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5 October 2016, National & International Current Affairs

babar-azam

National

Oct 05: Babar Azam hit his third successive hundred to steer Pakistan to a 3-0 clean sweep of the ODI series against West Indies.

Batsmen who score 3 successive 100s:

Zaheer Abbass and Saeed Anwar (Pakistan)

Herschelle Gibbs, AB de Villiers and de Kock (South Africa)

Ross Taylor (New Zealand)

Oct 05: Pakistan officially invited the Russian Federation to join the CASA-1000 project.

Oct 05: An in-camera meeting of the Senate Committee of the Whole House was held in Islamabad.

Recommendations

The Committee recommended the government:

To adopt an aggressive policy on India.

To establish Kashmir desks at foreign missions and contact India’s secular parties.

To activate Pakistan missions in foreign countries to apprise the world of about the aggressive designs of India.

Oct 05: During the visit of President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Pakistan and Belarus agreed to raise the volume of bilateral trade from $50 million to $1 billion over the next four years.

Oct 05: The fourth Belarus-Pakistan Business and Investment Forum concluded in Islamabad.

Oct 05: The interior ministry ordered the Nacta to establish a special cell to effectively choke terrorists’ financial networks.

Oct 05: The HEC directed all private schools to stop offering degree programmes in collaboration with foreign universities.

Oct 05: Khawar Mumtaz was reselected to head the National Commission on the Status of Women (NCSW).

About NCSW

NCSW was established on 17 July 2000 and is an outcome of Pakistan`s national and international commitments such as the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action 1995 and the National Plan of Action (NPA) for Women 1998.

The commission was established to examine policies, programmes and other measures taken by the government for women`s development and gender equality; review laws, rules and regulations affecting the status of women; monitor mechanisms and institutional procedures for redress of women rights violations and individual grievances, encourage and sponsor research; conduct studies relating to women and gender issues; develop and maintain interaction and dialogue with NGOs, experts and individuals nationally and internationally.

Powers of NCSW

  1. To seek & receive information, data & documents from any official source or entity in the course of performance of its functions.
  2. To enforce attendance of any person and call for production of documents with powers of civil court. (granted under the court of civil procedure, act V, 1908)
  3. To inspect any jail, sub jail, or other places of custody with prior permission of the provincial government.
  4. To intervene in institutional procedures for redress of violation of women’s rights.

Oct 05: Islamabad High Court dismissed Dr Shireen Mazari’s plea against Minister for Defence Khawaja Asif.

International

Oct 05: Brussels Conference on Afghanistan was held in the Belgian capital.

Highlights

75 countries and 26 international organizations participated in the conference.

World powers pledged billions of dollars for Afghanistan until 2020

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini announced that the EU, a 28-nation bloc, would pledge 1.2 billion euros ($1.5bn) a year

Pakistan announced a fresh pledge of $500 million, in addition to the $500m existing package, for economic development projects in Afghanistan.

Mr Kerry urged the Taliban to follow the example of Afghan warlord Gulbadin Hekmatyar and make an honourable peace with the Kabul government.

To foster the progress, leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the following three pillars over the transformation decade:

  1. Afghan-led state and institution building as outlined by the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework and the Self Reliance through Mutual Accountability Framework (SMAF);
  2. Sustained international support and funding at or near current levels through 2020 with increased aid effectiveness;
  3. Regional and international support for ending violence to foster economic development and improve regional economic cooperation, and for a political process towards lasting peace and reconciliation.

Oct 05: The IMF reported that worldwide public and private debt is at an all-time high, posing a substantial impediment to getting global economic growth back to normal.

Oct 05: A trio of French, British and Dutch scientists won the Nobel Chemistry Prize.

Winners

Jean-Pierre Sauvage (France)

  1. Fraser Stoddart (Britain)

Bernard Feringa (The Netherlands)

Prize is awarded for “their individual efforts in developing molecular machines.”

They have developed molecules with controllable movements, which can perform a task when energy is added.

These three laureates will share the 8 million Swedish kronor (around $933,000) prize equally.

What are molecular machines?

Molecular machines or nanomachines are the world’s smallest machines.

Their working is inspired by proteins that naturally act as biological machines within cells.

Molecular machines are discrete number of synthetic molecular components fused together.

They produce quasi-mechanical movements in response to specific external stimuli such as light or temperature change.

Molecular machines can be put to work as tiny motors, pistons ratchets or wheels to produce mechanical motion and can move objects many time their size.

Future Potential Applications

Molecular machines can be developed to function as artificial muscles to power tiny robots or even prosthetic limbs in case of Bionics.

They may lead to developments like new sensors, materials and energy storage systems.

They can be used to deliver drugs within the human body directly to target a specific area of tissue to medicate or cancerous cells.

They can be used to design of a molecular computer which could be placed inside the body to detect disease even before any symptoms are exhibited.

Oct 05: A fleet of shiny new trains began plying a new route from the Ethiopian capital to Djibouti, in a major boost to both economies.

The 750-km railway has been built by two Chinese companies and it will link Addis Ababa to the Red Sea port city of Djibouti.

Oct 05: The threshold for entry into force of the Paris Agreement has been achieved.

The landmark climate deal will enter into force in 30 days, after being ratified by 72 countries accounting for more than 56 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions

Oct 05: The International Court of Justice (ICJ) threw out a case brought by the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) which sought Pakistan to immediately end a ‘nuclear arms race’ and ensure ‘nuclear disarmament within a year’.

Oct 05: World Teachers Day was observed across the world.

About World Teachers Day

UNESCO proclaimed 5 October to be World Teachers’ Day in 1994

The day marks the great step made for teachers, on 5 October 1966, when a special intergovernmental conference convened by UNESCO in Paris adopted the UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, in cooperation with the ILO.

5 October also celebrates the adoption by the UNESCO General Conference in 1997 of the UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel.

2016 Theme: “Valuing Teachers, Improving their Status”

Oct 05: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi barred his ministers from offering comments about the so-called surgical strikes on the LoC.

Oct 05: The United Nations Security Council agreed to appoint António Guterres, the former Portuguese prime minister, as the next UN Secretary General.

Antonio Guterres was born in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, on 30 April 1949.

He graduated in Electrotechnical Engineering from the Instituto Superior Técnico in 1971 and attended the postgraduate course in Economics for Engineers.

He started his academic career as assistant professor.

His political career started in 1974, when he joined the Socialist Party.

Guterres was elected to the Portuguese Parliament in 1976 where he served as a member for 17 years.

From 1981 to 1983, Guterres was a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

During this time, he was also elected as chairman of the Committee on Demography, Migration and Refugees.

In 1991, he founded the Portuguese Refugee Council.

In 1992, he became Secretary-General of the Socialist Party and leader of the opposition against Aníbal Cavaco Silva’s government.

He was also nominated as vice-president of the Socialist International in September 1992.

In 1995, his Socialist Party won Portugal’s national election and he became the 114th Prime Minister of Portugal.

Guterres was a popular prime minister in the first years of his government.

During his first term Portugal successfully staged Expo 98, in Lisbon, which increased Portugal’s visibility in the world.

Guterres was re-elected in 1999, and from January to July 2000, he also occupied the Presidency of the European Council.

As president of the European Council, he led the adoption of the “Lisbon Agenda” and co-chaired the first European Union-Africa summit.

In December 2001, following a disastrous result for the Socialist Party in the local elections, Guterres resigned.

Guterres retired from Portuguese politics and worked as President of the Socialist International until 2005.

In May 2005 Guterres was elected High Commissioner for Refugees by the UN General Assembly.

He served as UNHCR from June 2005 to December 2015, heading one of the world’s foremost humanitarian organizations with nearly 10,000 staff working in 125 countries.

During his tenure, Guterres oversaw the most profound structural reform process in UNHCR’s history and built up our organization’s capacity to respond to some of the largest displacement crises since the end of World War Two.

On 5 October, the 15-member United Nations Security Council announced that they had agreed to nominate Guterres. In an informal secret ballot, he gained 13 encourage votes and two no opinion votes.

The UNSC officially nominated Guterres, by adopting a formal resolution on 6 October, which will be adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.

Guterres is due to take office on 1 January 2017.

Guterres is a member of the Club of Madrid, a leadership alliance of democratic former presidents and prime ministers from around the world.

The Government of Portugal nominated Mr Antonio Guterres through a letter to the UN General Assembly on 29 February 2016.

He is fluent in Portuguese, English, French and Spanish.

Distinctions

  1. Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty (Portugal, 2 February 2016).
  2. Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain, 14 June 2002).
  3. Grand Cross of the Order of Christ (Portugal, 9 June 2002).
  4. Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (France, 4 February 2002).
  5. Grand Collar of the Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil, 2002).
  6. Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (Japan, 2002).
  7. Grand Cordon of the Order of the Republic (Tunisia, 2002).
  8. Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, First Class (Ukraine, 2002).
  9. Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italy, 3 December 2001).
  10. Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Chile, 30 September 2001).
  11. First Degree of the Order of Amílcar Cabral (Cape Verde, 27 April 2001)
  12. Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (Belgium, 9 October 2000).
  13. Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III (Spain, 8 September 2000).
  14. Grand Cross of the Order of Honour (Greece, 17 March 2000).
  15. Sash of Special Category of the Order of the Aztec Eagle (Mexico, 2 July 1999).
  16. Grand Officer ot the Order of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Uruguay, 10 December 1998).
  17. Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Poland, 22 September 1997).
  18. Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil, 23 July 1996).

 

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