World in Focus (Oct-Nov 2014)

National & International News & MCQs

National

Oct 16: Amir Dogar, a PTI-supported independent candidate, defeated Javed Hashmi to win the NA-149 by-election.

Oct 16: The WHO held that Pakistan is responsible for nearly 80 per cent of polio cases reported globally.

Oct 17: Germany and the UNDP pledged 1 million euros for return and rehabilitation of IDPs of North Waziristan.

Oct 17: The Senate was informed that the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato), which has been involved in the war in Afghanistan for over a decade now has been using Pakistan’s airspace for free since the commencement of the war on terror in 2001.

Oct 17: The Senate congratulated Malala Yousafzai on receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for her sacrifices for promotion of peace and education in the restive areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

30a-WIF.jpgOct 18: Speaking at a mammoth rally at Bagh-i-Jinnah, near the mausoleum of the Quaid-i-Azam, Pakistan Peoples Party Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari outlined a bold and ambitious agenda for his party and vowed to foil “conspiracies hatched” to derail democracy.

Oct 18: A survey conducted by “The Guide to Sleeping in Airports” showed Islamabad’s Benazir Bhutto International Airport as the world’s worst airport.

The survey says the airport, often “likened to a central prison”, can be aggressive yet inconsistent in its security checks and crowd control is often minimal if not entirely absent.

Oct 19: The head office of “Edhi Foundation,” country’s leading charity organisation headed by renowned and widely respected philanthropist Abdul Sattar Edhi was robbed.

Oct 19: Bullet-riddled bodies of eight labourers kidnapped from a poultry farm in Sakran area near the industrial town of Hub were found. The workers had come to Hub from Muzffargarh and Rahimyar Khan in Punjab.

Oct 19: The Muttahida Qaumi Movement announced to quit the PPP-led Sindh government, only six months after having joined it.

Oct 19: Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (Pemra) banned ARY News anchor Mubashir Lucman and his programme ‘Khara Such’ till further orders of the court.

Oct 20: The Supreme Court conditionally allowed the federal government to transfer its 10 per cent shares in Oil and Gas Development Company Limited (OGDCL) to the successful bidder.

Oct 20: The Sindh Assembly passed unanimously “The Sindh Local Government (Amendment) Bill, 2014” in pursuance of the Supreme Court decision to amend the LG law to empower the Election Commission of Pakistan to carry out delimitation of union councils and wards in municipal committees, town committees and corporations.

The bill was introduced by Parliamentary Affairs Minister Dr Sikander Mandhro.

Oct 20: The Pemra suspend the licence of ARY News for 15 days and imposed a fine of Rs10 million on the channel for maligning the judiciary.

Oct 20: The Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) announced the sacking of Shahidullah Shahid.

30b-WIF.jpgOct 20: A mineral water plant was opened at the Food Sciences and Technology Department of the Bahauddin Zakariya University.

BZU Vice-Chancellor Dr Khawaja Alqama inaugurated the plant.

Oct 20: The five-year SME Development Programme 2013-18, evolved by the Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) was included in the Federal Government Vision 2025.

Oct 20: The World Osteoporosis Day was observed at a ceremony by the Lahore-based Pakistan Society for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled.

Oct 20: Centre for Human Rights Education Pakistan conferred Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Democracy Award on politician Javed Hashmi, anchorperson Sohail Warriach, Jami Chandio, and columnist Wajahat Masood to recognize their invaluable services for the protection and promotion of democracy in the country.

Oct 20: Centre for Civic Education conferred the award for social courage on renowned journalist Hamid Mir as he raised voice for freedom of media and human rights.

Oct 21: Pakistan and Russia held the 2nd Round of Bilateral Strategic Dialogue whereby both countries agreed to take concrete steps for injecting substance in the bilateral relationship.

In this regard, the Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Morgulov Igor Vladimirovich called on Mr Sartaj Aziz, Adviser to the Prime Minister on National Security and Foreign Affairs, Syed Tariq Fatemi, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs and Mr Aizaz A. Chaudhry, Foreign Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They discussed bilateral, regional and global issues of mutual interest.

Oct 21: The Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) chief declared an end to his party’s sit-in on Constitution Avenue, Islamabad.

Oct 21: The United States designated Khan Said Sajna, the deputy leader of outlawed Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), a global terrorist. The designation list also includes Ramzi Mawafi, a former physician of Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.

Oct 21: Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif approved “Apna Rozgar Scheme” for the unemployed youth through which vehicles will be provided to jobless youth on soft-terms.

Oct 22: The Council of Islamic Ideology recommended a ban on ‘hate speech’ which leads to sectarian violence.

Oct 22: Officials from border forces of Pakistan and Iran met in Tehran and agreed to tighten security along their border and share intelligence to maintain peace there.

Oct 22: A transplant operating theatre complex named after the famous Edhi couple, who run the country’s largest charity organisation, was inaugurated at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation.

30c-WIF.jpgOct 22: The Punjab Assembly unanimously adopted resolutions to condemn Indian aggression on the Line of Control and Working Boundary and to pay a tribute to Malala Yusufzai for earning the Nobel Peace Prize 2014.

Oct 22: Nahid Khan and Dr Safdar Abbasi launched a new PPP faction Pakistan People’s Party Workers (PPP-W).

Mr Abbasi was elected its first president through a resolution at the workers convention.

Oct 22: The Muttahida Qaumi Movement announced to quit the PPP-led Azad Jammu and Kashmir government and also from Gilgit-Baltistan government.

Oct 22: The Sindh High Court (SHC) allowed the Bahria Town administration to resume construction work on a flyover and underpass in Clifton area of the metropolis.

Oct 22: The Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) provisionally rejected the Protection of Pakistan Ordinance (PPO) and the national security policy terming both against Shariah.

Oct 22: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and International Labour Organization (ILO) reached an agreement to train IDPs, who fled their towns due to ongoing military operation ‘Zarb-e-Azb’, in various skills and facilitate them in getting jobs.

Around 200 men and women will be selected for this training and employment programme under the UNDP’s ‘Community Resilience Project for NWA (North Waziristan Agency) Displaced Families’.

Oct 23: The Prime Minister’s Inspection Commission observed that distribution companies (Discos) have installed new metres which run at least 30-35 per cent faster than the old ones.

Oct 24: Workers of Pink Ribbon Campaign and the PHA expressed solidarity with breast cancer patients and sensitised the masses about the hazards of breast cancer by arranging pink lights at Liberty Market, Lahore roundabout on occasion of International Mammogram Day.

Oct 24: Speaking at a ceremony held in connection with the World Polio day, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced imposing polio emergency in the country.

Oct 24: The government barred the Punjab Food Authority (PFA) from checking the quality of wheat stored at flour mills and issuing them licences.

Oct 25: Confirming the worst fears about the spread of poliovirus from Pakistan across the globe, the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative has labelled the country’s efforts to combat the disease as a ‘disaster’ and recommended that “the polio programme in Pakistan should be put in the hands of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)”.

Oct 25: Pakistan named a tropical cyclone that was developing in the Arabian Sea as ‘Nilofar’. Out of the eight countries of the region, it was Pakistan’s turn to name the cyclone.

30d-WIF.jpgOct 26: A tribal jirga was set up to arrange talks between the government and ‘Mehsud Taliban’. Ikramuddin, father-in-law of Baitullah Mehsud, heads the jirga.

Oct 26: A national TV ratings provider, Medialogic Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd., launched a new service in 20 cities covering over 1,000 households across the country.

Oct 27: The Karachi election tribunal declared the election of Sardar Mohammad Muqeem Khan, a Pakistan Peoples Party candidate to a Jacobabad provincial assembly seat (PS-14) void.

Oct 27: Punjab Assembly passed three bills, including the Local Government (Second Amendment) Bill 2014 while rejecting all the objections of opposition benches.

Oct 27: Pakistan won a seat as member of the administrative council of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies.

The elections were held during the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference at Busan, Republic of Korea.

Oct 28: A stall representing Israel was set up at the ‘Global Village’ part of the Women’s International Model United Nations (WIMUN) 2014, which was held at International Islamic University Islamabad (IIUI).

Oct 28: Finance Minister Ishaq Dar announced a 14-point ‘future roadmap’ aimed at achieving over seven per cent growth by 2018 and making Pakistan a globally competitive and prosperous country with particular emphasis on macroeconomic stability through inclusive growth.

Oct 28: Girl’s rights champion Malala Yousafzai, the youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate in history, won the World’s Children’s Prize, after a global vote involving millions of children.

Oct 29: The Supreme Court threw out a set of three petitions, seeking the annulment of the 2013 general elections after all three complainants failed to convince the court after the day’s hearing.

Oct 29: Antiques pertaining to the Buddha era stolen from Mehrgarh area of Balochistan were recovered in Italy.

Oct 29: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly passed a resolution to press the US government for freeing scientist Dr Aafia Siddiqui declaring her the ‘oppressed daughter of Pakistan’.

Oct 30:
An anti-terrorism court sentenced Shahid Aziz alias Gullu Butt, the infamous character of the Model Town tragedy, to 11 years and three months in jail.

Oct 30: Burka Avenger, Pakistan’s pioneer 3D Animated TV Series, won Best TV Show at the Second Asian Media Awards.

Oct 31: The much feared tropical cyclone Nilofar almost completed its cycle without hitting the coastlines of Pakistan and India.

Oct 31: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif constituted a special high-powered committee to examine afresh the issue of inflated electricity bills.

Oct 31: The government reduced the prices of petroleum products by up to 11 per cent in view of the declining oil prices in international market.

Oct 31:
Fazal-i-Haq Abbasi of the Asma Jahangir-led Independent Democratic Group was elected President of the Supreme Court Bar Association for 2014-15.

Nov 02:
A devastating suicide attack at the entrance of the Wagah border parade venue killed 60 people, including 10 women and seven children, and left more than 110 injured.

Nov 03: Pakistan completed a 356-run win over Australia in the second Test to clinch the series.

Nov 05: President Mamnoon Hussain, on the advice of the Prime Minister, approved conferment of Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military) Medal upon Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah, Chief of the Naval Staff.

Nov 07:
Lt Gen Rizwan Akhtar took over as the 21st head of powerful Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), succeeding retired Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam.

Nov 08: The Balochistan government sent a report to the federal government and law-enforcement agencies about “growing footprint in Pakistan” of the Islamic State (IS) group, also referred to as ‘Daesh’.

30f-WIF.jpgNov 10:
Wafaqi Mohtasib Salman Faruqui announced setting up of a ‘National Commission for Children’.

Nov 11:
Senator Mir Hasil Khan Bizenjo was elected as president and Dr Yasin Baloch as secretary general of the National Party (NP).

Nov 11: The government appointed Saud Aziz, a senior official of police services group who had been under investigation for a long time in the assassination case of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, as Director General of the National Crisis Management Cell.

Nov 12:
Maryam Nawaz resigned as Chairperson of the Prime Minister Youth Loan Programme, a position she claimed to have been holding purely “as a volunteer and on an honorary basis”.

Nov 12: Pakistan ranks third in the list of 15 high burden countries where the estimated deaths of children by pneumonia is alarmingly high.

According to the latest report, 71,000 children die of pneumonia every year in Pakistan. The report says India is at the top where 174,000 children die annually followed by Nigeria (121,000).

Nov 13: The Punjab government notified a new joint team for investigating the June 17 killings in Model Town, about two and a half months after a sessions court ordered registration of a fresh FIR on a complaint of the Pakistan Awami Tehreek.

Nov 13: Syed Murad Ali Shah, the former financial adviser to the chief minister who was elected unopposed in the by-election from PS -73, was administered the oath as a minister in the Sindh cabinet.

Nov 13: Pakistan conducted a successful training launch of Shaheen-II, also known as Hatf-VI, ballistic missile.

The intermediate-range Shaheen-II is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 1500 kilometres.

Nov 14: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani set the tone of his two-day fence-mending trip to Islamabad by pledging stronger defence and security ties with Pakistan.

President Ghani, who arrived in Islamabad on a commercial flight from Kabul, received a warm welcome at the Islamabad’s Nur Khan Airbase where Adviser to Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs and National Security Sartaj Aziz received him.

Nov 14: The Supreme Court revisited its June 12, 2013, verdict that called for the constitution of a federal commission to ensure that all future appointments to public offices were conducted on the basis of merit.

Nov 14: The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on a reference sent by the speaker of Balochistan Assembly unseated Santosh Kumar, a minority member of the assembly, elected on PML-N ticket.

Nov 15: Four state-owned gas organisations of Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India (Tapi) established a company that will build, own and operate the planned 1,800km Tapi gas pipeline.

Sports

30e-WIF.jpgOct 16: Rawalpindi Rams won the PCB Inter-Region Under-19 One-day Tournament with an 84-run defeat of Karachi Zebras in the final.

Oct 20: The NED University of Engineering and Technology clinched the NUST Inter-University Girls Throwball Tournament as they beat Liaquat Medical University in the final.

Oct 20: Waseem Khatri’s winning streak of 27 matches was finally broken but that didn’t stop him from taking the title of the Danpak third Ranking Scrabble tournament at Beach Luxury Hotel.

Oct 25: Younis Khan surpassed former captain Inzamam-ul-Haq as the highest century maker for his country when he scored his second century of the match and the 26th of his illustrious career. He also became the seventh Pakistani to score a century in both innings of a Test match.

Oct 25: Pakistan’s middle order batsman Younis Khan became the first Pakistani to score centuries in both the innings against Australia.

Oct 27: Punjab outplayed Islamabad to win the gold medal while Sindh bagged silver by beating Balochistan in the second Women’s U-19 Softball Championship.

Oct 29: The Guinness World Records approved the world record of Pakistani taekwondo black belt Ahmed Amin Bodla who struck as many as 355 kicks in one minute earlier this year.

He had broken the record of American Master Raul Meza.

Oct 30: Younis Khan became the first batsman in 90 years to hit three hundreds in consecutive innings against Australia.

Oct 31: Younis Khan became the third Pakistani after Javed Miandad and Inzamam-ul-Haq and 28th batsman overall to score 8000 runs in Test cricket.

Nov 02: Pakistan skipper Misbah-ul-Haq broke the Test record for the fastest fifty and equalled that of the quickest century.

The 40-year-old smashed a 21-ball fifty and a 56-ball hundred on the fourth day of the second Test against Australia.

Nov 10: Pakistani batsmen continued with their phenomenal form against a hapless New Zealand side in the first Test at Abu Dhabi, scoring three centuries in an innings for the second time in as many Tests to send records tumbling and leaving cricket statisticians scratching their heads.

Nov 10: Pakistan team set a new record in the history of Test cricket, as all top five batsmen of Pakistan scored over 80 runs.

Nov 10: The International Cricket Council (ICC) Board accepted the PCB’s nomination of its former chairman, Najam Sethi, for the ICC Presidency.

Nov 13: The gritty Misbahul Haq became Pakistan’s most successful captain with a resounding victory in the first Test against New Zealand in Abu Dhabi. He surpassed the joint record for most wins held by former skippers Imran Khan (14 in 48 matches) and Javed Miandad (14 in 35 matches). Misbah has led his country in 33 games so far.

Nov 13: Talented Hamza Godil and Haleema Ali captured boys and girls under-15 singles titles respectively in the second Sindh Sports Board all-Karachi ranking table tennis tournament.

30g-WIF.jpgObituaries

Oct 18: Ex-IG and retired Federal Secretary for Anti-Corruption, Riaz Sipra, passed away. He was 79.

Oct 28: Imran Mir, an eminent artist and a leading figure of advertising industry, died. He was 64.

Nov 03: Maulana Jamshaid, a senior leader of Tableeghi Jamaat, breathed his last.

Economy

Oct 20: The State Bank of Pakistan removed the name of HSBC Bank Middle East from its list of commercial banks after its merger with Meezan Bank Limited.

Oct 22: American pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson decided to close down manufacturing operation/production plant in Pakistan. However, the company will continue its supplies in the country.

Oct 28: The German-Pakistan Trade and Investment (GPTI), a forum to enhance trade and investment between both countries, was launched.

Oct 29: The National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (NHSRC) Ministry gave additional charge of DG Health to Dr Asad Hafeez despite the fact that he is a key accused in the ephedrine case and had spent several months in jail for allegedly misusing authority.

Nov 11: “Germany is looking to increase its investment in Pakistan’s energy sector, provided its companies are reassured about the security situation,” Chancellor Angela Merkel said at a joint news conference with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif after their meeting.

Nov 13: Pakistan and Afghanistan resolved to expand bilateral trade to $5 billion from the current $2.5bn in two to three years.

Nov 14: The State Bank of Pakistan placed KASB Bank under moratorium for six months, restricting money withdrawal to Rs300,000 per account.

Nov 15: The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) announced a reduction of 50 basis points in its policy rate after keeping it at 10 per cent for 12 months.

Education

Oct 17: Higher Education Department (HED) Punjab appointed Riaz Ahmed Hashmi as new chairman of BISE Multan and Prof Rana Masood Akhtar as chairman of BISE Bahawalpur.

Oct 21: According to a report titled “Broken Promises: the crisis of Pakistan’s out-of-school children,” prepared by Alif Ailaan, only one in four children, who enrol in school in the first grade make it to grade 10. In 2002-03, 2,833,726 children enrolled in the first grade. But by 2011-12, only 718,945 remained in school.

Oct 27: The Chevening Scholarship Pakistan programme head Jonathan Williams announced that the Chevening Scholarship programme has tripled the number of scholarship places for Pakistan by offering around 70 such opportunities for the academic year 2015-2016.

Nov 13: The Punjab Higher Education Department established a Centre of Excellence for China Studies at the Government College University, Lahore.

30h-WIF.jpgTransfers and Postings

Oct 17: Younus Dhaga was appointed as new Federal Secretary for Water and Power. He replaced Nargis Sethi who went on a four-month leave.

Oct 17: The federal government posted retired Squadron Leader Abid Ali Khan as the new chief secretary of Azad Jammu & Kashmir (AJK). He had replaced Khizar Hayat Gondal.

Oct 18: Nasser N.S. Jaffer was appointed as chairman of the Pakistan International Airlines. He will replace acting chairman Mohammad Ali Gardezi.

Oct 20: Former State Bank governor Dr Ishrat Husain and Shams Kassim Lakha left the BISP, the organisation which they were serving in the capacity of non-government members.

Four new members, Dr Sania Nishtar and Dr Zeba A. Sattar as non-government members and secretary or additional secretary of the ministry of foreign affairs and additional secretary of the cabinet division, have been inducted into the board for three years

Oct 21:
Consequent upon promotion in BPS-22 as secretary to government of Pakistan, Aftab Anwar Baloch, an officer of Pakistan Customs & Excise Group was appointed as Chairman Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA).

Oct 30: The parliamentary committee on judges’ appointments confirmed appointment of eight additional judges to the Lahore High Court (LHC).

The judges are: Qazi Amin, Mirza Waqas Rauf, Shahid Karim, Chaudhry Mushtaq Ahmed, Khalid Mehmood Malik, Ali Akbar Qureshi, Masood Abid Naqvi and Chaudhry Mohammad Iqbal.

Nov 03: The president appointed retired Maj Gen Niaz Muhammad Khan Khattak as chairman of the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), Liaqat Ali Shah Hamdani as Controller General of Accounts (CGA) and six members of the Federal Service Tribunal.

The president also approved the appointment of Akhlaq Ahmed Tarar and Mazhar Ali Khan as members of the FPSC.

Nov 09: President Mamnoon Hussain appointed Vice Admiral Khan Hasham bin Saddique as Vice Chief of the Naval Staff.

People in News

Malala Yousafzai & Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy

Oct 17: The Asia Society honoured Nobel Peace Prize laureate Malala Yousafzai and Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy, a Pakistani film-maker, and 11 other leaders and institutions as its inaugural class of Asia Game Changers.

Sameena Jabeen Ahmed

Oct 21: A Pakistani-born actress Sameena Jabeen Ahmed bagged the Best Actress award for her lead role in music video director Daniel Wolfe’s debut feature film “Catch Me Daddy”.

Malala Yousafzai

Oct 22: Malala Yousufzai, a rights activist and youngest-ever recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, now received the US Liberty Medal and pledged her $100,000 award to promote education in Pakistan.

Khizr Imran Tajammul

Oct 25: A young Pakistani innovator, Khizr Imran Tajammul, won the first prize at the Rwanga Social Startup Competition held at the fifth One Young World summit in Dublin, Ireland.

The conference was attended by a series of established global leaders such as Kofi Annan, Mary Robinson, Sir Bob Geldof, Professor Muhammad Yunus, Paul Polman, Doug Richard, Jimmy Wales, Former Latin American Presidents, Sol Campbell, Dame Ellen MacArthur, Martin Pollock, Hans Reitz, Professor Meghan ‘O Sullivan and Meghan Markle.

Ch Anas Sarwar 

Oct 25: Punjab Governor Ch Mohammed Sarwar’s son Anas Sarwar was elected as the leader of Scottish Labour Party, Scotland. Anas is the first Asian and Muslim to have achieved this landmark.

Shehzad Hameed Ahmad

Oct 29: Shehzad Hameed Ahmad from Pakistan won the ‘Prince of Asturias Award’ for his work during a Fulbright scholarship. Ahmad received the award which is Spain’s equivalent of the Nobel Peace Prize, from Spain’s King Felipe Juan on behalf of the Fulbright Global Program for International Cooperation.

Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy, Sana Saleem, Sarah Khan and Nigar Nazar

Oct 29: Conquering the world with their documentaries, campaigns and cartoons, four Pakistani women made it to BBC’s 100 Women list. Among these women are documentary film-maker and Oscar award winner Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy, Internet rights activist Sana Saleem, filmmaker and campaigner Sarah Khan and cartoonist Nigar Nazar. The first Pakistani female cartoonist, Nigar Nazar is Gogi Studios’ mastermind and lead cartoonist.

Ayan Qureshi

Oct 30: A Pakistani-Briton Ayan Qureshi became the youngest Microsoft Certified professional, accomplishing the feat at the age of five years, 11 months toppling Pakistani Mehroz Yawar who passed the exam at the practically ancient age of six and a half.

30j-WIF.jpgPlaces in News

Peshawar

Oct 19: The two-day Afghan Cultural Show concluded at Nishtar Hall with a pledge to celebrate the Afghan Cultural International Day every year regularly and work for the promotion of cultural activists.

Lahore

Oct 22: The first-ever international conference in Pakistan on a crucial topic of “Forensic Science and Justice” began at Government College University Lahore under the auspices of the university’s Chemistry Department, Punjab Forensic Science Agency (PFSA) and Higher Education Commission.

Lahore

Oct 28: Pakistan Human Capital Forum (PHCF) held “HR Services – Best Practices Seminar” at Royal Palm Country Club, Lahore.

The Sanjan Nagar Public Education Trust

Oct 29: The Sanjan Nagar Public Education Trust flagship campus earned Global Platinum Standard — the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB-PYP) Authorisation award.

Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology (RIC)

Oct 29: The Interventional Cardiology team at Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology (RIC) led by Professor of Cardiology Major Gen (R) Dr Azhar Mahmood Kayani achieved a unique milestone here by becoming the first institute to have performed coronary angioplasty under cover of the latest left ventricular assist device, ‘Impella 2.5 abiomed Europe GmbH.

Village Dulmial, Pakistan

Down a broken road winding through a corner of Pakistan’s Punjab province lies a silent graveyard, the resting place of hundreds of soldiers who fought for Britain in two world wars.

Nestled in the rocky hills of Punjab’s salt ranges, blasted by heat in the summer, the village of Dulmial is a far cry from the freezing mud of the Flanders trenches.

But the village, around 150 kilometres (90 miles) from Islamabad, gave 460 men to fight in the 1914-18 conflict — more than any other single village in what was then British India.

30h-WIF.jpgLahore

Nov 6-8: First Interschool Scrabble Tournament 2014 Lahore was organized by “TEEN TIMES,” Pakistan’s first infotainment magazine, and a project of “Jahangir Books since 1923” at a local restaurant. 64 students from Lahore’s most prestigious institutions participated in this 3-day event. The team consisting of Muhammad Hamza and Muaaz Atif from Beaconhouse Newlands Campus, Lahore, emerged as the winner. They were presented beautiful shields and certificates for their brilliant performance.

International

Oct 16: The UN General Assembly elected five new non-permanent members Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand Spain and Venezuela to serve on the Security Council for two-year terms. They will take up their seats on January 1, 2015.

Oct 16: Chinese censors blocked the website of Britain’s national broadcaster, the BBC, in China.

Oct 16: A court in Britain ruled that Ilyas Ashar, who smuggled to Britain a 10-year-old deaf and mute girl from Pakistan, and kept her as a slave for almost a decade, will have to pay the girl $160,000.

Ilyas, along with his wife Tallat, forced her to work as their servant.

Oct 16: Yogurt became New York’s official state snack, joining the likes of popcorn and salty boiled peanuts among popular foods honoured by US states.

Governor Andrew Cuomo signed a bill making it the official state snack.

Oct 17:
A US survey conducted by Washington-based Pew Research Centre in 44 countries among 48,643 respondents, from March 17 to June 5, 2014 revealed that:

In Pakistan, people were more concerned about nuclear weapons than religious and ethnic hatred as a major threat to their security.

In India, people see religious and ethnic hatred as a greater threat, although, like Pakistan, India too is a nuclear state.

In the Middle East, which is engulfed in growing conflicts, people saw religious and ethnic hatred is the greatest threat to the world.

Oct 17: The US Federal Reserve chief Janet Yellen warned that the gap between the rich and the poor in the United States has reached a near 100-year high, and is still widening.

Oct 17: The European Union reached an agreement with the United States to use a US firm’s air ambulances to evacuate European doctors or nurses from West Africa if they caught Ebola.

Oct 17: US President Barack created a new top post in his administration to lead the fight against the contagious Ebola virus. He also authorised the use of American military reservists to support humanitarian aid efforts against the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.

Oct 17: Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sent religious offerings to Tokyo’s Yasukuni Shrine honouring the war dead including convicted wartime leaders, as dozens of lawmakers prayed at the site in a ceremony that drew a rebuke from China.

Many Asian victims of Japan’s wartime atrocities, especially China and the Koreas, see the shrine as a symbol of militarism.

Oct 17: India’s top court granted bail to Jayalalithaa Jayaram, a 66-year-old ex-film star and a long-time head of Tamil Nadu, jailed last month for corruption.

Oct 17: India successfully test-fired its first domestically built nuclear capable and long-range cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’, or ‘fearless’, marking another step in building up the country’s defence prowess.

Oct 17: Nigeria’s military and presidency claimed to have reached a deal with Boko Haram militants on a ceasefire and the release of more than 200 kidnapped schoolgirls.

Oct 17: American Vice President Joe Biden’s son, Hunter Biden, was discharged from the US Navy reserve after testing positive for cocaine.

Oct 18: Iraqi lawmakers approved Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi’s remaining Cabinet nominees, including for the critical defence and interior portfolios, completing the government formation.

Oct 18: A top-secret space plane landed at an air force base on the southern California coast. The plane spent nearly two years circling Earth on a classified mission. Known as the X-37B, it resembles a mini space shuttle.

30i-WIF.jpgOct 20: France and Germany, the eurozone’s two biggest economies, promised to do what was needed to boost investment in the single currency area at a time when the region’s economy is flagging badly.

Oct 20: Japan’s Trade Minister, Yuko Obuchi, and Justice Minister, Midori Matsushima, resigned after allegations that they misused campaign funds.

Ms Obuchi, the daughter of a former prime minister, said that she needed to focus on an investigation into discrepancies in accounting for election funds. Whereas Justice Minister resigned after the opposition Democratic Party of Japan filed a criminal complaint against her over distribution of hand-held fans or “uchiwa.”

Oct 20: Kurds battling the ‘Islamic Sate’ group’s militants for the Syrian border town of Kobane, welcomed a first US airdrop of weapons as neighbouring Turkey said it would help Iraqi Kurds to join the fight.

Oct 20: The World Health Organization declared two major African countries, Nigeria and Senegal, Ebola free.

Oct 20: No bacon for breakfast, a room for prayers and a Quran on your bedside table: a hotel in Moscow launched a special “halal” service as Russia tries to attract visitors from the Muslim world.

Oct 20: Joko Widodo, Indonesia’s first president from outside the political and military elite, was sworn in as leader of the world’s third-biggest democracy.

Oct 21: The White House announced that detained American tourist Jeffrey Fowle was released by North Korea.

Oct 21: A renowned Congolese gynaecologist, Doctor Denis Mukwege won the European Parliament’s prestigious Sakharov human rights prize for his work in helping thousands of gang rape victims in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Parliament president Martin Schulz announced the award for Mukwege, who has previously been tipped several times for the Nobel Peace Prize, for his work in treating the appalling injuries inflicted on the victims.

Oct 21: Olympic and Paralympic sprinter Oscar Pistorius started his five-year jail sentence for killing his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.

Oct 21: Poppy production in Afghanistan hit record levels last year. Despite spending some $7.6bn to wipe out poppy helds, poppy production in 2013 hit an all-time high in 2013. “Afghan farmers grew an unprecedented 209,000 hectares (516,000 acres) of opium poppy in 2013, surpassing the previous peak of 193,000 hectares in 2007,” the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, John Sopko, said.

Oct 22: Canada’s capital was jolted by the fatal shooting of a soldier and an attack on the parliament building in which gunshots were fired outside a room where Prime Minister Stephen Harper was speaking.

Oct 22: The death toll in the world’s worst-ever Ebola outbreak has edged closer to 4,900, while almost 10,000 people have now been infected, new figures from the World Health Organization showed.

Oct 25: Iran hanged Reyhaneh Jabbari — a woman convicted of murdering a former intelligence officer — defying international appeals for a stay of execution.

Oct 25: India’s Defence Acquisition Council approved defence procurement proposals worth Rs800bn ($13.1bn) to modernise the country’s ageing Soviet-era military hardware and boost its domestic defence industry.

Oct 26: New Indonesian President Joko Widodo unveiled a cabinet including the country’s first female foreign minister, Retno Marsudi, as well as political allies and technocrats in key economic posts.

Oct 26: British troops ended their combat operations in Afghanistan as they and US Marines handed over two huge adjacent bases to the Afghan military, 13 years after a US-led invasion launched the long and costly war against the Taliban.

Oct 26: Israeli President Reuven Rivlin acknowledged past and present wrongdoings to Israel’s Arabs, while calling for calm in the wake of growing unrest in east Jerusalem and the West Bank.

Mr Rivlin spoke at a memorial ceremony for victims of 1956 massacre at Kafr Qassem, where Israeli forces killed 47 residents of the Arab village for breaking a wartime curfew, becoming the first Israeli president to attend the event.

30k-WIF.jpgOct 27: Brazil re-elected Dilma Rousseff as country’s president in the narrowest presidential win since the nation’s return to democracy three decades ago.

Oct 27: Tunisia’s Ennahda party, the first Islamist movement to secure power after the 2011 “Arab Spring” revolts, conceded defeat in elections.

Oct 27: South Africa football captain Senzo Meyiwa was shot dead by burglars as he tried to protect his celebrity girlfriend during a break-in

Oct 28: India’s top court ordered the government to disclose the names of all people suspected of stashing money in foreign banks beyond reach of tax authorities.

Oct 28: Afghanistan and China pledged a new long-term partnership with each other as Afghan President Ashraf Ghani began a four-day visit while Nato combat troops prepare to withdraw from his country.

Oct 29: Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Malala Yousafzai donated $50,000 to rebuild an UNRWA school (in Israeli-occupied Gaza) damaged during the recent fighting.

Oct 29: The White House’s unclassified computer network was breached by intruders, with The Washington Post newspaper reporting that the Russian government was thought to be behind the act.

Oct 29:
Bangladesh’s war crimes tribunal sentenced chief of the Jamaat-i-Islami to death for crimes against humanity, including genocide, torture and rape, during the 1971 war.

Oct 30: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani removed his tribal Pashtun surname “Ahmadzai” from all official documents.

Oct 30: Angry demonstrators went on the rampage in Burkina Faso, setting parliament ablaze in a surge of violence that forced the government to scrap a vote on controversial plans to allow President Blaise Compaore to extend his 27-year rule.

Oct 30: Sweden officially recognised the state of Palestine, becoming the first major European country to do so.

Oct 31: The head of Burkina Faso’s armed forces took power after President Blaise Compaore resigned.

Oct 31: Gottfrid Svartholm Warg, the Swedish co-founder of file-sharing website The Pirate Bay, was sentenced to three years and six months in jail in the largest hacking case in Denmark’s history.

Nov 02: Mir Quasem Ali, an official of the Jamaat-e-Islami party Bangladesh and a media tycoon, was sentenced to death for war crimes.

Nov 03: Prime Minister Victor Ponta won the first round of Romania’s presidential election, a step towards a victory that would consolidate his leftist party’s hold on power.

Nov 03: The deputy governor of Kandahar province in south Afghanistan was shot dead at a university in the provincial capital.

Nov 03: An all-woman jury awarded France’s prestigious Femina Prize to Haiti’s Yanick Lahens “Bain de lune” (Moon Bath), a family epic interwoven with challenges facing her home country.

Nov 06: Libya’s Supreme Court invalidated the internationally recognised parliament in a ruling that cannot be appealed against.

Nov 07: A veteran US diplomat and Pakistan expert, Robin L. Raphel, was arrested by the federal investigation and her security clearance was revoked.

Nov 07: China and Japan agreed to work on improving ties and signalled willingness to put a bitter row over disputed islands on the back burner.

Nov 08: The European Union’s top diplomat Federica Mogherini said that Jerusalem “should be the capital of two states”, as tensions gripped the holy city hit by Israeli Palestinian violence.

Nov 08: President Barack Obama introduced Loretta Lynch as his choice for attorney general. Mr Lynch is an accomplished prosecutor from New York City.

Nov 08: Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi was ousted as leader of his own political party, weakening his authority at a time of turmoil in the impoverished Arab nation.

Nov 08: Egypt, facing its worst power crisis in decades, pledged greater energy cooperation with Greece and Cyprus, a diplomatic move that opened up the possibility of progress in talks to import natural gas from Cyprus.

Nov 08: “Everything I Never Told You,” the debut novel by author Celeste Ng about a teenage girl growing up in a mixed race family in the American Midwest in the 1970s, was named Amazon’s best book of 2014.

Nov 08: The African Union raised $28.5m from the continent’s wealthiest individuals and firms for a fund to fight the Ebola outbreak ravaging three West African nations.

Nov 09: Yemen sworn in a 29-member cabinet including members of Saleh’s powerful General People’s Congress (GPC) and others seen as close to the Huthi insurgents.

30l-WIF.jpgNov 09: For the first time in 30 years the alleged genocide of Sikhs in 1984 by the Indian army was documented by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

UN Human Rights Officer Stenfano Sensi recorded the testimony of the 1984 witnesses and received documentary evidence on the role of Congress leaders in the killings.

Nov 09: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi expanded his council of ministers inducting 21 new faces.

Nov 11: Leaders of Asia-Pacific economies agreed to begin work toward possible adoption of a Chinese-backed free-trade pact, giving Beijing a victory in its push for a bigger role in managing global commerce.

Nov 11: China unveiled a sophisticated new stealth fighter jet at an air show, a show of muscle during a visit by US President Barack Obama for an Asia-Pacific summit.

Nov 11: Russia will build two new nuclear power plant units in Iran under an agreement signed in Moscow between subsidiaries of the two countries’ state atomic agencies.

Nov 12:
Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan reached a record high in 2014, a United Nations report revealed, highlighting the failure of the multi-billion-dollar US-led campaign to crack down on the lucrative crop.

The total area under cultivation was about 224,000 hectares (553,500 acres) in 2014, a seven per cent increase on last year, according to the Afghanistan Opium Survey released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

Nov 12: The United States and China announced a largely symbolic plan to implement new limits on carbon emissions, the highlight of a summit between Barack Obama and Xi Jinping at which both leaders played down suggestions of differences and rivalry.

Nov 12: The Netherlands unveiled the world’s first solar bike path, a revolutionary project to harvest the sun’s energy that could eventually also be used on roads.

The so-called ‘SolaRoad’ bike path is made of concrete modules each measuring 2.5 by 3.5 metres (eight by 11 feet), embedded with solar panels covered in tempered glass. To help prevent accidents, the glass has been given a special non-slip surface.

Nov 12: Suspected Jewish extremists torched a West Bank mosque.

Unrest has escalated in recent days, spreading from annexed east Jerusalem to the occupied West Bank and Arab communities across Israel, raising fears of a new Palestinian uprising.

Nov 12: Turkey’s state-run broadcaster was penalised for favouring President Tayyip Erdogan in its coverage of the country’s first popular vote for head of state.

Nov 13: Sultan Kösen of Turkey and Chandra Bahadur Dangi of Nepal, the world’s tallest and shortest living men, came face to face to celebrate the 10th annual Guinness World Records Day.

Nov 14:
Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel ordered top-to-bottom changes in the management of the US nuclear arsenal.

Nov 14: Boko Haram seized the north-eastern Nigerian town of Chibok, from where 276 girls were kidnapped more than six months ago.

Nov 15: Turkey and the United States agreed a plan under which some 2,000 fighters from the moderate Syrian opposition would be trained on Turkish soil.

Sports

Oct 19: Cristiano Ronaldo netted his14th and 15th goals to break a record that had stood since the 1943-44 season when Oviedo’s Esteban Echevarria scored 14 goals through the first eight rounds.

Oct 20: Ben Martin captured his first US PGA Tour title at the Shriners Hospital Open.

Oct 21: India’s BCCI, the world’s richest board, suspended all future tours with West Indies following the Caribbean team’s abrupt withdrawal from a series in India.

Oct 26: Serena Willlams defeated the Romanian Simona Halep to win her third-successive title at the WTA Finals and her fifth overall.

Oct 27: China’s newly-crowned World Cup winner Zhang Jike was fined his entire prize money of $45,000 after destroying two advertising boards while celebrating victory.

Oct 28: Portuguese star footballer Cristiano Ronaldo won three awards as he was named best striker and best player of the 2013-14 La Liga campaign, while he was also presented with the best goal of the season award at the Spanish Football League (LFP) gala in Madrid.

Oct 29: FIFA President Sepp Blatter revealed the logo for the 2018 World Cup in Russia with the help of a crew of cosmonauts.

The logo depicts the World Cup trophy in red and blue, colours from the Russian flag, with gold trim.

Oct 30: Nepal recorded their sixth win in seven matches to claim the World Cricket League (WCL) Division Three Crown.

Nov 09: South Korea’s Lee Mi-Hyang won a nail-biting playoff to triumph in the Mizuno Classic, birdying the fifth extra hole to claim her first LPGA title.

Nov 09: Kenya’s Felix Kipchirchir Kandie won the Athens classic marathon in a course record of two hours, 10 minutes and 37 seconds.

Nov 09: Newly-crowned world champion Marc Marquez won the season-ending Valencia MotoGP to set a new record of 13 victories in a year. The 21-year-old Spaniard led from the 11th lap on his Honda and crossed the line in a time of 46 minutes 39.627 seconds.

Nov 10:
The International Cricket Council (ICC) announced a 20 percent increase in prize money for next year’s World Cup in Australia and New Zealand.

The winners will take home $3.975 million (3.18 million euros), but if a team remains unbeaten that would rise to more than $4m.

Nov 13: Rohit Sharma created history by smashing the highest individual ODI score with a breathtaking knock of 264 as India thrashed Sri Lanka by 153 runs in the fourth cricket ODI.

Nov 14: Indian cricket was thrown into turmoil when the country’s highest court said four top officials, including the sport’s world chief Narayanaswami Srinivasan, may have been involved in corruption in the Indian Premier League.

Nov 14: Fiery Australian paceman Mitchell Johnson was named cricketer of the year by the International Cricket Council, matching his countryman Ricky Ponting’s feat of winning the award twice.

Obituaries

Oct 20: Swiss photographer Rene Burri, celebrated for his portraits of Che Guevara and Pablo Picasso, died aged 81.

Oct 21: The chief executive of French oil giant Total, Christophe de Margerie, died in a plane crash at a Moscow airport.

Oct 21: Ayatollah Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani, the chairman of Iran’s Assembly of Experts, the clerics who appoint, and can dismiss the country’s supreme leader, died.

Oct 21: Gough Whitlam, a flamboyant Australian prime minister and controversial social reformer whose grip on power was cut short by a bitter constitutional crisis, died at the age of 98.

Oct 22: Legendary former Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee, who oversaw reporting on the Watergate scandal that brought down US president Richard Nixon, died. He was 93.

Oct 23: Ghulam Azam, a leader of the Jamaat-i-Islami in Bangladesh, died, just over a year after he was sentenced to 90 years in prison on charges of masterminding atrocities during the military operation in 1971. He was 91.

Oct 29: Zambian President Michael Sata, an abrasive figure nicknamed “King Cobra” because of his venomous tongue, died in London.

Nov 03: A renowned Marathi and Bollywood actor Sadashiv Amrapurkar passed away. He was 64.

Nov 05: Flamenco great Manitas de Plata, the gypsy guitarist of humble origins who made a fortune from his virtuoso talent, died.

The son of a horse trader, Manitas de Plata — whose adopted name means ‘little hands of silver’ -— was born Ricardo Baliardo in a gypsy caravan in the south of France in 1921. He fathered up to 28 children.

30m-WIF.jpgEconomy

Oct 17: The United Kingdom became the first foreign country to issue offshore renminbi bonds, with a smoothly executed offering that reflected the Chinese currency’s growing global appeal and London’s efforts to become the world’s trading hub.

Oct 20: The European Union (EU) ended a long-running telecoms row with China, dropping a threat to levy punitive tariffs on Chinese telecoms exports and easing tensions between two of the world’s top trading powers.

The deal struck between Brussels and Beijing sets out a framework for China to address EU concerns about subsidies to Huawei, China’s No. 2 telecom equipment maker, and its smaller rival ZTE.

Oct 28: The Swedish central bank set a zero base interest rate, deciding to cut its key rate by a quarter of a percentage point in a drive to push up exceptionally low inflation. This is a record low and the central bank said it would stay at this rate until inflation picks up.

Oct 28: Mexico and the United States reached a deal to avert potentially steep duties on Mexican sugar imports to the United States, defusing a months-long dispute.

Oct 31: Britain announced to pay back bonds issued by then finance minister Winston Churchill to cover debts from World War I, as well as the Napoleonic and Crimean campaigns.

The “4% Consols” bonds came out in 1927, partly to refinance National War Bonds originating from WWI that were widely touted as a patriotic investment during the war years.

Oct 31: Russian and Ukrainian officials reached an agreement to resume Russian deliveries of natural gas to prevent shortages over the winter.

Nov 01: Egypt signed $350 million worth of financing agreements with Saudi Arabia, aimed at upgrading its power grid and securing imports of petroleum products.

Nov 08: China will contribute $40 billion to set up a Silk Road infrastructure fund to boost connectivity across Asia, President Xi Jinping announced. This is the latest Chinese project to spread the largesse of its own economic growth.

The fund will be for investing in infrastructure, resources and industrial and financial cooperation. The goal of the fund is to “break the connectivity bottleneck” in Asia.

Nov 08: Danish company OW Bunker, the world’s largest ship fuel supplier, declared bankruptcy.

Nov 11: China and the United States reached a breakthrough in talks on eliminating duties on information technology products, a deal that could pave the way for the first major tariff-cutting agreement at the World Trade Organization in 17 years.

Nov 11: The Bahrain-based Accounting and Auditing Organisation for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) issued two new shariah standards, revised three others and said it will review at least five more in coming months.

After a meeting of its 20-member shariah board in Riyadh, AAOIFI said it had issued a standard for arboun (down payments) and another on conditional termination of contracts, following a public hearing held in October.

AAOIFI has also revised standards covering the conversion of conventional banks into Islamic ones, debt transfers (hawala) and murabaha a common shariah-compliant sale contract.

People in News

Luis Suarez & Cristiano Ronaldo

Oct 16: Barcelona striker Luis Suarez and Real Madrid and Portugal star forward Cristiano Ronaldo won the Golden Boot award for scoring the most goals in Europe’s domestic league’s last season.

Maggie Smith

Oct 18: A 79-year-old ‘Downton Abbey’ star and veteran actress Maggie Smith was made a member of the Order of the Companions of Honour by Queen Elizabeth, one of Britain’s highest honours.

Malala Yousufzai and Jack Ma

Oct 17: Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai and Jack Ma of China’s Alibaba group topped the list of Asian game changers at a ceremony held at the United Nations.

Oct 19: Robbert van de Corput, better known by his stage name Hardwell, became the best DJ in the world for the second year in a row. The Dutch DJ and producer became the youngest-ever winner of the award last year, taking the crown from five-time winner Armin Van Buuren.

Savjibhai Dholakia

Oct 20: Savjibhai Dholakia, a diamond merchant from the city of Surat in western India hit the news when he gave 1,200 of his workers new cars, deposits for flats and thousands of dollars worth of diamond jewellery as rewards for loyalty.

Alan Knight

Oct 22: Alan Knight, a British fraudster who pretended to be quadriplegic and sometimes comatose for two years to avoid prosecution, was convicted after police caught him on camera driving and strolling around supermarkets. Alan stole more than 40,000 pounds ($64,000) from the bank account of an elderly neighbour with Alzheimer’s disease.

Amitabh Bachchan

Oct 28: Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan was summoned by federal court of Los Angeles for allegedly instigating violence against members of the Sikh community in 1984.

Shakib Al Hasan

Nov 07: Shakib Al Hasan became only the third player in history to score a century and take 10 wickets in a match as Bangladesh whipped Zimbabwe by 162 runs in the second Test to win the series.

Arnold Abbott

Nov 08: For decades, 90-year-old Arnold Abbott hauled pans filled with roast chicken and cheese-covered potatoes onto a south Florida beach park to feed hundreds of homeless people.

For his good deeds, Abbott finds himself facing up to two months in jail and hundreds of dollars in fines after new laws that restrict public feeding of the homeless went into effect in Fort Lauderdale earlier this year.

Places in News

Pyeongchang, South Korea

Oct 17: A UN conference on preserving the earth’s dwindling resources concluded with governments making a firm commitment to double biodiversity aid to developing countries by 2015 in Pyeongchang, South Korea. The gathering, agreed to use average annual biodiversity funding for the years 2006-2010 as a baseline to be doubled by 2015, and then maintained through 2020.

England

Oct 20: Binge drinking and 24-hour alcohol shops have caused a “shocking” 40 per cent jump in deaths from liver disease in England revealed a survey held over a 12-year period. It found that England is now the only European country where fatalities from liver disease are rising, as drinking has gone down in other parts of Europe.

Beijing, China

Oct 22: The finance ministers from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum met in Beijing prior to the group’s annual summit. They observed that the global economy is beset by increasing “downside risks”.

London, England

Oct 26: Thousands of people supporting the Kashmir cause participated in the historic ‘Million March’ organized by the PPP to express solidarity with the Kashmiri people over their decades-long struggle for the right to self-determination. The Million March started from Trafalgar Square and concluded at 10 Downing Street.

New York, USA

Nov 03: One World Trade Centre, America’s tallest building, welcomed its first tenants, publishing group Conde Nast, in a symbolic moment 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.

National Cathedral, Washington DC

Nov 15: Prayer rugs were laid out. A man in the first row read out the Azaan. “Allah ho Akbar”, said the imam and the prayer began. These words are repeated in millions of mosques across the world everyday but this was a historic occasion for Washington: the first-ever Friday congregation at the National Cathedral in the US capital.

South Africa’s Ambassador to the US, Ebrahim Rasool, led the prayer.

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