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World in Focus (July-August 2016)

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NATIONAL

July 19: Pakistan and China signed an agreement of implementing a project of manufacture and maintenance of the chandelier of the Mazar-i-Quaid.

July 21: The PML-N secured a landslide victory in Azad Jammu and Kashmir elections by securing 32 out of 41 seats.

July 24: Mangal Bagh, the fugitive head of the outlawed militant group Lashkar-e-Islam, was killed in a US drone attack in the Nangarhar province of Afghanistan.

July 25: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government abolished the 44 years old Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Development Authority and transferred its assets and employees to the KP Economic Zones Development and Management Company.

July 28: Chief Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali constituted provincial apex bodies in an effort to improve dispensation of justice in the country.

July 29: The Pakistan Peoples Party’s Syed Murad Ali Shah won the election of the chief minister of Sindh.

July 29: According to a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report, the problem of 22 families controlling 66pc of Pakistan’s industrial assets, as identified by Dr Mahbubul Haq in 1968, remains relevant today due to rising inequality in a country where the richest 20pc consume seven times more than the poorest 20pc.

July 29: An anti-terrorism court declared MQM Chief Altaf Hussain most wanted in the case pertaining to the killing of managing director of the then Karachi Electric Supply Corporation, Shahid Hamid.

July 29: Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan suspended Pakistan’s visa abolition agreement with Kuwait.

July 30: The FBR and realty stakeholders agreed on new valuation tables — for the purpose of taxation — of property prices in major cities of the country.

July 30: Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah constituted his cabinet.

July 31: Raja Farooq Haider of PML-N took oath as the 12th prime minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK).

Aug 01: The Supreme Court restrained Bahria Town from undertaking any development activity on the state land allotted to it by the Malir Development Authority (MDA).

Aug 02: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government repealed the Gen Musharraf-era Police Order 2002 and promulgated own Police Ordinance 2016.

Aug 03: In the Chinese city of Urumqi, Pakistan, China, Afghanistan and Tajikistan formally unveiled their quadrilateral counterterrorism alliance known as the Quadrilateral Cooperation and Coordination Mechanism (QCCM) in counter-terrorism.

Aug 03: To promote civic rights of citizens in South Asian region, a network of civil society organisations South Asian Network for Civic Education (SANCE), was launched.

Aug 04: The Pentagon refused to release $300 million from the Coalition Support Fund (CSF) to Pakistan because the US defence secretary has not certified that Pakistan is taking sufficient action against the Haqqani network.

Aug 05: According to State Bank’s Inflation Monitor, June 2016, Karachi emerged as the most expensive metropolis in the country while Lahore as the least expensive.

Aug 10: The newly-built Pakistan Gate (Bab-i-Pakistan) on the Torkham border was opened to both traffic and pedestrians.

Aug 12: Chief of Army Staff Gen Raheel Sharif publicly vented frustration over the government’s poor progress on the National Action Plan against terrorism.

Aug 14: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif inaugurated PIA’s new service, the Premier Service, at the Benazir Bhutto International Airport, Islamabad.

Aug 15: The government approved a plan for setting up of 29 wings of the Frontier Corps and constituted a body under National Security Adviser Lt Gen (Retd) Nasser Khan Janjua to oversee the implementation of National Action Plan (NAP).

Aug 15: Axact Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Shoaib Shaikh and his 13 co-accused in the fake degrees case were granted bail by the Sindh High Court.

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Transfers & Appointments

July 17: Uzma Adil was appointed as chairperson Ogra. She is the first woman to head the institution.

July 18: Major General Asif Mumtaz Sukhera of Army Medical Corps was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and appointed Surgeon General of Pakistan Army.

July 23: Justice Mian Saqib Nisar took oath as acting chief justice of Pakistan.

July 30: Shah Ghulam Qadir and Sardar Farooq Ahmed Tahir of the PML-N were elected speaker and deputy speaker of the AJK Legislative Assembly, respectively.

July 30: Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP) appointed Syed Naveed Qamar as its parliamentary leader in the National Assembly.

Aug 12: Two additional judges of the Peshawar High Court, Muhammad Ibrahim Khan and Justice Ishtiaq Ibrahim, took oath of their offices increasing the number of judges to 16 against the court’s strength of 20.

Economy

July 28: The SBP suspended euro transactions through the Asian Clearing Union (ACU) with immediate effect.

Aug 04: Pakistan and the IMF completed the $6.4 billion bailout programme on a successful note. This is Pakistan’s first fund programme, out of 11, to have reached completion since it started receiving IMF bailouts in 1988.

Legislation

July 21: The Senate approved the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (Amendment) Bill, 2016 and the Financial Institutions (Recovery of Finances) (Amendment) Bill, 2016.

July 29: The Senate unanimously passed a law against cybercrime with various amendments.

July 31: The President of Pakistan promulgated the Income Tax (2nd Amendment) Ordinance 2016 to implement the valuation rate of property.

Aug 03: The National Assembly passed two bills including the Banks (Nationalisation) (Amendment) Bill, 2016 and the Deposit Protection Corporation Bill, 2016.

Aug 05: The KP provincial assembly passed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Prevention of Conflict of Interest Bill 2016.

Aug 05: The KP provincial assembly approved several amendments to the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Universities Act, 2012, making the removal of the vice-chancellors of public sector universities much easier.

Aug 10: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly transacted most of its agenda and passed the KP Local Government (Amendment) Bill 2016.

Aug 11: The National Assembly passed the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill (PECB), 2016.

Sports

July 17: Pakistan’s only professional boxer Mohammad Waseem made history by capturing the World Boxing Council (WBC) silver flyweight title.

Aug 01: Army and Sindh won men’s and women’s titles respectively at the National Swimming Championships.

Aug 14: Pakistan’s emphatic 10-wicket victory in the fourth Test against England ended the series in draw at 2-2.

Aug 14: Shahid Ahmad clinched Swat Peace Badminton Championship.

Places in News

Islamabad

Aug 01: A three-day envoys’ conference on critical challenges facing the country’s foreign policy opened at the Foreign Office in Islamabad. The conference was attended by nine ambassadors posted in key capitals and multilateral organisations.

Islamabad

Aug 04: Pakistan hosted the two-day South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) Interior Ministers’ meeting. Indian Home Minister left the meeting halfway through after losing a war of words with his Pakistani counterpart Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan.

Obituaries

world-in-focusJuly 16: Social media celebrity Qandeel Baloch was strangled to death by her brother, Waseem.

July 19: Senior MQM leader and former provincial minister Syed Shoaib Bukhari died. He was 72.

July 19: Farhat Nur Khan, the wife of former PAF chief late Air Marshal Nur Khan, passed away.

July 19: Tableeghi Jamaat’s Karachi emir Abdur Rasheed Soorti passed away.

July 22: AIG of Islamabad Police Asher Hameed was found dead in his room.

July 31: Former federal minister for production Chaudhry Anwar Ali Cheema passed away at the age of 81.

Aug 05: Famous actress Shamim Ara passed away. She was 78.

Aug 05: The Sialkot-based international wrestler Mohammad Riaz Butt alias Raju Rocket Pehalwan died. He was 86.

Aug 08: Ali Baba, legendary dramatist, story writer, and literary figure of Sindhi language passed away at 76.

International

July 16: Turkish people crushed an attempted military coup after crowds took to the streets in support of the government. Over 250 people were killed including many civilians.

July 16: Africa’s largest city, Lagos started closing mosques, churches and nightclubs in a bid to reduce noise for its 20 million residents.

July 16: Donald Trump formally introduced Mike Pence as his pick for the vice-president.

July 17: A court in Manama ordered the dissolution of Bahrain’s Shia main opposition group Al-Wefaq that was the largest group in parliament before its lawmakers resigned en masse in 2011.

July 19: Indonesia’s most wanted Islamist extremist Santoso, the leader of the Eastern Indonesia Mujahideen, was killed.

July 20: Israel’s parliament passed legislation that allows parliament to vote to sack a member “who incites racism or supports armed struggle against the state of Israel”.

July 20: Donald J. Trump was formally crowned the Republican nominee for president.

July 22: IMF chief Christine Lagarde was ordered to stand trial in France over a massive state payout to a tycoon when she was French economy minister.

July 23: At the end of the two-day meeting of G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting held in the Chinese city of Chengdu, the Finance Ministers from the Group of 20 (G-20) major economies pledged to boost the global economy.

Highlights of the Meeting

1. G-20 Finance Ministers expressed concern about Britain’s plan to leave the European Union and how Brexit will affect the world’s economy.

2. Member nations are well positioned to proactively to the potential economic and financial consequences from such developments.

3. They vowed to reject trade protectionism, which became a prominent issue at the meeting.

4. They expressed the importance of reducing the excess production of steel that has led to a glut on the global market.

July 23: Hillary Clinton picked Virginia Senator Timothy Kaine as her running mate as vice-president.

July 24: Nepal’s K.P. Sharma Oli resigned as prime minister.

July 25: Former top Chinese military leader Guo Boxiong was sentenced to life in prison for accepting bribes.

July 25: China scored a diplomatic victory as Asean nations dropped a US-backed proposal to mention a landmark international court ruling against Beijing’s territorial claims in the South China Sea in a joint statement.

July 28: The head of Al-Nusra Front in Syria announced to break ties with Al-Qaeda and to change its name.

July 31: Former TV anchorwoman, defence minister, environment minister and a veteran politician Yuriko Koike was elected as Tokyo’s first woman governor.

July 31: Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte withdrew a unilateral cease-fire with communist rebels.

Aug 01: Anandiben Patel, Modi’s close aide and the chief minister of his home state of Gujarat, resigned.

Aug 01: A Pentagon report “The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World” predicted that in 20 years, emerging powers like China and Russia may partner with smaller states like Pakistan and North Korea to create new alliances challenging America’s supremacy.

Aug 02: Global heat, greenhouse gases and sea levels all climbed to record highs last year, making 2015 the worst in modern times across a range of key environmental indicators.

Aug 07: Thailand voted to approve a junta-scripted constitution in a boost to the army’s political aspirations.

Aug 08: Chad’s President Idriss Deby took the oath of office for a fifth term.

Aug 08: Parliament approved India’s biggest overhaul of indirect taxes after the Lok Sabha ratified a constitutional amendment.

The proposed goods and services tax (GST) is one of the most significant reforms since India opened its economy 25 years ago and the revamping of the tax system since the country’s independence in 1947.

Aug 09: Iraq’s parliament voted to lift the immunity of its speaker and two lawmakers to allow for corruption allegations to be investigated.

Aug 10: Brazil’s Senate voted to indict President Dilma Rousseff on charges of breaking budget laws and put her on trial in impeachment process.

Aug 11: Switzerland’s highest court ordered Israel to pay Iran around $1.1 billion plus interest in a decades-old dispute over a secretive oil pipeline company predating the 1979 Islamic revolution which made the countries enemies.

It also awarded Iran 450,000 Swiss francs ($461,302) in court costs and lawyer fees.

Aug 11: US military leaders painted an overly optimistic picture of American efforts to fight the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria, a damning government report found.

The interim report stems from a congressional task force investigating whistleblower allegations that intel bosses cherry-picked information that soft-pedalled the risk of IS while overstating US efforts to train local forces to fight the jihadists.

Aug 12: Sri Lanka reached an agreement with China to create a Colombo International Financial City (CIFC) as Ministry of Megapolis, the Urban Development Authority (UDA) and the China Harbour Engineering Company (CHEC) signed a tripartite agreement.

Aug 13: Aida Hadzialic, Sweden’s youngest ever cabinet minister, who came to the country as a refugee from Bosnia, announced her resignation.

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Elections & Appointments

July 27: Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo appointed World Bank managing director Sri Mulyani Indrawati as the country’s new finance minister, and a former army general Wiranto as the chief security minister.

July 28: Former Wall Street banker Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was inaugurated as Peru’s new president.

Aug 03: Nepal’s new Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal was sworn in. Dahal, better known by his nom de guerre Prachanda or “the fierce one”, led a decade-long Maoist insurgency before transforming the rebel movement into a political party after a 2006 peace deal.

Aug 05: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi appointed Vijay Rupani as the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat.

Economy

July 25: Yahoo sealed a deal to sell its core business to telecom giant Verizon for $4.8 billion.

July 30: Italy’s Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the world’s oldest bank, announced sweeping reforms that would bring the ratio for BMPS, which is both the world’s oldest bank and Italy’s third largest, down to minus 2.23pc the only one of the 51 banks tested to end up in negative territory.

Aug 03: India’s upper house of parliament passed a landmark tax reform bill that will pave the way for the introduction of a new national sales tax, creating a common market across the country for the first time.

Aug 05: The Bank of England announced to cut its main interest rate to its lowest point ever and expand other measures to bolster Britain’s economy over concern that the country’s decision to leave the European Union could weigh on growth.

Sports

July 17: Honda’s MotoGP championship leader Marc Marquez won in Germany for the seventh year in a row.

July 18: India’s top court barred ministers and bureaucrats from holding posts in the country’s cricket board (BCCI).

July 23: Russian adventurer Fedor Konyukhov set a world record for circumnavigating the world solo in a hot air balloon.

July 24: Chris Froome won his third Tour de France.

July 24: India’s 18-year-old Neeraj Chopra won the javelin gold at the IAAF World under-20 athletics championship in Poland.

July 25: Britain’s Johanna Konta beat seven-time Grand Slam champion Venus Williams to win her first WTA title in Stanford.

July 27: Fast bowler Kagiso Rabada was named South African Cricketer of the Year.

July 31: American Luke Aikins leapt into the void at 25,000 feet with no parachute or wing suit, becoming the first skydiver to land safely on the ground in a net. Aikins performed the death-defying feat, plummeting at 120 miles per hour (193 kph) in Simi Valley, California.

Aug 01: World number one Novak Djokovic won the Rogers Cup for the fourth time, clinching his 30th ATP World Tour Masters 1000 title.

Aug 05: The International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved the entry of 271 Russian athletes for the Rio Games, meaning 70 per cent of the country’s original team will compete.

Aug 05: South Korean archer Kim Woo-Jin grabbed the first world record of the Rio Olympics before the Games had even officially begun.

Aug 09: Paul Pogba became the world’s most expensive footballer when he turned to Manchester United from Italian champions Juventus. Pogba signed a five-year deal with an option for a further year.

Aug 12: The tiny nation of Fiji won its first-ever Olympic medal – and gold at that.

Aug 14: India crushed West Indies in the third Test, clinching the series.

Aug 14: Ducati rider Andrea Iannone won his maiden MotoGP race at the Austrian Grand Prix, giving the Italian manufacturer its first victory since 2010.

Obituaries

July 19: Indian cinema’s popular playback singer Mubarak Begum died. She was 80.

July 20: Garry Marshall, who created some of the 1970s’ most iconic sitcoms including “Happy Days,” “The Odd Couple,” “Laverne and Shirley” and “Mork and Mindy” died at 81.

July 26: Celebrated Egyptian film director Mohamed Khan died aged 73.

July 28: James Alan McPherson, the first black writer to win the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, died at 72.

July 31: Soviet writer Fazil Iskander, whose works are known for their humourous descriptions of daily life in the Caucasus and satirical take on society under Communism, died. He was 87.

Aug 01: Gloria DeHaven, the perky singing actress who starred in a parade of breezy Hollywood musicals in the 1940s and 1950s, died at age 91.

Aug 02: Seymour Papert, a visionary educator and mathematician who well before the advent of the personal computer foresaw children using computers as instruments for learning and enhancing creativity, died. He was 88.

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People in News

Hillary Clinton

July 27: Former first lady, secretary of state and senator, Hillary Clinton, made history when she became the Democratic Party’s nominee for president, the first woman in US history to do so.

Ibtihaj Muhammad

Aug 08: Fencer Ibtihaj Muhammad made history by becoming the first American to compete in the Olympics wearing a hijab.

Fehaid al-Deehani

Aug 11: Fehaid al-Deehani, the most decorated Olympic athlete in Kuwait’s history, won the first gold medal of his career in the men’s double trap finals. Deehani is the only Kuwaiti to earn an Olympic medal. He won bronze at the 2000 Sydney Games and the 2012 London Games.

Michael Phelps

Aug 14: A classic Michael Phelps performance ended the swimming legend’s career with 23 Olympic gold medals.

Irom Sharmila

Aug 09: Indian rights activist Irom Sharmila, dubbed the “Iron Lady of Manipur” for her unwavering protest against rights abuses in the insurgency-hit northeast Indian state, ended the world’s longest hunger strike — 16-year fast.

Places in news

Chengdu, China.

July 23: The two-day meeting of G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors was held in the Chengdu, China.

Vientiane, Laos

July 24: The 49th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting was held in Vientiane, the capital Laos, under the chair of Laos,.

Jakarta, Indonesia

Aug 02: The 12th World Islamic Economic Forum (WIEF) opened in Jakarta, Indonesia.

MCQs

National

1. On July 17, Uzma Adil was appointed as chairperson ______.
(a) Nadra        (b) Pemra
(c) Drap        (d) Ogra

2. On July 18, ______ was appointed as Surgeon General of PakArmy.
(a) Lt Gen Ikram ul Haq
(b) Lt Gen Syed Wajid Hussain
(c) Lt Gen Asif Mumtaz Sukhera
(d) Lt Gen Maqsood Ahmad

3. A computer and networking expert who is responsible for locating bugs or security lapses in websites is known as ______ hacker.
(a) White Hat    (b) Ethical
(c) Grey Hat    (d) Script Kiddie

4. The project of manufacture and maintenance of the chandelier of the Mazar-i-Quaid has been awarded to ______.
(a) Sweden    (b) China
(c) France    (d) Turkey

5. The current Adviser to the Prime Minister on National History and Literary Heritage is ______.
(a) Irfan Siddiqi    (b) Farhat Nur
(c) Zahid Hamid    (d) Mumtaz Bhutto

6. Syed Murad Ali Shah won the election of the chief minister of Sindh on ______.
(a) July 26    (b) July 28
(c) July 29    (d) July 30

7. On July 29, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan suspended Pakistan’s visa abolition agreement with ______.
(a) Kuwait    (b) Turkey
(c) Thailand    (d) UAE

8. PPPP’s parliamentary leader in the National Assembly is ______.
(a) Nafeesa Shah    (b) Naveed Qamar
(c) Faryal Talpur    (d) Khurshid Shah

9. On July 31, Raja Farooq Haider of PML-N took oath as the ______ prime minister of AJK.
(a) 10th        (b) 12th
(c) 13th        (d) 17th

10. The Income Tax (2nd Amendment) Ordinance 2016 was promulgated on ______.
(a) July 28    (b) July 29
(c) July 30    (d) July 31

11. On Aug 01, the Supreme Court restrained ______ from undertaking any development activity on the state land allotted to it by the Malir Development Authority (MDA).
(a) DHA        (b) KMC
(c) Saif Group    (d) Bahria Town

12. On Aug 03, Pakistan, China, Afghanistan and ______ formally unveiled the Quadrilateral Cooperation and Coordination Mechanism (QCCM) in counterterrorism.
(a) Turkey    (b) Tajikistan
(c) USA        (d) Iran

13. The meeting wherein Quadrilateral Cooperation and Coordination Mechanism (QCCM) in counter-terrorism was established was held in ______.
(a) Urumqi    (b) Kabul
(c) Islamabad    (d) Istanbul

14. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) Interior Ministers’ meeting started on ______.
(a) Aug 01    (b) Aug 02
(c) Aug 03    (d) Aug 04

15. Pakistan and the IMF completed the $6.4 billion bailout programme on a successful note on ______.
(a) Aug 03    (b) Aug 04
(c) Aug 05    (d) Aug 06

16. Out of 11 IMF programmes for Pakistan only ______ has/have reached successful completion.  
(a) 1        (b) 2
(c) 3         (d) 6

17. On Aug 05, Prevention of Conflict of Interest Bill 2016 was passed by the provincial assembly of ______.
(a) KP         (b) Balochistan
(c) Punjab    (d) Sindh

18. According to SBP’s Inflation Monitor, June 2016, ______ was the most expensive metropolis in the country.
(a) Lahore     (b) Islamabad
(c) Peshawar    (d) Karachi

19. The newly-constructed gate at Torkham, the historic trade route and border crossing between Pakistan and Afghanistan was named  ______.
(a) Bab-i-Pakistan(b) Bab-i-Azadi
(c) Bab-i-Aman    (d) Bab-i-Dosti

20. The National Assembly passed the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Bill (PECB), 2016, on ______.
(a) Aug 10    (b) Aug 11
(c) Aug 12    (d) Aug 13

21. The maximum number of the judges for the Peshawar High Court is ______.
(a) 16        (b) 18
(c) 19        (d) 20

22. On Aug 14, PM Nawaz Sharif inaugurated PIA’s Premier Service at the Benazir Bhutto International Airport in ______.
(a) Hyderabad    (b) Islamabad
(c) Larkana    (d) Karachi

23. Axact CEO Shoaib Shaikh was arrested in fake degrees scam after the New York Times published a story by ______.
(a) Declan Walsh    (b) Dean Baquet
(c) Sam Sifton    (d) Ian Fisher

24. ______ is the national bird of Pakistan.
(a) Eagle        (b) Crow
(c) Chakor    (d) Falcon

25. Pakistan became a Republic in ______.
(a) 1947        (b) 1956
(c) 1971        (d) 1999

26. Pakistan won its first Olympic gold medal in ______.
(a) 1948        (b) 1952
(c) 1960        (d) 1964

27. The largest dam of Pakistan is ______.
(a) Mangla    (b) Warask
(c) Bhasha    (d) Tarbela

28. Pakistan’s national anthem was officially adopted in ______.
(a) 1950        (b) 1952
(c) 1954        (d) 1958

29. Islamabad was officially declared the capital of Pakistan in ______.
(a) 1958        (b) 1967
(c) 1960        (d) 1970

International

1. Lagos, Africa’s largest city, is in ______.
(a) South Africa    (b) ‎Nigeria
(c) Egypt        (d) Algeria

2. On July 16, American Presidential candidate Donald Trump introduced ______ as his pick for the vice-president.
(a) Nancy Pelosi    (b) Paul Ryan
(c) Tim Kaine    (d) Mike Pence

3. Al-Wefaq, the main Shia opposition group in ______, was banned by a court.
(a) Bahrain    (b) Qatar
(c) Lebanon    (d) Kuwait

4. Manama is the capital of ______.
(a) Panama    (b) Lebanon
(c) Bahrain    (d) Qatar

5. Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, Christine Lagarde, had served as Finance Minister of ______.
(a) Sweden    (b) France
(c) Italy        (d) Norway

6. On July 23, Hillary Clinton picked ______ as her running mate as vice-president.
(a) Chris Jacob    (b) Mike Pence
(c) Bruce Rauner    (d) Timothy Kaine

7. On July 27, Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo appointed World Bank managing director Sri Mulyani Indrawati as the country’s new Minister for ______ .
(a) Finance     (b) Security
(c) Interior    (d) Foreign Affairs

8. On July 28, a former Wall Street banker Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was inaugurated as the new president of ______.
(a) Zambia    (b) Peru
(c) Venezuela    (d) Australia

9. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, the world’s oldest bank, belongs to ______.
(a) Greece    (b) Sweden
(c) Spain        (d) Italy

10. On July 31, ______ was elected as Tokyo’s first woman governor.
(a) Yuriko Koike    (b) Yūko Obuchi
(c) Akie Abe    (d) Akiko Santo

11. Rodrigo Duterte is the president of ______.
(a) Philippines    (b) Cambodia
(c) Vietnam    (d) Laos

12. India’s upper house of parliament passed a landmark tax reform bill on ______.
(a) Aug 02    (b) Aug 03
(c) Aug 04    (d) Aug 05

13. The newly-elected Prime Minister of Nepal is ______.
(a) Khadga Prasad Oli
(b) Pushpa Kamal Dahal
(c) Khil Raj Regmi
(d) Baburam Bhattarai

14. Dilma Vana Rousseff, who is facing an impeachment trial, is the President of ______.
(a) Brazil        (b) Israel
(c) Sweden    (d) Argentina

15. On Aug 07, ______ voted to approve a junta-scripted constitution.
(a) Myanmar    (b) Nepal
(d) Thailand    (d) Gambia

16. On Aug 08, ______ took oath as Chad’s President for a fifth term.
(a) Yesko Brahim    (b) Thabo Mbeki
(c) Museveni    (d) Idriss Déby

17. On Aug 11, Switzerland’s highest court ordered ______ to pay Iran around $1.1 billion plus interest in a decades-old dispute.
(a) Israel        (b) Iraq
(c) Switzerland    (d) USA

18. The 12th World Islamic Economic Forum (WIEF) was held in ______.
(a) Dubai        (b) Jakarta
(c) Cairo        (d) Riyadh

19. The i360, a 162-metre (530-foot) high steel tower which is the world’s tallest moving observation tower, was opened to the public in ______, England
(a) Brighton    (b) London
(c) Surrey    (d) Birmingham

20. The Dragon Hole, or Longdong, the deepest known blue hole on Earth was discovered in the ______.
(a) Sea of Marmara  (b) Atlantic Ocean
(c) South China Sea (d) Arabian Sea

21. The International Criminal Justice Day is observed on ______.
(a) July 16     (b) July 17
(c) July 18     (d) July 19

22. The theme of 2016 Nelson Mandela International Day was ______.
(a) Fight for Social Justice
(b) Promote Peace and Livelihood
(c) Clear Vision, Clear Approach
(d) Take Action, Inspire Change

23. The newly-elected Prime Minister of Australia is ______.
(a) Sally Young
(b) Tanya Plibersek
(c) Peter Cosgrove
(d) Malcolm Turnbull

24. The first annual meeting of the Board of Governors of BRICS New Development Bank was held in ______.
(a) China     (b) India
(c) S. Africa     (d) Russia

25. The world’s first Zika vaccine test on humans will be conducted by ______.
(a) Canada     (b) France
(c) China     (d) South Korea

25. ______ has been officially declared as measles-free by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
(a) Brazil     (b) China
(c) India         (d) South Africa

26. The 2016 SAARC Home Ministers’ conference was held in ______.
(a) New Delhi     (b) Islamabad
(c) Dhaka    (d) Male

27. The United Nations’ World Day against Trafficking in Persons is observed on ______.
(a) July 25     (b) July 28
(c) July 30     (d) July 27

28. Ahmed Zewail, who died recently, was the Nobel Laureate in ______.
(a) Chemistry     (b) Physics
(c) Medicine     (d) Peace

29. The first-ever SAARC Young Parliamentarians Conference (YPC) was hosted by ______.
(a) India     (b) Pakistan
(c) Sri Lanka     (d) Nepal

30. The theme of the 2016 Rio Olympics was ______.
(a) Peace for inner soul
(b) World peace and Environment
(c) Nothing without peace
(d) Live sports, live freedom

Sports

1. Pakistan’s only professional boxer Mohammad Waseem won the World Boxing Council (WBC) silver flyweight title on ______.
(a) July 15    (b) July 16
(c) July 17    (d) July 18

2. On July 18, ______ top court barred ministers and bureaucrats from holding posts in the country’s cricket board.
(a) Australia’s     (b) India’s
(c) Bangladesh’s    (d) Pakistan’s

3. On July 23, ______ adventurer Fedor Konyukhov set a world record for circumnavigating the world solo in a hot air balloon.
(a) Swiss        (b) Russian
(c) Spanish     (d) Brazilian

4. Created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894, with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president, the International Olympic Committee is headquartered at ______, Switzerland.
(a) Bern        (b) Basel
(c) Geneva    (d) Lausanne

5. The first world record at the Rio Olympics 2016 was made by ______ archer Kim Woo-Jin.
(a) Chinese    (b) North Korean
(c) Japanese    (d) South Korean

6. ______ won the 2016 Formula One Hungarian Grand Prix.
(a) Sebastian Vettel (b) Lewis Hamilton
(c) Daniel Ricciardo (d) Nico Rosberg

7. The sport(s) included by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for 2020 Tokyo Olympics is/are ______.
(a) Karate
(b) Surfing
(c) Skateboard     (d) All of these

8. Paul Pogba, who became the world’s most expensive footballer on Aug 09, belongs to ______.
(a) Germany    (b) Nigeria
(c) France    (d) Austria

Obituaries

1. Former provincial minister Syed Shoaib Bukhari, who died on July 19, was a leader of ______.
(a) PML-Q    (b) PPP
(c) MQM        (d) PML-N

2. On July 19, ______ popular playback singer Mubarak Begum died.
(a) Bangladesh’s     (b) Pakistan’s
(c) Afghanistan’s    (d) India’s

3. On July 28, James Alan McPherson, the first black writer to win the ______ Prize for fiction, died.
(a) Pulitzer    (b) Dundee
(c) Author’s Club    (d) Man Booker

4. Fazil Iskander, who died on July 31, was a ______ writer.
(a) Iranian    (b) Turkish
(c) Lebanese    (d) Soviet

5. Former federal minister for production Chaudhry Anwar Ali Cheema passed away on ______.
(a) July 28     (b) July 30
(c) July 31    (d) August 05

6. Famous actress Shamim Ara passed away on ______.
(a) August 03    (b) August 05
(c) August 10    (d) August 12

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