Boko Haram is among the most vicious terrorist groups operating in North Africa. It has caused havoc in Nigeria’ Africa’s most populous country’ through a wave of bombings, assassinations and abductions. The region is home to some of the worst extremists in the world. This militant group wants to institute sharia system in Nigeria.
Boko Haram promotes a version of Islam which makes it ‘haram’, or forbidden, for Muslims to take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. The group regards the Nigerian state as being run by non-believers. It is responsible for more than 4,000 deaths in 2014, according to the Nigeria Security Tracker.
Boko Haram has also stepped up its campaign against Western education, which it believes corrupts the moral values of Muslims, especially girls, by attacking two boarding schools – in Yobe in March and in Chibok in April.
Activities in 2014
January 26, 2014 – At least 45 were killed in a market in Kawuri in Borno after Boko Haram militants open fire.
February 11, 2014 – At least 23 people were killed when Boko Haram militants torch houses in the village of Konduga, according to the governor of Borno state.
April 14, 2014 – Boko Haram militants kidnap approximately 276 teenage girls from a boarding school in Chibok in Borno. Officials there say some of the girls were able to escape.
May 5, 2014 – In a video statement, a man claiming to be Shekau said, ‘I abducted your girls. I will sell them in the market, by Allah. Allah says I should sell. He commands me to sell. I will sell women. I sell women.’
May 13, 2014 – Hundreds of Boko Haram militants stormed three villages in the state of Borno.
May 22, 2014 – The UN Security Council added Boko Haram to its sanctions list.
June 3-4, 2014 – Hundreds of people are killed in raids by Boko Haram Islamic militants in the state of Borno.
June 18-22, 2014 – Boko Haram militants held the village of Kummabza in Borno state, northeastern Nigeria, hostage for four days. They abduct 60 females, including children, and kill 30 men in the raid.