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1 October 2016, National & International Current Affairs

NATIONAL

Oct 01: Pakistan Army took a group of 40 journalists, both local and foreign, to two of the seven places Indians claim to challenge Indian claim of having conducted surgical strikes.

kashmir

Oct. 01: The Sindh cabinet decided to lift the ban on recruitment in all government departments.

Highlights

  1. Around 90,000 positions are vacant in Sindh government departments and nearly half of them were to be filled by promoting officials.
  2. Some 50,000 positions would be filled through selection committee and Sindh Public Service Commission, according to their pay and scale.
  3. The Sindh CM ordered all the ministries to hold meetings of their respective Departmental Promotion Committees (DPCs) so that serving officials were promoted to fill the posts.

Oct. 01: The stipend of the beneficiaries of the BISP was increased by Rs45 per month to reach Rs. 19,338 per annum.

Oct. 01: The United Nations rejected India’s claim of carrying out a ‘cross border surgical strike’ by saying that its mission “has not directly observed” any such incident along the LoC.

Oct. 01: Pakistan became the second most successful team in the 50-over format when it beat W. indies in the first ODI match at Sharjah.

Top 5 Teams

Team

Span

Mat

Won

Lost

Tied

%

Australia

1971-2016

885

547

297

9

64.65

Pakistan

1973-2016

865

456

383

8

54.30

India

1974-2016

899

454

399

7

53.19

West Indies

1973-2016

743

376

335

8

52.85

Sri Lanka

1975-2016

777

365

373

5

49.46

INTERNATIONAL

Oct. 01: China blocked a tributary of the Brahmaputra river as part of a major hydroelectric project.

The blockage of a tributary of the Yarlung Zangbo river is part of China’s “most expensive” hydro project whose construction began in 2014.

About the Brahmaputra

The Brahmaputra originates from the Angsi glacier in western Tibet, southeast of Mount Kailash and Mansarovar Lake.

The Brahmaputra passes through the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and Bangladesh.

Throughout its upper course the river is generally known as the Tsangpo (“Purifier”); it is also known by its Chinese name (Yarlung Zangbo) and by other local Tibetan names.

Chinese Response

China’s action falls within the parameters of the larger Lalho project that began in 2014.

The Lalho project on the Xiabuqu river, a Brahmaputra tributary, at Xigaze in Tibet entails an investment of $740 million.

The multipurpose enterprise, which includes construction of two power stations, was scheduled for completion in 2019.

The outline of China’s 12th Five Year Plan indicates that three more hydropower projects on the mainstream of the Brahmaputra river in Tibet autonomous region have been approved for implementation.

Comments

While there is no water treaty between the countries, India and China established an Expert Level Mechanism (ELM) on trans-border rivers and in October 2013 the two governments signed an MoU on strengthening cooperation on trans-border rivers under which Beijing provides data to India on the water flows.

The blockade of the Brahmaputra River tributary comes at a time when India’s reported decision to suspend talks with Pakistan under Indus Water Treaty as part of its efforts to hit back at Pakistan in the aftermath of the Uri attack.

china

Oct. 01: China’s yuan, also known as the renminbi, or “people’s money,” joined the IMF’s basket of reserve currencies.

Oct. 01:  The ‘Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific’, an unprecedented United Nations treaty that will cut trade time and costs in the Asia Pacific region has been opened for signature at the United Nations headquarters in New York.

Open to all 53 member states of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), this is the first regional agreement of its kind to focus on implementing advanced trade facilitation measures, specifically to achieve paperless trade across borders. It will enter into force 90 days after five countries have ratified the agreement.

Oct. 01: Petra Kvitova won the Wuhan Open 2016 final by defeating Dominika Cibulkova.

Oct. 01: Scottish boxer Mike Towell, suffered serious injuries in a welterweight bout in Glasgow, died at 25.

Oct. 01: Turkey’s parliament approved a one-year extension of the mandate to use Turkish troops abroad in Syria and Iraq.

Oct. 01: President Erdogan became the first Turkish leader to publicly dispute the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923 that set the borders of modern of modern Turkey.

About the Treaty

The Treaty of Lausanne was signed at Lausanne, Switzerland on 24th of July 1923.

It was signed by representatives of Turkey (successor to the Ottoman Empire) on one side and by Britain, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) on the other.

The treaty recognized the boundaries of the modern state of Turkey.

Turkey made no claim to its former Arab provinces and recognized British possession of Cyprus and Italian possession of the Dodecanese.

The Allies dropped their demands of autonomy for Turkish Kurdistan and Turkish cession of territory to Armenia, abandoned claims to spheres of influence in Turkey, and imposed no controls over Turkey’s finances or armed forces.

The Turkish straits between the Aegean Sea and the Black Sea were declared open to all shipping.

Oct. 01: London’s iconic Tower Bridge was closed to vehicles for three months.

42  Tower Bridge has been built at a height of around 42 meters above the Thames River.

432  It took eight years, five major contractors and labor of 432 construction workers to complete the Tower Bridge.

11,000  11,000 tons of steel was used to construct the framework for Towers and Walkways.

244  The total length of Tower Bridge is 244 m (800 ft), while its longest span is 61 m (200 ft).

1977  Tower Bridge was painted red, white and blue in 1977, as a part of the Queen’s Silver Jubilee celebrations.

Tower Bridge was built between 1886 and 1894

Oct. 01: Iran’s Revolutionary Guards unveiled a home-built drone, called Saegheh, or lightning. The drone appears to be a copy of a reconnaissance US drone that Iran captured five years ago.

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