21 October 2016, Daily National & International Current Affairs


Oct 21: Pakistan signed an agreement with Nigeria for the sale of 10 Super Mushshak aircraft.

About Super Mushshak Aircraft

  1. Super Mushshak is an advanced variant of the Mushshak basic trainer, which was also produced by Pakistan Aeronautical Complex.
  2. It is based off a Swedish design but built under license in Pakistan.
  3. The PAF put up Super Mushshak for static as well as aerial display in last year’s Dubai Air Show, where many nations expressed interest in the aircraft.
  4. The aircraft is already in service with Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iran and South Africa.
  5. Talks are also at an advanced stage with Qatar and Turkey for the delivery of Super Mushshak.
  6. Super Mushshak is a ‘major success story’ of Pakistan and reflects the country’s potential to become one of the main exporters of such high-tech military equipment.

Oct 21: Mayor of Islamabad signed Islamabad Green Charter to adopt United Nations Urban Environmental Accords for the capital city.

The federal capital has become 101st city of the world and first of the country to adopt action plan based upon UN Urban Environmental Accords.

Oct 21: The FAO, in collaboration with USAID, established 826 community organisations in Balochistan to increase the production, sale and revenues from crops and livestock.

Oct 21: Rizwan Azam won the men’s singles title while Palwasha Bashir won the women’s title at the International Series Badminton Tournament.


Oct 21: Turkey and Iraq reached an agreement regarding the involvement of Turkish forces in the military offensive in Mosul.

Importance of the Agreement

Turkey has a training base and heavy weapons in Iraq’s Bashiqa region, where it has been training the 3,000-strong Nineveh Guard militia which it wants to participate in the Mosul operation.

Oct 21: At the UN Habitat III conference, which is held every 20 years to discuss the future of the world’s cities, the United Nations adopted the ‘New Urban Agenda (NUA)’, a global road map to grapple with rapid urbanization.


  1. The NUA sets out a host of general goals such as development of sustainable and compact cities that do not harm the environment and redevelopment of informal settlements with the participation of residents.
  2. Many points in the NUA are related to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the U.N. last year to end poverty and inequality by 2030.
  3. One SDG calls for making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
  4. Nearly one billion poor people live in urban slums and informal settlements in about 100,000 cities around the world, in dire need of clean water, energy, food, sanitation and health services.
  5. The UN estimates that number will triple by 2030.
  6. In 2014, 54 percent of the global population lived in cities but by 2050, the U.N. expects this figure to reach 66 percent.

Oct 21: The BCCI consented to using the DRS in the forthcoming five-Test series against England in November 2016.

What is Decision Review System (DRS)?

  1. DRS is technology-based system used in sport of cricket for the sole purpose of reviewing decisions, on appeal, made by on-field umpires.
  2. The system was first tested in an India v Sri Lanka match in 2008.
  3. It was officially launched by the ICC in 2009 during the first Test match between New Zealand and Pakistan.
  4. Initially, ICC had made the DRS mandatory in all international matches, but later made its use optional, so that the system would only be used if both teams agree.

How does the DRS work?

  1. The process of DRS starts with (i) Checking of No-ball (ii) Inside Edge (iii) Pitch of Ball (iv) Location of Ball while hitting the pads (v) Ball hitting the stumps
  2. First two things are checked manually by 3rd Umpire.
  3. The rule to give out you require this three things (i) Ball should pitch In-Line of stumps or Outside off (ii) Impact of ball while hitting the pads should be In-Line of stumps (iii) Ball should be hitting stumps.

Off-field technologies of DRS

 (i) footage from TV cameras placed around the ground; (ii) Hot Spot, an infrared camera system that highlights parts of the bat and body that have been hit by the ball; (iii) Hawkeye, a ball-tracking system usually used to check leg before wicket decisions; and (iv) Realtime Snickometre, a waveform of the sound captured by a stump microphone.

Oct 21: British journalist Mazher Mahmood, who is renowned for his “fake sheikh” undercover sting operations for Rupert Murdoch’s tabloids, was jailed for 15 months for tampering with evidence in a high-profile trial.

Oct 21: The ESA’s Schiaparelli probe, which landed on Mars on Oct 19, was destroyed on impact after plummeting to the surface of the Red Planet.

Oct 21: South Africa announced to pull out of the international criminal court ICC.

About ICC:

ICC was the first legal body with permanent international jurisdiction to prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Seat: The Hague, Netherlands


  1. Rome Statute adopted on 17 July 1998
  2. Entered into force on 1 July 2002

Official languages: 6 (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish)

Member states: 124

Judges: The ICC’s 18 judges are elected by the Assembly of States Parties for their qualifications, impartiality and integrity, and serve 9-year, non-renewable terms.

Jurisdiction: The ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

Principal organs:

(1) the Presidency, (2) the Judicial Divisions, (3) the Office of the Prosecutor, and (4) the Registry.

Oct 21: The World Medical Association (WMA), the top medical-ethics body, installed Dr. Ketan Desai, an Indian doctor facing corruption charges, as its president.

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