Russian President Vladimir Putin on last Monday suspended a treaty with Washington on cleaning up weapons-grade plutonium. Some western thinkers charge that Putin is willing to use nuclear disarmament as a new bargaining chip in disputes with the United States over Ukraine and Syria. Thanks to the US crafted new world disorder, the global system has undergone a deep crisis whereby new geopolitical asymmetries are engrossed with new developments resulting in creating new power tussle wherein US aims at containing both Russia and China; and yet both Beijing and Moscow are committed to halting Washington’s global primacy.
It is true that China did not bend to Moscow even during the Cold War when both states belonged in the communist camp. Although facing tremendous economic difficulties caused by Western sanctions after the Ukraine crisis, the Russians have made it clear that they need China’s diplomatic support and not economic assistance. China is an Asian power with global ambitions. Russia has historically defined itself as a European power, although it recently started its own pivot toward Asia. After the Cold War, though, they seemed to find new chemistry in defending against US hegemony. Therefore, both the sides started to establish their strategic partnership which became more viable during the past decade. Certain developments indicate about Russia’s countermeasures against the U.S. policies: it includes the US missile shield plans in Eastern Europe ;Russia’s resumption of patrolling areas of the world’s oceans; Moscow’s test firing of ICBMs; Russia’s first large-scale naval exercise in the Atlantic ; and the two Russian Tu-160 strategic bombers landing in Venezuela to carry out training flights. Needless to say, Russia has penetrated its clout in Latin America ,which included stops in Brazil, Cuba, Peru, and Venezuela and coincided with a Russian naval convoy, consisting of a nuclear cruiser, which was conducting joint exercises with Venezuela; Russia conducted the war against Georgia; recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia; maintained its doctrinal opposition to Nato’s eastward expansion; and most significantly it has entered into the Middle Eastern politics.
China has been building up forces in the South China Sea in an effort to reclaim land, and the documents produced by the US Joint Chiefs of Staff also suggest that the Americans view China as a big threat to the stability of the Asia-Pacific region. On the contrary, China being cognizant of US’s Asia pivot, is gravely concerned about ROK-US alliance and Japan-US alliance. North Korea is yet a constant challenge to US policy in East Asia. Moscow defends its geostrategic interests throughout Eurasia via CSTO and SCO. In view of many American strategists, the ongoing rivalry and conflict between the United States, Russia and China will continue in both form and substance throughout the remainder of the 21st century.
Strategically, Russia is responding to U.S. policies that are meant to generate its unipolar leverage. Ukraine has been a country of utmost importance to Russia. The armed uprising in Kiev has created a nexus among ultra nationalists and pro-Western politicians. President Putin viewed this as a challenge both to Russia’s international position and to its internal order.
It appears that Moscow’s tactics can change, but its core interests will remain unchanged. The main credo is to bar Ukraine from NATO, and the US military from Ukraine. Other goals include keeping the Russian cultural identity of Ukraine’s south and east. The Middle East and North Africa turned out to be the leitmotif of Yang’s recent talks in Moscow with his host Sergei Lavrov. Lavrov said: “We have agreed to coordinate our actions using the abilities of both states in order to assist earliest stabilization and prevention of further negative unpredictable consequences there’’. Lavrov said Russia and China had the identical position that “every nation should determine its future independently without outside interference”. There have also been the currents and cross-currents regarding US-Europe relations vis-à-vis Russia and China.
This insight can be cross-checked by the fact— that Moscow has been focusing on Germany, Italy, France including Spain and other smaller European states such as Finland, Austria and Greece— Moscow has entered into trade partnership with many of these European states. The same is the case of the other European states who have developed a better scope of relationship with China. European Union and China are two big trade partners in the world. And of course, Europe cannot afford to displease both Russia and China. Notably,in the post Cold War world, apparently the doctrine of US foreign policy is based on integration; yet seen in reality, US policies have sown the seeds of disintegration and turmoil. The western design — of subjugating the UN via globalism and suppressing humanitarianism through totalitarianism—is an alarming notion. Sadly, the western establishment/intelligence has been trying to destabilize Pakistan via an evil RAW-NDS nexus. Pakistanis see this connection— working behind Monday’s heinous carnage in Balochistan — causing 62 police cadets dead and 120 injured. While Washington’s policy in South Asia has lost its strategic balance because of US-India romance, Islamabad is impedingly reviewing its US policy by having its pivotal connect with both China & Russia.
It is a truism that the US imposed global order, orchestrating a new Cold War scenario has posed a great challenge to sovereignty and the international rule of law, as has been charge sheeted by Vladimir Putin: “We are seeing a greater and greater disdain for the basic principles of international law. And independent legal norms are, as a matter of fact, coming increasingly closer to one state’s legal system. One state and, of course, first and foremost the United States, has overstepped its national borders in every way.” An analysis given by the US political thinker Henry Kissinger makes it clear, ‘’the powerful forces of globalism and totalitarianism have no intention of backing down from their plot to impose their New World Order on humanity’’— glaringly reflected by the ongoing power tussle over Syria, the clouded future of the Middle East road map and the passive western response to the Kashmir crisis. Nevertheless, a trans-regional backlash is growing against this hedonist New World Order.
— The writer is an independent ‘IR’ researcher based in Karachi.