. MPCV        D. Dawn

13. On Sep 23, a US court sentenced
Sulaiman Abu Ghaith, Osama bin Laden’s ______, to life in prison.
A. Stepbrother    B. Nephew
C. Son-in-law    D. Brother-in-law

14. India’s unmanned spacecraft that successfully entered the planet’s orbit is named ______.
A. Mangalyaan    B. Aryabhata
C. Buddha    D. Bhaskara

15. On Sep 24, British Prime Minister David Cameron held talks with Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, the first meeting between the countries’ leaders since ______.
A. 1979        B. 1984
C. 1992        D. 2000

16. Asean consists of ______ members.
A. 8        B. 10
C. 16        D. 18

17. Jayalalithaa Jayaram, who, on Sep 27, was sentenced to four years in Jail in a high-profile corruption case, is the chief minister of India’s ______ state.
A. Haryana    B. Karnataka
C. Maharashtra    D. Tamil Nadu

18. On Sep 28, Abdullah al-Thani took over as the Prime Minister of ______.
A. Bahrain    B. Libya
C. Jordan    D. Palestine

19. On Sep 29, the Philippine and ______ began military exercises in country’s western island of Palawan facing the South China Sea.
A. S. Korea    B. India
C. US        D. China

20. Afghanistan inaugurated its first new president in a decade, Ashraf Ghani, on ______.
A. Sep 26    B. Sep 27
C. Sep 28    D. Sep 29

21. According to the US-Afghanistan BSA, ______ American troops shall remain in Afghanistan after 2014.
A. 9000        B. 9800
C. 10500        D. 15000

22. On Oct 1, ______ and Kazakhstan initialled an agreement on jointly building and operating what would become Kazakhstan’s only nuclear power plant.
A. US        B. Germany
C. Russia    D. China

23. On Oct 03, ______ announced that it would recognise a new Palestinian state, becoming the first European country to make such a move.
A. France    B. Sweden
C. Germany    D. Denmark

24. On Oct 08, Facebook officially became the owner of ______.
A. Twitter    B. Viber
C. Skype        D. WhatsApp

25. On Oct 13, ______ and China signed 38 energy, trade and finance agreements.
A. India        B. Russia
C. France    D. Germany

26. On Oct 13, Yemeni President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi named ______ as country’s new premier.
A. Khalid Bahah   
B. Ali Abdullah Saleh
C. Ahmed Hassan Abu Khanir
D. Ali Muhammad Mujawar

27. Man Booker prize for Literature 2014 went to ______.
A. King Kohei
B. Richard Flanagan
C. Jean Tirole
D. Yusuke Tanaka

28. Former Norwegian prime minister, Jens Stoltenberg, is the ______ Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (Nato).
A. 6th        B. 8th
C. 10th        D. 13th

29. The world’s three biggest carbon polluting nations are ______, the US and India.
A. UK        B. China
C. Pakistan    D. Japan

30. Das Kapital, one of the major works of the 19th-centruy economist and philosopher Karl Marx (1818-83), was published in ______.
A. 1845        B. 1859
C. 1867        D. 1881

Sports

1. Pakistan’s first medal at the 17th Asian Games was won by ______.
A. Syed Maratib Ali Shah
B. Women’s Cricket Team
C. Mohammad Waseem
D. Saeed Hasan Shah

2. First Asian national to win a Grand Slam singles title is China’s ______.
A. Hao Jie    B. Ren Jing
C. Zhu Lin    D. Li Na

3. On Sep 24, women’s basketball team of ______ forfeited a game at the Asian Games after being refused permission to wear the hijab
A. Qatar        B. Iran
C. Saudi Arabia    D. Malaysia

3. On Sep 26, Pakistan beat ______ to retain their gold medal in the Asian Games women’s Twenty20 cricket tournament.
A. Afghanistan    B. China
C. Bangladesh    D. India

4. On Sep 26, a group of international cricketers set a new record for the highest-ever match — 5,730 metres (18,910 feet) — at the top of Mount ______.
A. Aconcagua    B. Elbrus
C. McKinley    D. Kilimanjaro

5. The clean and jerk world record of 192 kilograms is held by ______ weightlifter Zhou Lulu.
A. S. Korean    B. Chinese
C. Thai        D. Japanese

6. On Sep 28, ______ won the National T20 Cup.
A. Peshawar Panthers
B. Lahore Lions
C. Rawalpindi Rams
D. Faisalabad Wolves

7. On Oct 05, ______ won the Champions League T20 final.
A. Chennai Super Kings
B. Kings XI Punjab
C. Hyderabad Hurricanes
D. Kolkata Knight Riders

8. At present, ______ is the World number one player of Tennis.
A. Roger Federer     B. Novak Djokovic
C. Rafael Nadal    D. Jermain Taylor

9. Polo World Cup 2015 will be played in ______.
A. Austria    B. China
C. Pakistan    D. Nepal

10. Oct 09, ______ Kohei Uchimura won the fifth straight all-around title at the World Gymnastics Championships in Nanning, China.
A. Malaysia’s    B. China’s
C. Thailand’s    D. Japan’s

Obituaries

1. On Sep 16, Tony Auth, a Pulitzer Prize-winning ______ died.
A. Cartoonist    B. Writer
C. Poet        D. Architect

2. Oleg Ivanovsky, a Russian engineer who helped design Sputnik, the first satellite to orbit Earth, died on ______.
A. Sep 20    B. Sep 22
C. Sep 24    D. Sep 26

3. Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, who died on Oct 4, was the former dictator of ______.
A. Liberia     B. Ethiopia
C. Haiti        D. Niger

4. Najeebullah Khan Niazi, an MPA from PP-49, and a cousin of PTI chairman Imran Khan died on ______.
A. Oct 4        B. Oct 6
C. Oct 8        D. Oct

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