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19 September 2016 Current Affairs

National

Sep 19: Chaudhry Tufail of PML-N won NA-162 Chichawatni, by-election.

Sep 19: Habib Metro Bank won ‘Leading Partner Bank in Pakistan’ and ‘Leading SME Trade Bank’ awards by the Asian Development Bank.

International

Sep 19: China and Russia carried out joint naval exercises dubbed as Joint Sea-2016 in the resource-rich South China Sea.

Sep 19: An Australian-led consortium with Chinese investment won a 50-year-lease the nation’s biggest container and cargo port for Aus$9.7 billion (US$7.3bn).

Sep 19: Twitter announced to ease its 140-character limit on tweets.

Sep 19: Vladimir Putin’s United Russia won a record number of seats in polls for State Duma.

Sep 19: Paralympic Games ended in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Top 10 Countries

Country

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total

China

107

81

51

239

Great Britain

64

39

44

147

Ukraine

41

37

39

117

United States

40

44

31

115

Australia

22

30

29

81

Germany

18

25

14

57

Netherlands

17

19

26

62

Brazil

14

29

29

72

Italy

10

14

15

39

Poland

9

18

12

39

 

Sept. 19: At UN General Assembly’s first-ever Summit for Refugees and Migrants, which opened in New York, USA, world leaders adopted “The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants” which expresses the political will of world leaders to protect the rights of refugees and migrants.

What are the commitments?

These include, to:

  1. Protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions.
  2. Ensure that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival.
  3. Prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence.
  4. Support those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants.
  5. Work towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status.
  6. Strongly condemn xenophobia against refugees and migrants and support a global campaign to counter it.
  7. Strengthen the positive contributions made by migrants to economic and social development in their host countries.
  8. Improve the delivery of humanitarian and development assistance to those countries most affected, including through innovative multilateral financial solutions, with the goal of closing all funding gaps.
  9. Implement a comprehensive refugee response, based on a new framework that sets out the responsibility of Member States, civil society partners and the UN system, whenever there is a large movement of refugees or a protracted refugee situation.
  10. Find new homes for all refugees identified by UNHCR as needing resettlement; and expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through, for example, labour mobility or education schemes.
  11. Strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration into the UN system.

What will happen next?

The New York Declaration also contains concrete plans for how to build on these commitments: 

  1. Start negotiations leading to an international conference and the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018. The agreement to move toward this comprehensive framework is a momentous one. It means that migration, like other areas of international relations, will be guided by a set of common principles and approaches.
  2. Develop guidelines on the treatment of migrants in vulnerable situations. These guidelines will be particularly important for the increasing number of unaccompanied children on the move.
  3. Achieve a more equitable sharing of the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world’s refugees by adopting a global compact on refugees in 2018.

Emmy Awards 2016: The Winners List

Drama Series: “Game of Thrones” (HBO)

Comedy Series: “Veep” (HBO)

Mini-Series or Movie: “The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story” (FX)

TV Movie: “Sherlock: The Abominable Bride (Masterpiece)” (PBS)

Variety Talk Series: “Last Week Tonight With John Oliver” (HBO)

Variety Sketch Series: “Key & Peele” (Comedy Central)

Actor in a Comedy Series: Jeffrey Tambor, “Transparent”

Actress in a Comedy Series: Julia Louis-Dreyfus, “Veep”

Actor in a Drama Series: Rami Malek, “Mr. Robot”

Actress in a Drama Series: Tatiana Maslany, “Orphan Black”

Actor in a Mini-Series or Movie: Courtney B. Vance, “The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story”

Actress in a Mini-Series or Movie: Sarah Paulson, “The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story”

Supporting Actor in a Drama: Ben Mendelsohn, “Bloodline”

Supporting Actress in a Drama: Maggie Smith, “Downton Abbey”

Supporting Actor in a Comedy: Louie Anderson, “Baskets”

Supporting Actress in a Comedy: Kate McKinnon, “Saturday Night Live”

Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or Movie: Sterling K. Brown, “The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story”

Supporting Actress in a Mini-Series or Movie: Regina King, “American Crime”

Reality Host: RuPaul Charles, “RuPaul’s Drag Race” (Logo)

Reality Competition Program: “The Voice” (NBC)

Writing for a Comedy Series: Aziz Ansari and Alan Yang, “Master of None” (“Parents”)

Writing for a Drama Series: David Benioff and D.B. Weiss, “Game of Thrones” (“Battle of the Bastards”)

Writing for a Mini-Series or Movie: D.V. DeVincentis, “The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story” (“Marcia, Marcia, Marcia”)

Writing for a Variety Series: “Last Week Tonight With John Oliver”

Writing for a Variety Special: Patton Oswalt, “Patton Oswalt: Talking for Clapping”

Directing for a Comedy Series: Jill Soloway, “Transparent” (“Man on the Land”)

Directing for a Drama Series: Miguel Sapochnik, “Game of Thrones” (“Battle of the Bastards”)

Directing for a Mini-Series or Movie: Susanne Bier, “The Night Manager”

Directing for a Variety Series: Ryan McFaul, “Inside Amy Schumer”

Directing for a Variety Special: Thomas Kail and Alex Rudzinski, “Grease: Live”

Guest Actor in a Drama Series: Hank Azaria, “Ray Donovan”

Guest Actress in a Drama Series: Margo Martindale, “The Americans”

Guest Actor in a Comedy Series: Peter Scolari, “Girls”

Guest Actress in a Comedy Series: Tina Fey and Amy Poehler, “Saturday Night Live”

Key Points from CJP’s Speech on the start of the New Judicial year 2016-17

  1. The Constitution had specifically mentioned duties and jurisdiction of all the institutions, hence all were required to discharge their duties within the limits of law and the Constitution in order to ensure good governance in the country.
  2. Keeping in view the changing social and economic situation of the country, it was imperative for all the institutions of the country to move forward with mutual consensus in order to cope with the challenges facing the country.
  3. Keeping in view their constitutional obligation, they cannot shut their eyes and wherever there were violations of fundamental rights, it was mandatory for the courts to intervene and to ensure protection of fundamental rights of the people.
  4. The country is facing terrorism, although some foreign elements were involved in the incidents of terrorism but to somehow these foreign elements have also the support from local as well. Unfortunately, some political parties support terrorists for personal interests.
  5. In Karachi and Balochistan law and order cases, the court had mentioned that links of some insurgent elements were found with some political and religious parties which should be discouraged at the earliest while tackling the issue of terrorism.
  6. Not only the lawyers community, but the courts were also facing terrorism as when the courts take up the cases of terrorism and begun to punish insurgents, terrorist and their supporters, the judiciary was frightened and subjected to terrorism.
  7. Quaid-i-Azam did not seek to turn Pakistan into a secular country. Instead he envisaged a land with religious freedom to all religions adding terrorism will get a boost in case the society is compartmentalised on the basis of religion.

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