The discipline of criminology has established itself in the developed world, and is now emerging as a field of immense interest in the developing and transitional nations. We are now seeing not only academic institutions and justice agencies, but also many professional societies of criminology engaging in the promotion of criminological knowledge and research around the globe. Pakistan, though lagging a bit behind, has joined the rank of such countries by introducing criminology as an integral part of academic curricula in the law-enforcement training institutes. It has also been included as an optional subject of 100 marks in syllabus for CSS. The following article is aimed at presenting some basic concepts of criminology for aspirants of competitive exams as well as the general readers.
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