Foreign policies are, in most cases, designed through coalitions of domestic and international actors and groups. When analyzing the head of government, or in other words, the executor of foreign policies, many motivating factors can be identified to explain the rationale behind decisions taken. Some factors of influence include the leader’s own personality and cognition, degree of rationality, domestic politics and international and domestic interest groups. However out of all the factors mentioned, it is domestic political environment that shapes the entire framework of decision-making in a country even in international context. The scope of the head of government in making decisions is first and foremost defined by the political system where he is operating. Depending on the power vested in his post and the importance of political and public consensus in the state in question, the head of government can make foreign policy decisions. Other factors such as rationality, personality, international organizations also hold influence on the head of government. However, they can also be compromised by the political environment, again depending on the kind of system practiced.
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